Airdroid iOS, Android & Win 3.1.3 - Persistent Vulnerability
Vulnerability Laboratory ID (VL-ID):
Common Vulnerability Scoring System:
Product & Service Introduction:
AirDroid allows you to access wirelessly and for free on your Android phone or tablet from Windows, Mac or the Internet, and to control it.
(Copy of the Product Homepage: https://www.airdroid.com/de/ )
Abstract Advisory Information:
The Vulnerability Laboratory Core Research Team discovered an application-side input validation web vulnerability in the official SandStudio AirDroid (windows, ios and android) mobile web-application.
Vulnerability Disclosure Timeline:
2015-07-05: Researcher Notification & Coordination (Hadji Samir)
2015-07-06: Vendor Notification (Security Team)
2015-07-20: Public Disclosure (Vulnerability Laboratory)
Product: AirDroid iOS Application (Andoird, Windows, MacOS & Web) 3.1.3
Technical Details & Description:
A persistent input validation web vulnerability has been discovered in the official SandStudio AirDroid (windows, ios and android) mobile web-application.
The vulnerability allows remote attacker or low privilege user accounts to inject malicious codes to the application-side of the affected mobile web-application.
The vulnerability is located in the send messages and the send message with an attached file module. Remote attackers with low privilege user account are able to upload file name
with malicious strings like ``><script>alert(1).txt. On the arrival inbox occurs the execution of the malicious code that compromises the other target system/device user account.
The vulnerability is located on the application-side and the request method to inject is POST.
The security risk of the application-side web vulnerability is estimated as medium with a cvss (common vulnerability scoring system) count of 3.9.
Exploitation of the application-side web vulnerability requires a low privilege web-application user account and low user interaction.
Successful exploitation of the vulnerabilities results in persistent phishing mails, session hijacking, persistent external redirect to malicious
sources and application-side manipulation of affected or connected module context.
[+] Send Message
[+] Message Inbox
Proof of Concept (PoC):
The vulnerability can be exploited by remote attackers with low privilege application user account and low user interaction (click).
For security demonstration or to reproduce the vulnerability follow the provided information and steps below to continue.
<span class="name">"><"><script>alert(document.cookie).txt< span="">[PERSISTENT INJECTED SCRIPT CODE]
--- PoC Session Logs [POST] ---
11:13:00.993[0ms][total 0ms] Status: pending
Load Flags[LOAD_BYPASS_CACHE ] Content Size[unknown] Mime Type[unknown]
User-Agent[Mozilla/5.0 (X11; Linux i686; rv:39.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/39.0]
Cookie[_SESSION=0b484eb230f27c004a7e990bace6175a416b58ed-%00_TS%3A1438769709%00; _ga=GA1.2.1046706455.1436177514; _gat=1; account_sid=c51d21b583ce76c04c8d4fa5a5c7496e; account_info=aW5mby5kaW1hbmV0QGdtYWlsLmNvbQ%3D%3D%2C63b971b729a756a3c1eb0fec6cccb736%2C9731220%2C59fd7af875fa5434a86e5397c79380d2]
Note: We demonstrated the poc by usage of the web-app but the local app is also vulnerable to the same issue!
Solution - Fix & Patch:
The vulnerbaility can be patched by a secure parse and encode of the vulnerable filename value in the send message module with the attach file function.
The security risk of the application-side input validation web vulnerability in the airdroid app is estimated as medium. (CVSS 3.9)
Credits & Authors:
Vulnerability Laboratory [Research Team] - Hadji Samir [firstname.lastname@example.org]
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