Humhub 0.10.0-rc.1 - SQL Injection

EDB-ID:

35510




Platform:

PHP

Date:

2014-12-10


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# Exploit Title: Humhub <= 0.10.0-rc.1 SQL injection vulnerability
# Date: 08-12-2014
# Exploit Author: Jos Wetzels, Emiel Florijn
# Vendor Homepage: https://www.humhub.org
# Software Link: https://github.com/humhub/humhub/releases
# Version: <= 0.10.0-rc.1

The Humhub [1] social networking kit versions 0.10.0-rc.1 and prior suffer from an SQL injection vulnerability, which has now been resolved in cooperation with the vendor [2], in its notification listing functionality allowing an attacker to obtain backend database access. In the actionIndex() function located in "/protected/modules_core/notification/controllers/ListController.php" [3] a check is performed on the unsanitized $lastEntryId variable (which is fetched from the 'from' GET parameter) to see if it is greater than 0. However, since PHP uses type-unstrict comparisons and $lastEntryId isn't guaranteed to be an integer, this allows an attacker to prefix their string of choice with any number of integers (so that $lastEntryId gets treated as an integer during the comparison) such that the comparison evaluates to true and $criteria->condition is injected with the otherwise unsanitized $lastEntryId, which can be any SQL injection.

Proof of Concept: Performing the following request

	index.php?r=notification/list/index&from=999) AND (CASE WHEN 0x30<(SELECT substring(password,1,1) FROM user_password WHERE id = 1) THEN 1 ELSE 0 END) AND (1=1

Allows an attacker to perform a binary search SQL injection. In addition, the SQL error handling of the function in question allows the attacker to perform a reflected Cross-Site Scripting attack.

Proof of Concept: Directing any user to the following link

	index.php/?r=notification/list/index&from=999) AND ("<iframe src = 'index.php/?r=user/auth/logout'>"=""

Will perform a CSRF attack against the target user.

It should be noted that the attack requires regular user-level authentication to the humhub system.

[*] References:
	1. http://humhub.org
	2. https://github.com/humhub/humhub/commit/febb89ab823d0bd6246c6cf460addabb6d7a01d4
	3. https://github.com/humhub/humhub/blob/e406538ac44f992774e1abd3748ee0a65469829d/protected/modules_core/notification/controllers/ListController.php#L46