VMware Tools update OS Command Injection



EDB-ID: 15717 CVE: 2010-4297 OSVDB-ID: N/A
Author: Nahuel Grisolia Published: 2010-12-09 Verified: Not Verified
Exploit Code:   Download Vulnerable App:   N/A

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VMware Tools update OS Command Injection
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1. Advisory Information
Advisory ID: BONSAI-2010-0110
Date published: Thu Dec 9, 2010
Vendors contacted: VMware
Release mode: Coordinated release

2. Vulnerability Information
Class: Injection
Remotely Exploitable: Yes
Locally Exploitable: Yes
CVE Name: CVE-2010-4297

3. Software Description
VMware Tools is a suite of utilities that enhances the performance of
the virtual machine's guest operating system and improves management of
the virtual machine. Without VMware Tools installed in your guest
operating system, guest performance lacks important functionality.
Installing VMware Tools eliminates or improves the following issues:

    * low video resolution
    * inadequate color depth
    * incorrect display of network speed
    * restricted movement of the mouse
    * inability to copy and paste and drag-and-drop files
    * missing sound

VMware Tools includes these components:

    * VMware Tools service
    * VMware device drivers
    * VMware user process
    * VMware Tools control panel

VMware Tools is provided in the following formats:

    * ISOs (contain .tar and .rpm files) – packaged with the product and
are installed in a number of ways, depending upon the VMware product and
the guest operating system installed in the virtual machine. VMware
Tools provides a different ISO file for each type of supported guest
operating system: Windows, Linux, NetWare, Solaris, and FreeBSD.
    * Operating System Specific Packages (OSPs) – downloaded and
installed from the command line. VMware Tools is available as separate
downloadable, light-weight packages that are specific to each supported
Linux operating system and VMware product. OSPs are an alternative to
the existing mechanism for installing VMware Tools and only support
Linux systems running on ESX.

4. Vulnerability Description
Injection flaws, such as SQL, OS, and LDAP injection, occur when
untrusted data is sent to an interpreter as part of a command or query.
The attacker’s hostile data can trick the interpreter into executing
unintended commands or accessing unauthorized data.

5. Vulnerable packages
Column 4 of the following table lists the action required to remediate
the vulnerability in each release, if a solution is available:
VMWare Product	Product Version	Running On	Replace with / Apply Patch
VirtualCenter	any	Windows	not affected
Workstation	7.X	any	7.1.2 Build 301548 or later
Workstation	6.5.X	any	6.5.5 Build 328052 or later
Player	3.1.X	any	3.1.2 Build 301548 or later
Player	2.5.X	any	2.5.5 Build 328052 or later
AMS	any	any	not affected
Server	2.0.2	any	affected, no patch planned
Fusion	3.1.X	Mac OSX	3.1.2 Build 332101
Fusion	2.X	Mac OSX	2.0.8 Build 328035
ESXi	4.1	ESXi	ESXi410-201010402-BG
ESXi	4.0	ESXi	ESXi400-201009402-BG
ESXi	3.5	ESXi	ESXe350-201008402-T-BG **
ESX	4.1	ESX	ESX410-201010405-BG
ESX	4.0	ESX	ESX400-201009401-SG
ESX	3.5	ESX	ESX350-201008409-BG **
ESX	3.0.3	ESX	not affected

  * hosted products are VMware Workstation, Player, ACE, Fusion.
  ** Non Windows-based guest systems on ESXi 3.5 and ESX 3.5 only:
     - Install the relevant ESX patch.
     - Manually upgrade tools in the virtual machine (virtual machine
users will not be prompted to upgrade tools).  Note the VI Client may
not show that the VMware tools is out of date in th summary tab.
Full VMWare advisory could be found at:
http://www.vmware.com/security/advisories/VMSA-2010-0018.html

6. Non-vulnerable packages
See above table.

7. Credits
This vulnerability was discovered by Nahuel Grisolia ( nahuel -at-
bonsai-sec.com ).

8. Technical Description
8.1. OS Command Injection – PoC Example
CVSSv2 Score: 8.5 (AV:N/AC:M/Au:S/C:C/I:C/A:C)
VMware Server Infrastructure Web Access is prone to remote command
execution vulnerability because the software fails to adequately
sanitize user-supplied input.
When Updating the VMTools on a certain Guest Virtual Machine, a command
injection attack can be executed if specially crafted parameters are sent.
Successful attacks can compromise the affected Guest Virtual Machine
with root privileges.
The following proof of concept is given. It was exploited in a GNU/Linux
Guest with VMware Tools installed but not fully updated:
POST /ui/sb HTTP/1.1
[…]
Cookie: JSESSIONID=F78CCA7DD3CF4E2E82587B236660C9ED; user_name=vmuser;
l=http%3A%2F%2Flocalhost%3A80%2Fsdk
[…]
[{i:"378",exec:"/cmd/vm",args:["UpgradeTools_Task",{_i:"VirtualMachine|960"},";
INJECTED COMMAND HERE ;"]}]


9. Report Timeline
• 2010-04-24 / Vulnerabilities were identified
• 2010-04-29 – 2010-12-02 / Multiple Contacts with Vendor
• 2010-12-09 / Vulnerability is Disclosed – PoC attached

10. About Bonsai
Bonsai is a company involved in providing professional computer
information security services. Currently a sound growth company, since
its foundation in early 2009 in Buenos Aires, Argentina, we are fully
committed to quality service and focused on our customers’ real needs.

11. Disclaimer
The contents of this advisory are copyright (c) 2010 Bonsai Information
Security, and may be distributed freely provided that no fee is charged
for this distribution and proper credit is given.

12. Research
http://www.bonsai-sec.com/en/research/vulnerability.php
http://www.bonsai-sec.com/en/research/vulnerabilities/vmware-tools-os-command-injection-0110.php