Open-AudIT - Multiple Vulnerabilities

EDB-ID:

12676

CVE:



Platform:

PHP

Published:

2010-05-21

GVI-2010-02 : Multiple vulnerabilities in Open-AudIT
====================================================

1 Overview
----------

Excerpt from http://www.open-audit.org :
"Open-AudIT is an application to tell you exactly what is on your network, how
it is configured and when it changes. Open-AudIT will run on Windows and Linux
systems. Essentially, Open-AudIT is a database of information, that can be
queried via a web interface."

2 Description
-------------

Multiple security issues were discovered which can be categorized as :

    - Lack of Authentication
    - SQL Injection
    - Cross-Site Scripting
    - Local File Include

3 Details
---------

Product            : Open-AudiT
Versions           : 20081013, 20091223-RC
Vulnerability Type : authentication, SQLi, XSS, LFI 
Discovered by      : Sébastien Duquette (virtualguardian.ca)
                     
Original Advisory : 
http://www.gardienvirtuel.ca/wp-content/uploads/2010/05/GVI-2010-02-EN.txt

4 Timeline
----------

Patches were sent to the vendor. The vendor said that they are focussing on
version 2 of the product. Patches are not applied at disclosure date.
 
Vendor informed       : December 12th, 2009
Vendor Response       : December 13th, 2009
Update request        : January  14th, 2010
Vendor response       : January  14th, 2010
Update request        : February 19th, 2010
Vendor response       : February 21th, 2010
Patches sent          :    March 29th, 2010
Public Disclosure     :      May 20th, 2010

5 Analysis
----------

5.1 Lack of Authentication
--------------------------

When the "Use Passwords" option is activated, Open-AudIT requires a user and
password to be provided to access the web administrative interface. However,
several scripts will not properly verify authentication before accepting
requests.

This allows an attacker to add or remove information in the database concerning 
the audited systems, obtain or modify system configurations like SMTP or LDAP 
server addresses etc.

Also, the "backup" folder has user access rights by default, allowing anyone to
grab any backup contained in the folder.

Please note that this problem is not fixed by the patch provided with this
advisory. To perform the inventorying on machines, Open-AudIT uses vbscript on
Windows and bash scripts Linux and sends the data back via HTTP POST requests. 
The scripts currently do not support HTTP authentication.

 ------------------------------
| Affected scripts             |
|------------------------------|
| upgrade.php                  |
| admin_config_data.php        |
| delete_system.php            |
| admin_delete_all_systems.php |
| admin_nmap_input.php         |
| admin_pc_add_2.php           |
| delete_other.php             |
| delete_missed_audit.php      |
| ldap_audit_script.php        |
| ldap_login.php               |
| ldap_logout.php              |
| list.php                     |
| list_export.php              |
| system_post.php              |
| system_export.php            |
| php.php                      |
 ------------------------------

 
5.1.1 Proof of concept
----------------------

Obtain the address of the LDAP server
admin_config_data.php?sub=f1

Delete a system by it's ID
delete_system.php?pc=<ID>

5.2 SQL Injection
-----------------

Most SQL queries in the application do not sanitize the parameters. As an
example, here is an excerpt from the system_post.php file :

$sql  = "UPDATE other SET other_network_name = '" . 
        $_REQUEST['other_network_name'] . "',";

Please refer to the provided patch for the complete list of affected queries.

5.2.1 Proof of concept
----------------------

This request will output the name of the mysql user and current database
admin_config_data.php?sub=f8&ldap_path_id=1%20UNION%20SELECT%20user%28%29,
%20database%28%29

This request will return a text file with the list of all audited systems
list_export.php?filename=export&sql=SELECT%2B%252A%2BFROM%2B%2560system

5.3 Cross-Site Scripting
------------------------

Some instances of Cross-Site scripting were found in Open-AudIT. Below is a
table summarizing the affected variables.

 ------------------------------
| Script           |  Variable |
 ------------------------------
| include_lang.php |  language |
| list.php         |  view     |
 ------------------------------

5.3.1 Proof of concept
----------------------

list.php?view=%3Cscript%3Ealert('XSS')%3B%3C%2Fscript%3E

5.4 Local File Include
----------------------

The include_lang.php script is vulnerable to local file include. Let's take a
look at the code :
    
    <?php
    if(!isset($language) or $language=="") $GLOBALS["language"]="en";
    $language_file="./lang/".$GLOBALS["language"].".inc";
    if(is_file($language_file)){
        include($language_file);
    }else{
    ....

If  we can somehow manage to modify the language value, a local file include
would be possible by using a directory traversal. It so happens that the
setup.php script is not disabled or deleted once the installation is completed
and allows an unauthenticated user to modify the language value. See the proof
of concept below.

5.4.1 Proof of concept
----------------------

Create a file named /tmp/test containing some php code. Send a POST request to
setup.php with the following parameters :

    - language = %2f..%2f..%2f..%2f..%2f..%2f..%2ftmp%2ftest
    - step = 2
    
The script will then be included on pretty much every page.
	
Solution
--------

The flaws disclosed in this advisory are unpatched at the day of the release. 
We provide a patch against the latest version of the software. Please note that
this patch was not extensively tested and does not fix all the issues. It is 
provided solely as a reference.