Microsoft Windows - Uniscribe Font Processing Heap Buffer Overflow in 'USP10!ttoGetTableData' (MS17-011)

EDB-ID:

41651


Platform:

Windows

Published:

2017-03-20

Source: https://bugs.chromium.org/p/project-zero/issues/detail?id=1027

We have encountered a crash in the Windows Uniscribe user-mode library, in an unnamed function called by USP10!ttoGetTableData, while trying to display text using a corrupted font file:

---
(46ac.5f40): Access violation - code c0000005 (first chance)
First chance exceptions are reported before any exception handling.
This exception may be expected and handled.
eax=0945afce ebx=00000100 ecx=09463000 edx=00000004 esi=0945afba edi=0946006b
eip=75202dae esp=0059f634 ebp=0059f668 iopl=0         nv up ei pl nz na po nc
cs=0023  ss=002b  ds=002b  es=002b  fs=0053  gs=002b             efl=00010202
USP10!ttoGetTableData+0xc4e:
75202dae 668939          mov     word ptr [ecx],di        ds:002b:09463000=????
0:000> kb
ChildEBP RetAddr  Args to Child              
0059f668 75202bf8 0945af96 09462fb8 0059f688 USP10!ttoGetTableData+0xc4e
0059f690 752021b1 09462fb8 09462fb8 0945ad42 USP10!ttoGetTableData+0xa98
0059f6a4 751f7274 09458fd0 094589d0 0059f734 USP10!ttoGetTableData+0x51
0059f704 751f7044 0000001a 093f3d88 09401fa8 USP10!LoadTTOArabicShapeTables+0x184
0059f718 751fc638 51010f6c 093f3d88 0059f744 USP10!LoadArabicShapeTables+0xd4
0059f728 751fc5c8 51010f6c 094587d0 093e6124 USP10!ArabicSimpleLoadTbl+0x28
0059f744 751ea5a0 51010f6c 751e5348 0000001a USP10!ArabicLoadTbl+0xa8
0059f76c 751ea692 093e6124 51010f6c 0000001a USP10!UpdateCache+0xb0
0059f780 751f152d 51010f6c 093e6000 751f15db USP10!ScriptCheckCache+0x62
0059f78c 751f15db 00000001 00000001 00000000 USP10!GetShapeFunction+0xd
0059f7c4 751f2b14 00000001 00000001 0059f844 USP10!RenderItemNoFallback+0x5b
0059f7f0 751f2da2 00000001 00000001 0059f844 USP10!RenderItemWithFallback+0x104
0059f814 751f4339 00000001 0059f844 093e6124 USP10!RenderItem+0x22
0059f858 751e7a04 000004a0 00000400 51010f6c USP10!ScriptStringAnalyzeGlyphs+0x1e9
0059f870 76ca5465 51010f6c 093e6040 0000000a USP10!ScriptStringAnalyse+0x284
0059f8bc 76ca5172 51010f6c 0059fca4 0000000a LPK!LpkStringAnalyse+0xe5
0059f9b8 76ca1410 51010f6c 00000000 00000000 LPK!LpkCharsetDraw+0x332
0059f9ec 763c18b0 51010f6c 00000000 00000000 LPK!LpkDrawTextEx+0x40
0059fa2c 763c22bf 51010f6c 00000070 00000000 USER32!DT_DrawStr+0x13c
0059fa78 763c21f2 51010f6c 0059fca4 0059fcb8 USER32!DT_GetLineBreak+0x78
0059fb24 763c14d4 51010f6c 00000000 0000000a USER32!DrawTextExWorker+0x255
0059fb48 763c2475 51010f6c 0059fca4 ffffffff USER32!DrawTextExW+0x1e
0059fb7c 00336a5c 51010f6c 0059fca4 ffffffff USER32!DrawTextW+0x4d
[...]
0:000> dd ecx
09463000  ???????? ???????? ???????? ????????
09463010  ???????? ???????? ???????? ????????
09463020  ???????? ???????? ???????? ????????
09463030  ???????? ???????? ???????? ????????
09463040  ???????? ???????? ???????? ????????
09463050  ???????? ???????? ???????? ????????
09463060  ???????? ???????? ???????? ????????
09463070  ???????? ???????? ???????? ????????
0:000> !heap -p -a ecx
    address 09463000 found in
    _DPH_HEAP_ROOT @ 93e1000
    in busy allocation (  DPH_HEAP_BLOCK:         UserAddr         UserSize -         VirtAddr         VirtSize)
                                 93e2fa4:          9462fb8               48 -          9462000             2000
    5e3e8e89 verifier!AVrfDebugPageHeapAllocate+0x00000229
    77580f3e ntdll!RtlDebugAllocateHeap+0x00000030
    7753ab47 ntdll!RtlpAllocateHeap+0x000000c4
    774e3431 ntdll!RtlAllocateHeap+0x0000023a
    5fcca792 vrfcore!VfCoreRtlAllocateHeap+0x00000016
    751f6644 USP10!UspAllocCache+0x00000054
    751f725b USP10!LoadTTOArabicShapeTables+0x0000016b
    751f7044 USP10!LoadArabicShapeTables+0x000000d4
    751fc638 USP10!ArabicSimpleLoadTbl+0x00000028
    751fc5c8 USP10!ArabicLoadTbl+0x000000a8
    751ea5a0 USP10!UpdateCache+0x000000b0
    751ea692 USP10!ScriptCheckCache+0x00000062
    751f152d USP10!GetShapeFunction+0x0000000d
    751f2b14 USP10!RenderItemWithFallback+0x00000104
    751f2da2 USP10!RenderItem+0x00000022
    751f4339 USP10!ScriptStringAnalyzeGlyphs+0x000001e9
    751e7a04 USP10!ScriptStringAnalyse+0x00000284
    76ca5465 LPK!LpkStringAnalyse+0x000000e5
    76ca5172 LPK!LpkCharsetDraw+0x00000332
    76ca1410 LPK!LpkDrawTextEx+0x00000040
    763c18b0 USER32!DT_DrawStr+0x0000013c
    763c22bf USER32!DT_GetLineBreak+0x00000078
    763c21f2 USER32!DrawTextExWorker+0x00000255
    763c14d4 USER32!DrawTextExW+0x0000001e
    763c2475 USER32!DrawTextW+0x0000004d
[...]
---

The issue reproduces on Windows 7. It is easiest to reproduce with PageHeap enabled, but it is also possible to observe a crash in a default system configuration. In order to reproduce the problem with the provided samples, it might be necessary to use a custom program which displays all of the font's glyphs at various point sizes.

Attached is an archive with 3 crashing samples.


Proof of Concept:
https://github.com/offensive-security/exploitdb-bin-sploits/raw/master/bin-sploits/41651.zip