CUPS 1.1.x - '.HPGL' File Processor Buffer Overflow








CUPS is reported prone to a remote buffer overflow vulnerability. The issue is reported to exist in the 'hpgl-input.c' source file and is because of a lack of sufficient boundary checks performed on data contained in HPGL files.

A remote attacker may exploit this condition to execute arbitrary code in the context of the vulnerable CUPS daemon.

Ariel Berkman, a student in my Fall 2004 UNIX Security Holes course, has
discovered a remotely exploitable security hole in CUPS. I'm publishing
this notice, but all the discovery credits should be assigned to

A CUPS installation is at risk whenever it prints an HPGL file obtained
from email (or a web page or any other source that could be controlled
by an attacker). You are at risk if you print data through a CUPS
installation at risk. The source of the HPGL file has complete control
over the CUPS ``lp'' account; in particular, he can read and modify the
files you are printing.

Proof of concept: On an x86 computer running FreeBSD 4.10, as root, type

   cd /usr/ports/print/cups
   make install

to download and compile the CUPS package, version 1.1.22 (current).
Then, as any user, save the file 21.hpgl.gz attached to this message,
and type

   gunzip 21.hpgl
   /usr/local/libexec/cups/filter/hpgltops \
   15 $USER test-title 1 none 21.hpgl >

with the unauthorized result that a file named x is removed from the
current directory. (I tested this with a 541-byte environment, as
reported by printenv | wc -c.)

Here's the bug: In hpgl-input.c, ParseCommand() reads any number of
bytes into a 262144-byte buf[] array.

---D. J. Bernstein, Associate Professor, Department of Mathematics,
Statistics, and Computer Science, University of Illinois at Chicago