PowerFolder Server 10.4.321 - Remote Code Execution









Mogwai Security Advisory MSA-2016-01
  Title:              PowerFolder Remote Code Execution Vulnerability
  Product:            PowerFolder Server
  Affected versions:  10.4.321 (Linux/Windows) (Other version might be also affected)
  Impact:             high
  Remote:             yes
  Product link:       https://www.powerfolder.com
  Reported:           02/03/2016
  by:                 Hans-Martin Muench (Mogwai, IT-Sicherheitsberatung Muench)

Vendor's Description of the Software:
PowerFolder is the leading on-premise solution for file synchronization
and collaboration in your organization. PowerFolder Business Suite and
PowerFolder Enterprise Suite both offer a fully integrated and secure
solution for backup, synchronization and collaboration.

Support for federated RADIUS, LDAP and RESTful APIs allow PowerFolder
to blend in perfectly into your environment while all data is stored
on your own IT infrastructure, ensuring that your data remains 100%
under your control.

Business recommendation:
Apply patches that are provided by the vendor. Restrict access to the
PowerFolder port, as the vulnerability might be exploited with other gadgets.

CVSS2 Ratings
CVSS Base Score: 9.3
Impact Subscore: 10
Exploitability Subscore: 8.6
CVSS v2 Vector (AV:N/AC:M/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)

Vulnerability description:
The PowerFolder server and client are written in Java. Data exchange is mainly
done via serialized objects that are send over a dedicated port (TCP port 1337).
This service allows deserialization of untrusted data, which can be exploited to
execute arbitrary code.[1][2]

The tested PowerFolder version contains a modified version of the Java
library "ApacheCommons". In this version, the PowerFolder developers removed
certain dangerous classes like
however, exploitation is still possible using another gadget chain [3].

Proof of concept:
A simple PoC can be found here: 


Disclosure timeline:
10/02/2016: Bug discovered during pentest preparation
02/03/2016: Initial contact via vendor support form
02/03/2016: Response from vendor, asking for additional details
02/03/2016: Sending description, including a very simple PoC
07/03/2016: Response from PowerFolder developers, they are unable to reproduce
the issue
07/03/2016: Response from Mogwai Security, will develop a improved PoC exploit
12/03/2016: Providing an improved exploit PoC that does not only work in LAN
21/03/2016: Requesting an update from the developers
21/03/2016: Phone call with PowerFolder developers
21/03/2016: Additional response from PowerFolder, they plan to release a
security update at the end of the month
01/04/2016: Release of PowerFolder 10 SP5, including vulnerability
acknowledgement [4]

[1] https://frohoff.github.io/appseccali-marshalling-pickles/
[2] https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VviY3O-euVQ
[3] https://github.com/frohoff/ysoserial/blob/master/src/main/java/ysoserial/payloads/CommonsCollections3.java
[4] https://wiki.powerfolder.com/display/PFC/PowerFolder+Client+10+SP5

Advisory URL:

Mogwai, IT-Sicherheitsberatung Muench
Gutenbergstrasse 2
89231 Neu-Ulm (Germany)