Barracuda Spam Firewall 3.3.03.053 - Remote Code Execution (1)

EDB-ID:

2136


Platform:

Hardware

Published:

2006-08-07

Title: Barracuda Arbitrary File Disclosure + Command Execution
Severity: High (Sensitive Information Disclosure)
Date: 01 August 2006
Version Affected: Barracuda Spam Firewall version 3.3.01.001 to 3.3.03.053
Discovered by: Greg Sinclair (gssincla@nnlsoftware.com)

Discovered on: 29 May 2006

Overview:
Barracuda Spam Firewalls (www.barracudanetworks.com) are vulnerable to
arbitrary file disclosure due to improper parameter sanitation.


Details:
The Barracuda Spam Firewalls from version 3.3.01.001 to 3.3.02.053 are vulnerable to
arbitrary file disclosure via the preview_email.cgi script. The /cgi-
bin/preview_email.cgi script is designed to retrieve a message from the local
message database on the Barracuda Spam Firewall. However, the "file" parameter which
is passed via GET is not properly sanitized to restrict the file retrieval to the
message database directories. The script looks for "/mail/mlog" in the file
parameter but does not take into account directory transversal arguments such as
".." The result is that any file that is accessible to the web server user is
accessible from the web interface. The script does require a valid user to be logged
in to perform this attack, however using the "Barracuda Hardcoded Password
Vulnerability" (NNL-20060801-01) guest password vulnerability this restriction can
easily be overcome. This particular problem is amplified by the fact that it is
possible to download the full configuration file for the barracuda. The
configuration file is periodically backed-up into the /tmp directory as
"/tmp/backup/periodic_config.txt.tmp" Message confidentiality is compromised by the
fact that an attacker who is able to view the message log screen (which can be done
via the guest password vulnerability) can easily view any message on the system.
The message logs are stored as /mail/mlog/X/Y/email_address/msgID where X is the
first character of email_address, Y is the second character of email_address,
email_address is the recipient's email address and msgID is the message ID assigned
to the message in question. So for example if jon@smith.com received a message with
messageID 1234, any user could view the message by entering
/mail/mlog/j/o/jon@smith.com/1234

Proof of Concept:

https://<deviceIP>/cgi-bin/preview_email.cgi?file=/mail/mlog/../tmp/backup/periodic_config.txt.tmp

Command Execution by Matthew Hall <lists[at]ecsc.co.uk>

https://<deviceIP>/cgi-bin/preview_email.cgi?file=/mail/mlog/../../bin/ls%20/|

Recommendations:
* Never allow your barracuda web interface to be accessible from untrusted networks (especially the Internet)
* Upgrade to version 3.3.0.54 or later

Vendor Contact:
30 May 2006   - Initial Vendor Contact
24 June 2006  - Vendor replies with prospect of fix
17 July 2006  - NNL request status update, no reply
01 Aug 2006   - NNL releases vuln report, notifies vendor of release

# milw0rm.com [2006-08-07]