[Tracking for: https://code.google.com/p/chromium/issues/detail?id=475018]
Credit is to bilou, working with the Chromium Vulnerability Rewards Program.
Issues in DefineBitsLossless and DefineBitsLossless2 leads to using uninitialized memory while rendering a picture. This is caused by the returned value of a zlib function not properly checked.
Chrome version 41.0.2272.101, Flash 220.127.116.11 (the code below comes from flash player standalone exe 18.104.22.168)
Operating System: Win 7 x64 SP1
Compile the provided poc with flex sdk:
mxmlc -static-link-runtime-shared-libraries=true -compress=false -target-player 15.0 -swf-version 25 XBitmapGif.as
And change the bytes in the DefineBitsLossless2 tag, at offset 0x228:
14 00 14 00 78 to 14 00 14 00 41
To get a DefineBitsLossless tag, change the byte at offset 0x220:
09 47 00 00 00 to 05 47 00 00 00
Load the provided pocs and see the pointers partially disclosed.
When handling such tags, Flash first allocates a buffer according to the picture's width and height but does not initialize it. If the compressed data stream is corrupted, the zlib function just returns an invalid token and Flash leaves the uninitialized buffer as is.
Look at sub_54732C:
.text:0054746C mov ecx, [esi]
.text:0054746E push 0
.text:00547470 push 0
.text:00547472 push eax
.text:00547473 push [ebp+var_10]
.text:00547476 push [ebp+var_14]
.text:00547479 push [ebp+var_C]
.text:0054747C call sub_545459 ; allocate a buffer of 4 * 14h * 14h = 640h
.text:00547481 cmp [ebp+var_1], 0
.text:00547485 mov ecx, [esi]
.text:00547487 setnz al
.text:0054748A mov [ecx+58h], al
.text:005474DE lea eax, [ebp+var_50]
.text:005474E1 push 0
.text:005474E3 push eax
.text:005474E4 call xinflate ; inflate the buffer, but there's no error check?
.text:005474E9 pop ecx ; thus we can return 0xFFFFFFFD in eax with a corrupt stream
.text:005474EA pop ecx
.text:005474EB cmp eax, 1
.text:005474EE jz short loc_5474FB
.text:005474F0 test eax, eax
.text:005474F2 jnz short loc_54753A ; which will skip the buffer initialization
Reading this data back is not straightforward. For a DefineBitsLossless tag, we can read values like 0xFFXXYYZZ. For a DefineBitsLossless2 tag an operation is performed on the pixels so we can only read f(pixel). That function is handled by sub_4CD3B0 and uses a hardcoded table. By conbining both the DefineBitsLossless and DefineBitsLossless2 tags I'm quite convinced we can guess a full pointer.
Proof of Concept: