Multiple vulnerabilities on Sitecom N300/N600 devices ===================================================== [ADVISORY INFORMATION] Title: Multiple vulnerabilities on Sitecom N300/N600 devices Discovery date: 01/06/2013 Release date: 19/08/2013 Credits: Roberto Paleari (firstname.lastname@example.org, @rpaleari) Alessandro Di Pinto (email@example.com, @adipinto) Advisory URL: http://blog.emaze.net/2013/08/multiple-vulnerabilities-on-sitecom.html [AFFECTED PRODUCTS] We confirm the presence of the security vulnerability on the following products/firmware versions: * Sitecom WLM-3500 v2 001, firmware 1.07 * Sitecom WLM-5500 v1 001, firmware 1.15 Other device models and firmware versions are probably also vulnerable, but they were not checked. [VULNERABILITY DETAILS] The firmware running on the affected devices is prone to multiple security issues that allow attackers to bypass existing authentication mechanisms and gain administrative access to the device, with root privileges. In detail, affected firmware versions generate the default WPA2 key and access credentials starting from publicly-accessible information, such as the MAC address for the Wi-Fi interface. In addition, there is an undocumented URL that enables the Telnet service on the WAN site; attackers can then login using an hard-coded (and unchangeable) username/password combination. Details about these vulnerabilities are given next. a) WPA2/admin password generation algorithm The WPA2 passphrase and the password for the administrative web user are generated starting from the MAC address of the wireless interface card. Attackers located nearby the device (i.e., within the Wi-Fi network range) can calculate the default wireless password and access the device (if the passphrase has not been changed by the user). A Python implementation of the key generation algorithm is provided on Emaze blog (see the initial "Advisory information" section for the URL). b) Undocumented Telnet service Unauthenticated remote users can enable the Telnet server by accessing the following (undocumented) URL: http://<target-ip>/cgi-bin/telnetControl.cgi This URL can be also accessed on the WAN side, allowing Internet-based attackers to enable the Telnet server. After activation, the service remains open until the next reboot. Additionally, due to the hard-coded credentials shown in the next paragraphs, attackers can easily login to the Telnet daemon. c) Hard-coded credentials A user can login to the Telnet service (with root privileges) using the hard-coded credential "admin:1234". This administrative account is hard-coded and cannot be changed by a normal user. [REMEDIATION] Sitecom has promptly released updated firmware versions to address the Telnet issue. Patched software images are now distributed to end-users through the automatic firmware upgrade feature. The security patches have been included inside the following firmware versions: - WLM-3500v2001, v1.08 - WLM-5501v1001, v2.01 In addition, Sitecom confirmed that the algorithm for the generation of WPA2/admin passphrases discussed in the present report is valid only for WLM-3500 and WLM-5501 devices. New device models should not be affected by the same issue. [COPYRIGHT] Copyright(c) Emaze Networks S.p.A 2013, All rights reserved worldwide. Permission is hereby granted to redistribute this advisory, providing that no changes are made and that the copyright notices and disclaimers remain intact. [DISCLAIMER] Emaze Networks S.p.A is not responsible for the misuse of the information provided in our security advisories. These advisories are a service to the professional security community. There are NO WARRANTIES with regard to this information. Any application or distribution of this information constitutes acceptance AS IS, at the user's own risk. This information is subject to change without notice.