List, I've completed the second paper in my series analyzing Sophos Antivirus internals, titled "Practical Attacks against Sophos Antivirus". As the name suggests, this paper describes realistic attacks against networks using Sophos products. The paper includes a working pre-authentication remote root exploit that requires zero-interation, and could be wormed within the next few days. I would suggest administrators deploying Sophos products study my results urgently, and implement the recommendations. I've also included a section on best practices for Sophos users, intended to help administrators of high-value networks minimise the potential damage to their assets caused by Sophos. The paper is available to download at the link below. https://lock.cmpxchg8b.com/sophailv2.pdf http://www.exploit-db.com/docs/22510.pdf A working exploit for Sophos 8.0.6 on Mac is available, however the techniques used in the exploit easily transfer to Windows and Linux, due to multiple critical implementation flaws described in the paper. Testcases for the other flaws described in the paper are available on request. https://lock.cmpxchg8b.com/sophail-rev3-exploit.tar.gz https://github.com/offensive-security/exploitdb-bin-sploits/raw/master/bin-sploits/22509.tar.gz It is my understanding that Sophos plan to publish their own advice to their customers today. I have not been given an opportunity to review the advice in advance, so cannot comment on it's accuracy. I have had a working exploit since September, but Sophos requested I give them two months to prepare for this publication before discussing it. A timeline of our interactions is included in the paper. I believe CERT are also preparing an advisory. I'm currently working on the third paper in the series, which I'll announce at a later date. Please contact me if you would like to be a reviewer. I will add any last minute updates to twitter, at http://twitter.com/taviso. If you would like to learn more about Sophos internals, you can read my previous paper in the series here https://lock.cmpxchg8b.com/sophail.pdf I've reproduced a section of the conclusion below. Tavis. Conclusion As demonstrated in this paper, installing Sophos Antivirus exposes machines to considerable risk. If Sophos do not urgently improve their security posture, their continued deployment causes significant risk to global networks and infrastructure. In response to early access to this report, Sophos did allocate some resources to resolve the issues discussed, however they were cearly ill-equipped to handle the output of one co-operative, non-adversarial security researcher. A sophisticated state-sponsored or highly motivated attacker could devastate the entire Sophos user base with ease. Sophos claim their products are deployed throughout healthcare, government, finance and even the military. The chaos a motivated attacker could cause to these systems is a realistic global threat. For this reason, Sophos products should only ever be considered for low-value non-critical systems and never deployed on networks or environments where a complete compromise by adversaries would be inconvenient.